OCTOBER 18, 1953 SUNDAY
While stationed in Germany with the Air Force, Johnny cash makes his
first trip to Paris, where he takes in the Eiffel Tower and views the Mona Lisa at the Louvre.
OCTOBER 20, 1953 TUESDAY
Rocker Tom Petty is born in Gainesville, Florida. He writes ''Thing About You'', by Southern Pacific, ''Never Be You'' by Rosanne Cash, ''You Got It'' by Roy Orbison. He also appears on Hank Williams Jr.'s ''Mind Your Own Business''.
Roy Acuff closes a one-month USO tour of the Pacific, where he performed for soldiers in Korea and Japan, among other locations. Moon Mullican also took part as a member of Acuff's Smokey
Songwriter Fred Ahlert dies in New York City. His song ''I Don't Know Why (I Just Do)'' has already been a hit for Kate Smith, Tommy Dorsey and The Andrews
Sisters, among others, and is destined to score in country for Marty Robbins in 1977.
OCTOBER 21, 1953 WEDNESDAY
Guitarist Charlotte Caffey is born in Santa Monica, California. A member of the 1980s all-girl pop\rock band The Go-Go's, she teams with bandmate Jane Wiedlin and Keith Urban to write Urban's hit ''But For The Grace Of God''.
OCTOBER 23, 1953 FRIDAY
Eddy Arnold recorded ''I Really Don't Want To Know'' at Nashville's Thomas
OCTOBER 24, 1953 SATURDAY
Drummer Billy Thomas is born in Fort
Myers, Florida. As a member of McBride and The Ride, he contributes to four Top 10 hits in the early 1990s, including ''Sacred Ground'', ''Going Out Of My Mind'' and ''Love On The Loose, Heart On The Mend''.
OCTOBER 25, 1953 SUNDAY
Patti Page performs ''The Tennessee Waltz'' on the CBS variety show ''Toast Of The Town'', destined to become
''The Ed Sullivan Show''.
OCTOBER 28, 1953 WEDNESDAY
Songwriter Tommy Brasfield
is born in Jasper, Alabama. He writes Barbara Mandrell's ''Angel In Your Arms'', Ronnie Milsap's ''(There's) No Gettin' Over Me''.
OCTOBER 30, 1953 FRIDAY
Carl Smith recorded ''Dog-Gone It, Baby, I'm In Love'' during the afternoon at the Castle Studio in Nashville.
On November 14, Sam Phillips paid Junior Parker and (Blue Flames leader) William Johnson $50.12 in royalties. Two days later, he paid Floyd Murphy and Kenneth Banks
for a Junior Parker session for a share of Parker royalties. On November 18, Phillips paid Houston Stokes two dollars for taxi fare in conjunction with a Parker session in addition to a session fee, and paid James Wheeler a session fee nothing ''Blue Flames
session''. Sun 192 was issued on November 1, so it's possibly that one or more of the Parker titles listed below were recorded on November 14, 16, or 18.
joins a package tour of Southern one-nighters headlined by Willie Mae Thornton and Johnny Ace. B.B. King joins them for a big Thanksgiving Day concert in Houston, Texas.
magazine profiles the Prisonaires, a four-page spread extolling the manner in which the group was acting ''as goodwill ambassadors for a revolutionary and sometimes condemned prison rehabilitation program''.
Jud Phillips is in Atlanta, reports that Southland Distributors want 1,000 copies of Sun 192 "Mystery Train", and urges Sam Phillips to press up in significant quantities in anticipation of a major hit.
Jud Phillips moves through Nashville to New York. He talks to Broadcast Music Inc. (BMI), in New York about Sun starting its own publishing company. So far, Sun has assigned most original copyrights
to Delta Music or its affiliates, owned by Jim Bulleit.
Thus far, Sun has assigned most of its original copyrights to Jim Bulleit's Delta Music or its affiliates.
Jud Phillips also reports that distribution of Sun Records via Nashville is becoming too intricately tied in with Bulleit's promotion of his own Delta and J-B product.
David James Mattis, founder of Duke Records, announced that he will launch Starmaker Records, possibly in conjunction with WDIA, which calls itself the ''starmaker station''.
By the fall of 1953, even though Sam Phillips was again riding the kind of wave he
had enjoyed with ''Rocket 88'' two summers earlier, he had not found the prosperity he had doubtless anticipated. Phillips' margin per single was small; his profit was tied up in repressions, and with slow-paying distributors.
After ''Bear Cat'' broke, Sam's first move had been to bring his brother Jud into the picture. Jud had the knack for promotion that Sam had for production. He was gregarious, flamboyant, and, given half an opportunity,
extravagant. By the time he joined Sam, Jud had worked as a singer, a gospel promoter, a front man for Roy Acuff's tent show, and a production assistant to Jimmy Durante.
November 1953 Jud was on the road by himself, where he learned that some of the deals Bulleit had cut were not necessarily in Sun's best interest. From Richmond, Virginia, Jud wrote, ''we've found the same thing here that I've found in several other places.
Jim has promised them (distributors) free Sun records to compensate for the bad stock they were caught with on his other labels such as J-B. They were very fed up with the way Jim had given them the runaround since he had been with Sun''.
By the end of 1953, Sam and Jud Phillips were pressuring Bulleit to sell his share of Sun Records. In February 1954 Jud borrowed the money to buy him out. The amount, Bulleit later recalled,
was ''twelve hundred dollars, but it really wasn't worth any more than that''. During that same month Sam and Jud got a license from BMI to form their own publishing company, Hi-Lo Music, so they wouldn't have to place their copyrights through Bulleit.
The infrastructure that Sam and Jud had created-reliable distributors, accommodating disc jockeys, and so on, was built on the assumption that the hits ' would keep on coming. As it happened,
they didn't. Junior Parker left for greener pastures in Houston, Rufus Thomas could not recapture the novelty appeal of ''Bear Cat'' and the Prisonaires, unable to support their records with many personal appearances, found their popularity hard to sustain.
The new artists that Phillips recorded did not have the allure of those faded or departed
hitmakers. The most prolific artists during the demise of the blues era at Sun were Little Milton and Billy
''The Kid'' Emerson.
Cambodia declares its independence from France
during November of 1953. King Sihanouk, having previously pushed for independence, took over as the country’s leader. Starting in 1946, Cambodian resistance fighters had launched armed attacks against French occupation in a push for independence. Cambodia
had been under French-colonial rule for ninety years prior to its independence. After achieving independence the country remained the Kingdom of Cambodia until 1970 when Norodom Sihanouk was overthrown in a United States backed military coup.
NOVEMBER 1, 1953 SUNDAY
The singles Sun 191 ''A Prisoner's Prayer'' b/w ''I Know'' released by The
Prisonaires, this one with accompaniment on one side by Ike Turner on guitar, but despite the continued allure of Johnny Bragg's voice, and Sun 192 ''Mystery Train'' b/w ''Love My Baby'' by Little Junior's Blue Flames are released. Action is split between
the two sides of 192, although Billboard picks out "Mystery Train" as the likely hit. ''Mystery Train'' become a rhythm and blues hit for Elvis Presley two years later.
Phillips was out for over a month promoting the two singles. Jud's letters continue to show a steady pattern of success both in collecting money owed and reorganizing the distribution system, most of all in helping to restore Sun's good name. ''I don't plan
to leave a stone unturned'', Jud wrote on November 15, describing the pervasive sense of mistrust ''of any organization that Jim Bulleit was connected to''. It might look to Sam Phillips like he was ''taking a lot of time in each location'', he continued,
''but I'm taking no more than I feel is absolutely required''. But there is no sign of any emotional reciprocity on Sam's part.
Songwriter Max D. Barnes marries Patsy.
Barnes' credits include Vern Gosdin's ''Chiseled In Stone'', Conway Twitty's ''Red Neckin' Love Makin; Night'' and George Jones' ''Who's Gonna Fill Their Shoes''.
Keith Stegall is born in Wichita Falls, Texas. Stegall produces Alan Jackson, The Zac Brown Band and Craig Campbell, and writes such hits as ''Don't Rock The Jukebox'', Minkey Gilley's ''Lonely Nights'', Glen Campbell's ''A Lady Like You'' and Mark Wills'
''I Do (Cherish You)''.
NOVEMBER 2, 1953 MONDAY
Pee Wee King appears on NBC-TV's
daytime show ''The Kate Smith Hour''.
NOVEMBER 3, 1953 TUESDAY
Pee Wee King
recorded ''Bimbo'' and ''Changing Partners'' in an afternoon session at the RCA Studios in New York.
Gene Autry and Smiley Burnette both perform in the debut of ''Last
Of The Pony Riders'', a western built around the Pony Express. It's the last movie to feature Autry as a singing cowboy.
NOVEMBER 4, 1953 WEDNESDAY
Pee Wee King debuts a weekly program on WEWS-TV in Cleveland, Ohio.
Van Stephenson is born in Hamilton,
Ohio. He writes Lee Greenwood's ''You've Got A Good Love Comin''' and Restless Heart's ''Bluest Eyes In Texas'', and has a pop hit as an artist with ''Modern Day Delilah'' before joining the 1990's trio BlackHawk.
NOVEMBER 5, 1953 THURSDAY
Elton Britt begins a daily radio show on WCOP in Boston.
NOVEMBER 6, 1953 FRIDAY
The Osborne Brothers perform publicity for the first time.
NOVEMBER 7, 1953 SATURDAY
Rosco Gordon's single ''Ain't No Use'' (Duke 114) enters the local charts in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Sam Phillips lost Little Junior Parker to Don Robey at Duke Records in December. Junior had been out on tour with Duke artists Johnny Ace and Big Mama Thornton since the beginning of September,
which Sam Phillips had originally thought could be a big boost to Little Junior's career. But then it was reported in Cash Box on this date, just as ''Mystery Train'' was beginning to break, that the ''terrific little blues belter currently being groomed by
Peacock and Duke prexy Don Robey for mighty big things''. Sam immediately made a person-to-person call to Robey, his nemesis in the ''Bear cat'' lawsuit, but Robey was not one to be easily deterred, and Sam heard that he had Little Junior in the Duke studio
in December. At this point Sam Phillips had his lawyer, Roy Scott, fly to Houston to confront Robey directly, and when that, too, failed and there was a subsequent announcement in Cash Box in December that Robey had signed Little Junior and the Blue Flames
to an exclusive recording contract, Sam informed Cash Box that ''such a contract could not legally exist and that Sun Records Co., Inc. would take whatever action was necessary to protect our rights''. Which Sam followed up on with a $100,000 lawsuit.