CONTAINS 1952 SUN SESSIONS

Studio Session for Johnny Ace, Unknown Date(s) 1952
Studio Session for Joe Hill Louis, January 1952 / Modern Records
Studio Session for Billy Love, January 10, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Howlin' Wolf, January 23, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Rosco Gordon, January 23, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Houston Boines, January 23, 1952 / Blues & Rhythm
Studio Session for Boyd Gilmore, January 23, 1952 / Modern
Studio Session for Brother Bell (Johnny O'Neal), January 23, 1952 / Blues & Rhythm
Studio Session for Charlie Booker, January 23, 1952 / Blues & Rhythm
Studio Session for Bobby Bland, January 24, 1952 / Modern Records
Studio Session for Elmore James, January 25, 26, 1952 / Flair Records
Studio Session for Bobby Bland, Unknown Date 1952 (2) / Duke Records
Studio Session for Shirley Sisk & Judy Dismukes, February 8, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Howlin' Wolf, February 12, 1952 / RPM Records
Studio Session for Joe Hill Louis, February 23, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Walter Bradford, February 23, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Jack Kelly & Walter Horton, February 25, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Joe & Jack, Possibly February 25, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Rosco Gordon, March 1951 / RPM Records
Studio Session for Johnny London, March 1, or 8, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Drifting Slim, March 21, 1952 / RPM Records
Studio Session for Sunny Blair, March 21, 1952 / Meteor Records
Studio Session for Baby Face Turner, March 21, 1952 / Modern/Meteor Records
Studio Session for Joe Hill Louis, March 31, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Little Junior Parker, April 1952 / Modern Records
Studio Session for Bobby Bland, April 1952 / Modern Records
Studio Session for Ike Turner & Ben Burton, April 195 2 / RPM Records
Studio Session for Bonnie & Ike Turner, April 1952 / RPM/Modern Records
Studio Session for B.B. King, April 1952 / RPM Records
Studio Session for Sleepy John Estes, April 5, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Raymond Jones, April 9, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Boyd Gilmore, April 13, 1952 / Modern Records
Studio Session for Charlie Booker, April 13, 1952 / Modern Records
Studio Session for Elven Parr's In The Groove Boys, April 14, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Howlin' Wolf, April 17, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Rufus Thomas, April 21, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Sleepy John Estes, April 24, 1952
Studio Session for Willie Nix, April 25, 1952 / Checker Records
Studio Session for James Banister & Dennis Binder, May 3, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Woodrow Adams, May 24, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Billy Love, May 28, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Howlin' Wolf, Probably May or June 1952 / Chess Records
Demo Session for Jerry Lee Lewis, Summer 1952 / J&M Records
Studio Session for Billy Love, June 10, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Walter Bradford, June 14, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Luke McDaniel, June 15, 1953 / Trumpet Records
Studio Session for Howlin' Wolf, July 10, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Joe Hill Louis, July 18, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Rosco Gordon, July 21, 1952 / Duke Records
Studio Session for Charles Thomas, August 12, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for B.B. King, September 1952 / RPM Records
Studio Session for Johnny Ace, September 1952 / Flair Records
Studio Session for Earl Forest, September 1952 / Flair Records
Studio Session for Walter Horton, September 15, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Rosco Gordon, September 15, 1952 / RPM Records
Studio Session for Jesse ''Tiny'' Kennedy, September 25, 1952 / Trumpet Records
Studio Session for Sherman ''Blues'' Johnson, September 30, 1952 / Trumpet Records
Studio Session for Billy ''Tag'' Williams, October 1952 / Trumpet Records
Studio Session for Willie Nix, October 2, 8, 9, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Raymond Hill, October 6, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Howlin' Wolf, October 7, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Walter ''Tang'' Smith, October 27, 1952 / J-B Records
Studio Session for Bobby Bland, November 2, 1952 / Duke Records
Studio Session for Red Hadley, November 13, 1952 / Trumpet Record
Studio Session for Joe Hill Louis, November 17, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Houston Stokes, November 18, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Red Hadley, December 5, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Joe Hill Louis, December 8, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Joe Hill Louis & Walter Horton, December 8, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Willie Nix, December 10, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Joe Willie Wilkins, December 10, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Billy Love, December 11, 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Doctor Ross, Late 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for Henry Hill, Unknown Date 1952 / Sun Records
Studio Session for The Song Fellows, Between 1952-1954 / Sun Records

Biography of Artists (See: The Sun Biographies)


1952

Despite the war in Korea Americans considered themselves to be prospering with average worker earning $3,400 per year, a college teacher could expect to earn $5,100 per year . Three out of 5 families owned a car, 2 out of 3 families now had a telephone, 1 in 3 homes had a television. The average woman in America would be married by 20 years of age looking forward to raising a family but few continued with a career after children were born. Fast Food restaurants were growing in popularity, but the scourge of Polio hit many thousands of families ( 50,000 estimated ) . Many more cars in America were now fitted with automatic gearboxes and gas cost 25 cents per gallon. The worlds first passenger jet The Comet is produced in UK signaling the start of faster and cheaper air travel in later years.

Eunice Kathleen Waymon (aka blues-singer Nina Simone)  worked as a pianist  for Arlene Smith, a voice teacher and takes piano lessons with Vladimir Sokhaloff.

Ralph Ellison's ''Invisible Man''.
 
1952

The success of Jackie Brenston, Howlin' Wolf, and Roscoe Gordon kept the arrangement  between Chess and Sam Phillips healthy into 1952. But their relationship eventually became  strained, as Phillips' later offerings failed to live up to their predecessors' sales. There were  the inevitable squabbles about money. ''Confusion arose between Leonard Chess and me  about what I was supposed to be paid'', Phillips recalls. ''I made some wrong moves with RPM  and Chess. If I'd had my way, I'd rather have done only the creative end and left the business  to other people, but once you set up in business you have to carry it through. I grew up on a  handshake deal, which I guess is not a good thing to rely upon in business. Len and Phil  Chess were not being honest with me. I have to say that. I was not being greedy. I'd have  stayed with them, but I was working my ass off and I couldn't afford not to get what was due  to me''.

There was another factor in the equation by early 1952. Where just a few years ago it had  been empty, the Memphis recording scene was suddenly becoming rather crowded. Ike  Turner was still scouting and recording for RPM/ Modern; meanwhile, a fourth Bihari, Lester,  had recently returned to Memphis, intending to start a label that would attract the local  talent, although he had a head start with a stash of RPM/Modern masters from Chicago. In  addition, David James Mattis, production manager at WDIA, started Duke Records at around  the same time in partnership with Bill Fitzgerald from Music Sales.

With these factors weighing heavily upon him, Phillips decided early in 1952 that he would  start his own label, despite his personal preference for the creative side of the business. ''It  truly did not want to open a record label'' he contends, ''but I was forced into it by those  labels either coming to Memphis to record or taking my artists elsewhere. What people did  not realize was the importance of producing records with the potential to be hits. Hit  sounds. Good music. A guarantee of money to the Wolf or the others looked fine, but it was  not the answer. It only raised everyone's expectations, and let everyone down on both sides  when they didn't deliver''.

With the dismal experience of the Phillips label now two years distant, and with three  national Rhythm & Blues hits under his belt, Phillips once again decided to start his own  label. ''Sun Records was forced on me'', he says, ''but at the same time, it presented the  opportunity to do exactly as I wanted''.


''The Sun to me, even as a kid back on the farm, was a universal kind of thing. A new day, a  new opportunity'', said Sam Phillips, reflecting on the confluence of events that had brought  him to the formation of his own label. ''I chose the name Sun right at the beginning of 1952,  when I had determined to try to start issuing my own recordings. It was a frightening  experience for me. I had a heavy workload already, and now here I was with lack of time,  lack of know-how, and lack of liquidity''.

At the same time, having Sun Records meant that Phillips would have to answer only to  himself for a record's success or failure. He could release music that others had deemed  unworthy, he could hand-carry sample discs to every station within a five-hundred-mile  radius, and he could exert pressure on his distributors''.

''Then, if the record succeeded, he  would reap the rewards. He was no longer forced to second-guess Chess Records'  accountings, or to fret that others had won the acclaim for his productions. By the same  token, if one of his records bombed, there was only one scapegoat.

''My first step'', he continues, ''was to sketch out a label design and take it to Memphis  Engraving on North Second Street. A man named Jay Parker I had known and played with in the  Coffee H igh School, class of '44, who had played sousaphone in the marching band, was there. We had a good laugh over that, and I explained to him just what I wanted to convey with the name and the label. It had to be real, and it had to be simple, and it had to reflect the sun, with a rooster crowing for a new day''.

''When he came back the next day, Parker had almost exactly what I had in mind, using a single color (for economy and simplicity) against the bright golden paper he had chosen to announce the label's name''.

There were eleven shaded sun rays surrounded by a staff of musical notes encircling all but the bottom part of the label's outer edge. The notes were in the same burnt umber as all the lettering except SUN (at the top) RECORD COMPANY (across the spindle hole), and MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE (on the bottom crescent of the circle), with each yellow letters set off by the same ''rusty brown'' shadowing (S-U-N) or backdrop. The only thing missing was the rooster.

''I said, Í got to have room for this, I wanted that rooster in the center, 'but I don't want it too crowded'. So he drew my rooster for me and realized some notes and the staff around it, and that label never changed, except I did not anticipate 45s, we were dealing with 78s, with the little hole in the middle, so in the end I had to drop my little rooster!''.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR JOHNNY ACE
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE 1952

PROBABLY MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE 1952
STUDIO HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

In 1986 Sun researcher Colin Escott told readers in Goldmine that back in 1972 he and Martin Hawkins,  while cataloging tapes recorded at Sun Studio in Memphis, had discovered two songs probably recorded by  Johnny Ace. These songs ''Remember I Love You'' and ''I Cried Last Night'' were in an unmarked box of tape  that disappeared over the next ten years, he explained, before they could be given another listen for inclusion  in the Sun Blues Box. One of these songs, however, emerged in the 1989 as ''the last unreleased Johnny Ace  title in the various artists album The Original Memphis Blues Bothers.


Secondhand clothing stores and pawn shops on Beale Street, Memphis, Tennessee, 1939. >

Ray Topping, who wrote the jacket   notes, claimed to have found the master ''I Cried Last Night'' by Johnny Ace. The song was on a small reel of   tape, he said, stripped away of all the other masters and stored in an unmarked tape box ''hidden away in a   dusty corner'' at the Modern Records tape archive. Topping provided no evidence at all that the vocalist of ''I   Cried Last Night'' is Johnny Ace, and, indeed, no one familiar with Ace's voice could ever make so  preposterous a claim.


Worse, the album graphics created non-existent documents to suggest that the   annotator had done his research among them a concocted telegram (''your son Johnny shot and killed himself   tonight'') from Evelyn Johnson to Mrs. Leslie Alexander, dated 12:43 A.M. On 25 December – reporting   Ace's death almost twenty-two hours before it happened'.

01 - ''REMEMBER I LOVE YOU (MIDNIGHT HOURS JOURNEY)'' – B.M.I. - 3:32
Composer: - Johnny Alexander
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None – Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - Unknown Date 1952
Released: - 1989
First appearance: - Ace Records (LP) 33rpm CHAD 265 mono
VARIOUS ARTISTS - THE ORIGINAL MEMPHIS BLUES BROTHERS

02 - ''I CRIED LAST NIGHT'' – B.M.I. - 4:25
Composer: - Johnny Alexander
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None – Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - Unknown Date 1952
Released: - 1989
First appearance: - Ace Records (LP) 33rpm CHAD 265 mono
VARIOUS ARTISTS - THE ORIGINAL MEMPHIS BLUES BROTHERS

03 - ''FOLLOW THE RULE'' - B.M.I. 2:32
Composer: - Johnny Alexander
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None – Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - Unknown Date 1952
Released: - 2008
First appearance: - Proper Records (CD) 500/200rpm Properbox 143-16 mono
ROCKIN' MEMPHIS

04 - ''BURLEY CUTIE'' - B.M.I. - 2:37
Composer: - Johnny Alexander
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None – Sun Unissued
Recorded: - Unknown Date 1952
Released: - 2008
First appearance: - Proper Records (CD) 500/200rpm Properbox 143-25 mono
ROCKIN' MEMPHIS

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Johnny Ace – Vocal & Piano
Unknown Group

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR JOE HILL LOUIS
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR MODERN RECORDS 1952

PROBABLY  MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE JANUARY 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - PROBABY SAM C. PHILLIPS

Joe did get entangled in the Chess-Bihari-Phillips wars and new research makes it apparent that the Biharis recorded his sixth and final Modern record in early 1952 during their own field (?) recordings. It is notable that the usual spark and enthusiasm is absent in ''Peace Of Mind'' and ''Chocolate Blonde''. 

01 - ''PEACE OF MIND" – B.M.I. - 2:44
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Modern Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - MM 1750
Recorded: - Unknown Date January 1952
Released: - January 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm standard single Modern 856-A mono
PEACE OF MIND / CHOCOLATE BLONDE
Reissued:  - 2001 Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 803-19 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - BOOGIE IN THE PARK

02 - ''CHOCOLATE BLONDE" – B.M.I. - 2:49
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Modern Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - MM 1751
Recorded: - Unknown Date January 1952
Released: - January 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm standard single Modern 856-B mono
CHOCOLATE BLONDE / PEACE ON MIND
Reissued:  - 2001 Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 803-20 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - BOOGIE IN THE PARK

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Joe Hill Louis - Vocal, Guitar; more details unknown

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


1952

Renegade white country & western swing band Bill Haley & The Saddlemen record "Rock The   Joint", the first white rock song of note.

Biography Published for Historical Reasons

Bill Haley was born July 6, 1925 in Highland Park, Michigan as William John Clifton Haley. Because of the  effects of the Great Depression on the Detroit area, his father moved the family to Boothwyn, near Chester,  Pennsylvania, when Bill was seven years old. Haley's father William Albert Haley was from Kentucky and  played the banjo and mandolin, and his mother, Maude Green, who was originally from Ulverston in  Cumbria, England, was a technically accomplished keyboardist with classical training. Haley told the story  that when he made a simulated guitar out of cardboard, his parents bought him a real one.

Bill got his first professional job at the age of 13, playing and entertaining at an auction for the fee of $1 a  night. Very soon after this he formed a group of equally enthusiastic youngsters and managed to get quite a  few local bookings for his band. When Bill Haley was fifteen (1940) he left home with his guitar and very  little else and set out on the hard road to fame and fortune. The next few years, continuing this story in a  fairy-tale manner, were hard and poverty-stricken, but crammed full of useful experience. Apart from  learning how to exist on one meal a day and other artistic exercises, he worked at an open-air park show,  sang and yodelled with any band that would have him, and worked with a traveling medicine show.  Eventually he got a job with a popular group known as the "Down Homers" while they were in Hartford,  Connecticut. Soon after this he decided, as all successful people must decide at some time or another, to be  his own boss again, and he has been that ever since. These notes fail to account for his early band, known as  the Four Aces of Western Swing. During the 1940s Haley was considered one of the top cowboy yodelers in  America as "Silver Yodeling Bill Haley.

For six years Bill Haley was a musical director of Radio Station WPWA in Chester, Pennsylvania, and led his  own band all through this period. It was then known as Bill Haley's Saddlemen, indicating their definite  leaning toward the tough Western style. They continued playing in clubs as well as over the radio around  Philadelphia, and in 1951 made their first recordings on Ed Wilson's Keystone Records in Philadelphia. On  June 14, 1951 the Saddlemen recorded a cover of Jackie Brenston's Sun/Chess recording "Rocket 88". Many  rock historians regard this song, with its fusion of African-American Rhythm & Blues as the very first "rock  and roll" recording.

During the Labor Day weekend in 1952, the Saddlemen were renamed Bill Haley with Haley's Comets  (inspired by the supposedly official pronunciation of Halley's Comet, a name suggested by the disk jockey  Alan Freed), and in 1953, Haley's recording of "Crazy Man, Crazy" (co-written by him and his bass player,  Marshall Lytle, although Lytle would not receive credit until 2001) became the first rock and roll song to hit  the American charts, peaking at number 15 on Billboard and number11 on Cash Box. Soon after, the band's  name was revised to Bill Haley & His Comets.

In 1953, a song called "Rock Around The Clock" was written for Haley. He was unable to record it until  April 12, 1954. Initially, it was relatively unsuccessful, peaking at number 23 on the Billboard pop singles  chart and staying on the charts for only one week.

Haley soon scored a major worldwide hit with a cover version of Big Joe Turner's "Shake, Rattle And Roll",  which went on to sell a million copies and was the first ever rock and roll song to enter the British singles  charts in December 1954, becoming a Gold Record. He retained elements of the original, but threw some  country music aspects into the song (specifically, Western swing) and cleaned up the lyrics. Haley and his  band were important in launching the music known as "rock and roll" to a wider, mostly white audience after  a period of it being considered an underground genre.

When "Rock Around The Clock" appeared as the theme song of the 1955 film Blackboard Jungle starring  Glenn Ford, it soared to the top of the American Billboard chart for eight weeks. The single is commonly  used as a convenient line of demarcation between the "rock era" and the music industry that preceded it.  Billboard separated its statistical tabulations into 1954 and 1955 present. After the record rose to number  one, Haley was quickly given the title "Father Of Rock And Roll" by the media, and by teenagers who had  come to embrace the new style of music. With the song's success, the age of rock music began overnight and  instantly ended the dominance of the jazz and pop standards performed by Frank Sinatra, Jo Stafford, Perry  Como, Bing Crosby and others.

Success came at somewhat of a price as the new music confused and horrified most people over the age of  30, leading to Cold War-fueled suspicion that rock and roll was part of a communist plot to corrupt the minds  of American teenagers. FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover attempted to dig up incriminating material on Bill Haley,  who took to carrying a gun with him on tours for his own safety.

"Rock Around The Clock" was the first record ever to sell over one million copies in both Britain and  Germany and, in 1957, Haley became the first major American rock singer to tour Europe. Haley continued  to score hits throughout the 1950s such as "See You Later, Alligator" and he starred in the first rock and roll  musical films ''Rock Around The Clock'' and ''Don't Knock The Rock'', both in 1956. Haley was already 30  years old and so he was soon eclipsed in the United States by the younger, sexier Elvis Presley, but continued  to enjoy great popularity in Latin America, Europe and Australia during the 1960s.

Bill Haley and the Comets performed "Rock Around The Clock" on the Texaco Star Theater hosted by  Milton Berle on May 31, 1955 on NBC in an a cappella and lip-synched version. Berle predicted that the  song would go number. "A group of entertainers who are going right to the top''. Berle also sang and  danced to the song which was performed by the entire cast of the show. This was one of the earliest  nationally televised performances by a rock and roll band and provided the new musical genre called "rock  and roll" a much wider audience.

Bill Haley and the Comets were the first rock and roll act to appear on the iconic American musical variety  series the Ed Sullivan Show on Sunday, August 7, 1955 on CBS in a broadcast that originated from the  Shakespeare Festival Theater in Hartford, Connecticut. They performed a live version of "Rock Around The  Clock" with Franny Beecher on lead guitar and Dick Richards on drums. The band made their second  appearance on the show on Sunday, April 28, 1957 performing the songs "Rudy's Rock" and "Forty Cups Of  Coffee".

Bill Haley and the Comets appeared on American Bandstand hosted by Dick Clark on ABC twice in 1957, on  the prime time show October 28, 1957 and on the regular daytime show on November 27, 1957. The band  also appeared on Dick Clark's Saturday Night Beechnut Show, also known as The Dick Clark Show, a  prime-time TV series from New York on March 22, 1958 during the first season and on February 20, 1960,  performing "Rock Around The Clock", "Shake, Rattle, And Roll", and "Tamiami".

A self-admitted alcoholic (as indicated in a 1974 radio interview for the BBC), Haley fought a battle with  alcohol into the 1970s. Nonetheless, he and his band continued to be a popular touring act, benefiting from a  1950s nostalgia movement that began in the late 1960s and the signing of a lucrative record deal with the  European Sonet label. After performing for Queen Elizabeth II at the Royal Variety Performance on  November 10, 1979, Haley made his final performances in South Africa in May and June 1980. Before the  South African tour, he was diagnosed with a brain tumor, and a planned tour of Germany in the autumn of  1980 was cancelled.

The October 25, 1980 edition of the German paper Bild reported that Haley had a brain tumor. It quoted  British manager Patrick Maylan as saying that Haley "had taken a fit and went over the seat. He didn't  recognize anyone anymore" after being taken to his home in Beverly Hills. It also reported that a doctor at  the clinic where Haley had been taken said, ''The tumor can't be operated on anymore''.

The Berliner Zeitung reported a few days later that Haley had collapsed after a performance in Texas and  been taken to the hospital in his home town of Harlingen, Texas. However, this account is questionable as  Bill Haley did not perform in the United States at all in 1980.

Despite his ill health, Haley began compiling notes for possible use as a basis for either a biographical film  based on his life, or a published autobiography (accounts differ), and there were plans for him to record an  album in Memphis, Tennessee, when the brain tumor began affecting his behavior and he went back to his  home in Harlingen, where he died early in the morning of February 9, 1981.


1952

Johnny Ace, a former piano player with the Beale Streeters, a group that included blues  legends B.B. King and Bobby "Blue" Bland, records his first record in Memphis and watches  it hit number 1 launching him as a major rhythm and blues star.

Fats Domino's own "Goin' Home" hits number 1 on the rhythm and blues charts and  becomes one of the first rock songs to scrape the Pop Charts as well, reaching number 30.

Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, still in their late teens, write their first hit "Hard Times" for  rhythm and blues star Charles Brown, as well as the rock classic "Kansas City". Their work  as writers and producers over the next decade will result in countless hits for dozens of  musical legends.

1952

Hit singer Johnnie Ray was so over-the-top histrionic that he's sometimes called the first  rock singer, but his style owed more to tuneful rhythm and blues than rock – some call him  the "missing link" between Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley. Ray could (and would) sob  on stage to great effect, and his big hits this year were "Cry" and "The Little White Cloud That  Cried."

Cinerama presented multi sound track replay to the public for the first time. This  stimulated public interest in the possibility of stereo recordings and research was stepped  up.

1952

Newspaper clipping, Baton Rouge.

Roundup Boys Give Show In Nashville.

The Louisiana Round-Up Boys, local band composed of teen-agers, visited in Nashville on  the Labor Day week end where they entertained at the "Corral", owned by Hank and Audry  Williams.

The members of the band and Hannah Faye Harger were the guests of R.L. Langhart. Band  members are Red Withers, Buddy Harger, Bucky Wood, Earl LeBlanc and Anthony  Whittington. They visited the studios of Station WSM, met the stars of the Grand Ole Opry  and were the guests of Lew Childre at the Grand Ole Opry show Saturday night.

1952

Sun Records comes into being in March. Sam Phillips founds Sun Records and declares "If I  could find a white man who sings with the Negro feel, I'll make a million dollars".

Bill Haley's Saddlemen become the Comets.

Bob Horn's Bandstand TV program airs from Philadelphia every weekday afternoon.

The Cleveland disc jockey Alan Freed (aka Moondog) organizes the first rock and roll  concert, the Moondog Coronation Ball.

Charles Brown's "Hard Times" is the first hit by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller to enter the  charts.

Little Richard's first records released.

1952

This year, Scotty Moore, a guitar player from Humbolt, Tennessee had got out of the Army  and moved to Memphis. He had contacted Sam Phillips and had been asked to scout around  town for musical talent to work with. Whether it was Scotty who approached Doug  Poindexter or Sam who put the two together is now unclear, but the result was that Scotty  and his friend, bass player Bill Black, joined the Starlite Wranglers. The band worked out a  new sound while they played a residency at the Eagle Nest club on Lamar Avenue in  Memphis.

Roy Orbison forms the Wink Westerners with high school friends James Morrow, Charles  Evans, Billy Pat Ellis in 1952.

Future Sun artist Johnny Carroll's high school band, formed in 1952, was called the Texas Moonlighters because of the many nights he and his friends spent milking cows or bling hay. ''They sounded like Slim Whitman'' he told John Blair. ''But with a little touch of the Clovers''. They performed at talent contests sponsored by the Future Farmers of America organization and on KCLE where the programme directors, Ronnie Hall and Gene Echols, helped them obtain other bookings.

Pianist Roy Hall was on Fortune Records again, working with Skeeter Davis, really Mary Frances Pennick from Corbin, Kentucky, a girl he had known ten years before. Hall told Martin Hawkins, ''I made a record called ''Jealous Love'' with Skeeter that sold about 80,000 copies, which was pretty big record in those days. I had known Skeeter Davis since the age of 14. She was a very fine girl, very religious''. According to Hall, she would join in at social events for which he provided piano and accordion accompaniment. This started around 1945 when she was fourteen, and he was twenty-three. back in Nashville in 1952, Roy Hall set up a late night drinking club on Commerce Street known as the Musician's Hideaway. He continued to work as a session man at Tennessee Records and probably spent much of the next three years running his night club, cursing the day Tennessee Records made Del Wood a piano star than him, and cultivating a drinking habit that really kicked in at this point. In this he was not alone. He developed friendships with a number of Nashville songwriters who also drank hard, men like Jackson Toombs and Vic McAlpin. He started to write songs himself, including ''Cheap Love Affair'', ''Christine'', ''Three Alley Cats'', and ''Santa Claus Is A Texas Cowboy''. He often took inspiration from the players and patrons who frequented the Hideaway. Hall hired a number of passing musicians to play at the Hideaway, and he took pride in later years in having first hired and then fired two of the best, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.

1952

By 1952, future Sun artist Curtis Hobock was in Carl   Perkins' home town, Bemis, working in lumber, milling, and trucking. Driving a truck one winter he was   caught in a snowstorm and was holed up for two weeks in a motel in Chicago. Returning home, he vowed to   never drive a truck again as it took too much time away from home and family. He worked for the TVA   (Tennessee Valley Authority) for a short period and then joined Central Woodworks as a millwright, staying   with them until his retirement from music in the mid 1960s.


The original lineup of Eddie Bond and The Stompers, early 1953. (Left to right) Ronald Smith, lead guitar; Enlo Hoskin, bass; Johnny Fine, drums; Curtis Lee Alderson, vocals, dancer; Jody Chastain, steel guitar; Eddie Bond (kneeling), vocals. 

1952

Future Sun recording artist Eddie Bond, started his band The Stompers took place over the  ensuing months; well-known members would be Reggie Young, John Hughey, Jimmy Smith  and Johnny Fine.

Earlier incarnations of the band had included Ronald Smith, Enlo  Hopkins, Curtis Lee Alderson and future Musical Warrior for Charlie Feathers, Jody  Chastain.

The rounds of the South and Southwest were made taking in Tucson, Arizona, Birmingham,  Alabama and Dexter, Missouri, where Eddie and The Stompers together with Roy Orbison  and the Teen Kings and Narvel Felts with Jerry Mercer's Rhythm and Blues Boys played on  top of a concession stand at the local drive-in a typical scenario for the period 1954-1956.

Hank Williams is fired from the Grand Ole Opry for drunkenness and persistent no-shows.

JANUARY 1952

Sam Phillips records another Howlin' Wolf session for Chess Records. Rosco Gordon also  records further sides for Chess. Master numbers are assigned, but the titles are withheld  pending the outcome of the legal action.

Joe and Jules Biharis engage Ike Turner as a talent scout for  RPM/Modern Records, and Joe and Jules set out on a field trip through Arkansas and  Mississippi, and the Greyhound bus station in Ike Turner's hometown of Clarksdale, which Joe Bihari converted into a serviceable studio   to records various blues artists. Among those recorded are Junior Parker, Houston  Boines, Boyd Gilmore, Charlie Booker, and Johnny O'Neal, all of whom will later record for  Sam Phillips.

JANUARY 1952

Jim Bulleit, owner of the Bullet label in Nashville between 1945 and 1949, returns to Nashville after working as a promoter for KWKH radio, the Louisiana Hayride, and as promoter of a music jamboree in Spruce Pine, North Carolina. Bulleit becomes involved in setting up distribution for Sun Records in the spring of 1952, along with his own Delta and J-B labels.

Sam Phillips' mother Margaret ''Margie'' Lovelace Phillips died in January 1952, and the whole family gathered for the ceremony at the North Wood Methodist Church, Florence, Alabama. Jimmy Connolly, Judge Longshore, and Jud Phillips' father-in-law, Mr. Hensley, were among the pallbearers, and Aunt Emma, almost inconsolable, signed sadly with her favorite nephew. 

NBC’s “The Today Show” debuts during January of 1952. Hosted by Dave Garroway, the show featured national and world news, as well as interviews and lighter content in a two-hour live format. The concept of the show was envisioned by Sylvester Weaver Jr. who would later become the president of NBC from 1953 until 1955. Dave Garroway would host the show as the main anchor from its start in 1952 until he left in 1961. “The Today Show” was the very first of its kind and inspired the creation of other similarly modeled programs such as “Good Morning America” and “The Early Show''.

JANUARY 1, 1952 MONDAY

Wesley Rose, future Country Music Hall of Famer, is cut in on the family business, as father Fred Rose gives him part of his share of Acuff-Rose, a publishing company he built with Roy Acuff.

Future singer-songwriter Neil Young arrives in New Smyrna Beach, Florida, with his family, following a six-day trip from Toronto. The family stays for five moths, while young Neil recuperates from a bout with polio.

Booking agent and manager Jim Halsey sets up an agency in Oklahoma City. He plays a major role in the careers of Hank Thompson, Ray Clark and The Oak Ridge Boys, among others.

JANUARY 3, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Audrey Williams, kicks Hank Williams out of the house. She denies accusations that she shot at him, he denies accusations of infidelity. Within days, he is taken to a Montgomery, Alabama, hospital following an overdose of pills.

JANUARY 4, 1952 THURSDAY

Scotty Moore is discharged from the Navy. Two years later, he becomes the first guitar player for Elvis Presley.

JANUARY 5, 1952 FRIDAY

Johnnie and Jack give their last performance on The Louisiana Hayride in Shreveport before returning to Nashville to re-claim a spot on the Grand Ole Opry.

Merle Travis is arrested for drunk and disorderly conduct in Los Angeles.

JANUARY 8, 1952 MONDAY

Eddy Arnold recorded ''Easy On The Eyes'' at the Brown Brothers Studio in Nashville.

Lefty Frizzell recorded ''Don't Stay Away (Till Love Growns Cold)'' at the Jim Beck Studio in Dallas, Texas.

Hank Snow recorded \\Lady's Man'' and ''Married By The Bible, Divorced By The Law'' in the evening at Nashville's Brown Radio Productions.

JANUARY 10, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Studio session with Billy Love at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee.

Audrey Williams files for divorce from Hank Williams for the second time in four years.

Teresa Brewer recorded ''Gonna Get Along Without You Now''. The song is revised as a country hit a dozen years later by Skeeter Davis.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR BILLY LOVE
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE  FOR CHESS RECORDS PROBABLY 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: THURSDAY JANUARY 10, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

During the delay before ''Drop Top'' was issued, Billy Love was back in Sam Phillips studio on January 10, 1952 recording two titles, ''There's No Use'' and ''A Dream'', for which Phillips paid Love $61. Another cheque for $50 from Chess was apparently handed over in person on January 23. Phillips assigned two unusual  numbers (LS 402/403) to these two titles and on January 7 he noted that he had applied for copyright on ''A Dream''.

It is unclear what this was all about, and certainly there is no trace of the titles having appeared on Chess or any other label. Phillips was having difficulties in his relationship with Chess at the time: he told me, having successes like Howlin' Wolf and Rosco Gordon and these brought in as many problems too. Confusions came in between Leonard Chess and me about what I was supposed to be paid etc ... I grew up on a handshake deal, which guess is not a good thing to rely on in business." Apparently reluctantly, Sam Phillips started to issue discs on his own Sun Records label in March 1952. Possibly he had in mind to use Billy Love's January session on Sun, but his dealings with Chess had not yet fully imploded and in the end Phillips sent Love's songs to Chess, possibly for consideration as alternative B-sides for ''Drop Top''.

01 - ''THERE'S NO USE" – B.M.I. - 2:59
Composer: - Milton Morse Love
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - LS 402 - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 10, 1952
Released: - Re-Issued of Deleted Track 1977 - November 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30135-14 mono
THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS – JUNIOR PARKER & BILLY LOVE
Reissued:  - 2011 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17149-5 mono
GEE... I WISH

''There's No Use'' starts as a mid-paced blues about a lost woman before Harvey Simmons breaks out into a wild sax solo supported by trumpet figures and crashing drumbeats. In considerable contrast, A Dream was a departure from blues and boogie and indicates the range of styles and musical interests Billy Love may have had. It has a Latin beat from piano and drums, reflecting the increased popularity of that style in the early 1950s, and almost classical piano flourishes. Billy employs a strong, serious-sounding vocal about the girl who appears in his dreams but not in his life.

02 – ''A DREAM'' – B.M.I. - 3:23
Composer: - Milton Morse Love
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - LS 403 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 10, 1952
Released: - November 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30135-16 mono
THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS – JUNIOR PARKER & BILLY LOVE
Reissued: - 2011 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BFX 17149-6 mono
GEE... I WISH

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Billy Love – Vocal & Piano
Unknown – Guitar, Bass, Drums
Harvey Simmons – Saxophone
Unknown – Trumpet

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


JANUARY 12, 1952 SATURDAY

Ricky Van Shelton is born in Grit, Virginia. S smooth and powerful vocalist, Shelton earns a reputation for revitalizing country staples such as ''From A Jack To A King'' and ''Statue Of A Fool'', winning the CMA's Male Vocalist of the Year in 1989.

JANUARY 14, 1952 MONDAY

Hank Williams and Ray Price begin moving into a house at 2718 Wedgewood in Nashville. They share the home for about six months.

JANUARY 15, 1952 TUESDAY

Gene Autry, Pat Buttram and Frankie Marvin all appear in ''The Old West'', a stagecoach drama that debuts in movie theaters.

JANUARY 18, 1952 FRIDAY

Bass player Bob Moore welcomes a son, R. Stevie Moore. Dad goes to play on hundreds of country hits by George Strait, George Jones, Loretta Lynn and Patsy Cline, among others, he played on numerous country and some blues recordings for Elvis Presley.

JANUARY 20, 1952 SUNDAY

Paul Stanley, of Kiss is born in Queens, New York. Noted for its theatrical road shows, the rock band becomes an influence for Garth Brooks' concerts. Brooks goes on to imitate Staley in a performance of ''Hard Luck Woman'' for the Kiss tribute album ''Kiss My Ass''.

JANUARY 21, 1952 MONDAY

Capitol released Hank Thompson's ''The Wild Side Of Life''.

Red Foley recorded ''Milk Bucket Boogie''

Columbia released Carl Smith's ''(When You Feel Like You're In Love) Don't Just Stand There''.

JANUARY 22, 1952 TUESDAY

Alabama bass player Teddy Gentry is born in Fort Payne, Alabama. The band mixes country with southern rock in becoming the hottest country act of the 1980s, eventually entering the Country Music Hall of Fame.

Smokey Mountain Boy Jimmie Riddle has a son, Steve.

JANUARY 1952

Studio session with Howlin' Wolf at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee.  Probably also an studio session with Johnny Ace.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR HOWLIN' WOLF
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: WEDNESDAY JANUARY 23, 1952
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER
STUDIO HOURS: UNKNOWN
MOST OF THE REPERTOIRE ON THIS SESSION WAS
DUBBED FROM ACETATE OR DISC SOURCE
MANY OF THE ORIGINAL MASTER TAPES HAVE BEEN LOST

Like all the genuine greats whom Sam Phillips recorded, Howlin' Wolf arrived at 706 Union with a style which he neither cared to alter, not could possibly have improved. He plays and sings with such bite and attack on this track he sounds like he could have saved the South at Gettysburg! Sure, its something of a "Rocket 88" spinoff, but it has an added sparkle and vitality which owes nothing to any other record.  Louis Calvin Hubert   's piano is rock solid, whilst Willie Johnson's guitar fairly bristles with energy - and although Wolf pops his "p's" into the mike, that merely adds to the abandon of the recording. The original working title of the song was "Cadillac Daddy", which was arguably stronger.

So Howlin' Wolf played the blues at Chess Records while Chuck Berry played rock and roll, but this rocks harder and with more abandon than just about anything else on Chess.. or Sun, come to that.

01(1) - "MR. HIGHWAY MAN (CADILLAC DADDY)" – B.M.I. - 2:25
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - None - Alternate Take -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1976
First appearance: - Charly Records 1976 (LP) 33rpm CR 30101-A-1 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 1 - CATALYST
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-12 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

01(2) - "MR. HIGHWAY MAN (CADILLAC DADDY)" – B.M.I. - 2:46
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - U 7427 - Master
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - April 15, 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm standard single Chess 1510-B mono
MR. HIGHWAY MAN / GETTIN' OLD GREY
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-6 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

02 - "MY TROUBLES AND ME"* – B.M.I. - 3:15
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Is an evolving version of "Gettin' Old And Grey", originally titled "Old Age Blues",
but cannot properly be termed an alternative take.
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1976
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30102-A-5 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 2 - SAM'S BLUES
Reissued: - Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-10 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

On ''My Troubles And Me'', Wolf's own performance is matched - if not overshadowed - by Johnson's guitar work, with its jazzy inclinations and distorted tone. In fact, Johnson is allowed full rein on this one and seems determined to steal the show, bursting forth not only around Wolf's stirring vocal, but under it as well, whilst  the mellow tone of Wolf's harp offers a stark contrast, despite being rather overshadowed early on in the proceedings. During the first four bars the guitar and piano seem to be at cross purposes, whilst there is a sax buried way back in the mix somewhere, to little effect.

03 - "GETTIN' OLD GREY"* – B.M.I. - 2:35
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - U 7426 - Master
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - April 15, 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm standard single Chess 1510-A mono
GETTIN' OLD GREY / MR. HIGHWAY MAN
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-7 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

Amazingly, ''Getting Old Grey'' consists of just two vocal verses split by one instrumental chorus. Like the previous track, this is very much a vehicle for Willie Johnson's supercharged block chords and fidgeting single string runs. Both verses have Wolf concerded with encroaching old age - after all, he was 41 at the time of this  session. When he sang, "I've got to look out for my older days", he had no idea of the international fame that lay in wait for him. Sam Phillips juggles with his microphones during the solo chorus, beginning with Wolf's stereo typical harmonica phrases and then pumping up Willie Johnson's intense lead. Far in the background a pair of tenor saxes riff contentedly. In his final verse, Wolf reckons "I've got to find me a place to stay". That place would be Chicago.

Johnny Temple's ''Getting Old Blues'' doesn't fret like this, and neither does any other blues song that comes to mind. Just as Sleepy John Estes extolled the virtues of the burial policy, Wolf almost seems intent on selling you a retirement account. Nevertheless, this track becomes a timing nightmare pretty quickly and despite Wolf's distinctive and spectacular voice, it could have used another couple of takes.

04 - "MY BABY WALKED OFF" – B.M.I. - 2:56
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: -1976
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30102-A-1 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 2 – SAM'S BLUES
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-8 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

Wolf's vocal performance on this number is damn near faultless, containing all that feral energy and menace which he regularly generated at his very best. However, the pianist seems to have real problems keeping up during the first chorus, before settling in unobtrusively. Wolf contributes some genuinely bizarre lines: "You know she's just my colour/she's just my kind/ I'm crazy 'bout the woman/she just walked off and died". His vocal inflection on the repetition of "colour" is simply magical.

05 - "CHOCOLATE DROP" – B.M.I. - 2:39
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30134-5 mono
HOWLIN" WOLF - THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-11 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Howlin' Wolf - Vocal and Harmonica
Willie Johnson - Guitar
Unknown - Bass
Willie Steele - Drums
Albert Williams or  Louis Calvin Hubert  - Piano
Unknown – Saxes*

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


JANUARY 1952

Eddie Hill leaves Memphis to work for WSM radio in Nashville, Tennessee.

The legal wranglings over Howlin' Wolf and Rosco Gordon is finally settled, the Biharis  getting Rosco plus four Unissued masters, whilst Chess keep Wolf. Meanwhile, "Booted" is  still available on two labels, and the Chess version finally enters the Rhythm and Blues  charts.

Chess Records release their second Wolf single "Howlin' Wolf Boogie" (Chess 1497).

Sam  Phillips records Arkansas disc jockey Walter Bradford, and pairs jug band veteran Jack  Kelly up with Walter Horton, and pitches the dubs to Chess Records. Following their  rejection by Chess, Phillips schedules both to be among the first batch of releases on his  forthcoming SUN label, although neither make the final ship-out.

In the meantime another Sun label, operating out of Albuquerque, New Mexico, starts up  with a disc by Don Paull. Another Sun label, owned by Abe Lyman and based on 161st Street  in New York, was launched in 1946 and issuing Jewish and Yiddish Folk music but had probably ceased business by 1952.

Modern Records issues a final Joe Hill Louis single "Chocolate Blonde"/"Peace Of Mind"  (Modern 868) an old masters supplied by Sam Phillips.


EARLY 1952

By early 1952, several of Sam Phillips' recording artists were caught up in commercial and  legal arguments between the companies who took recordings from him - principally Chess in  Chicago and Modern/RPM in Hollywood. Companies not unreasonably wanted exclusivity on  the bestselling singers. One of these was Rosco Gordon who had registered hits with RPM but  who would also appear shortly on Chess and then, for good measure, on the Duke label.

JANUARY 23, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Rosco Gordon made a session for Chess at Phillips' studio that included an engaging bar room  song called ''Decorate The Counter''. However, by February 15 wrangling between the  various companies had seen Gordon's contract signed over to Modern/RPM Records and two  days later most of the recordings from the January session were passed to Modern.  ''Decorate The Counter''was not one of them because Chess had expressed an interest in the  song. Sam Phillips apparently held it back as the prototype for someone else to record. That  someone was Rufus Thomas, and so we had tuded an extended version of the earliest of  Rosco's versions of the song.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR ROSCO GORDON
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: WEDNESDAY JANUARY 23, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

Rosco Gordon made a session for Chess Records at Phillips' studio that included an engaging bar room song called "Decorate The Counter". However, by February 15, wrangling between the various companies had seen Gordon's contract signed over to Modern/RPM Records and two days later most of the recordings from the January session were passed to Modern. "Decorate" was not one of them because Chess had expressed an interest in the song. Sam Phillips apparently held it back as the prototype for someone else to record. That someone was Rufus Thomas, and so we have included an extended version of the earliest of Rosco's version of the song (03).

01(1) - "DECORATE THE COUNTER" – B.M.I. - 2:28
Composer: -  Robert Henry-Courtney Harris
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30133-A-8 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-5 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

01(2) - "DECORATE THE COUNTER'' - 1 – B.M.I. - 2:59
Composer: - Robert Henry-Courtney Harris
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30133-B-1 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS
 Reissued: - 2008 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 16695-11 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE SUN YEARS PLUS

Its hard to be critical of a record like this, which is infectious good-time music, pure and simple. This is the second, looser take with the band getting bawdy in the background, and is a vast improvement on Take 1 (which was released on CR 30133). This version was actually mastered for release on Chess as the follow-up  to "Booted", however, legal warn glings between Chess and RPM/Modern over Rosco's contract led to it being withheld. Since Leonard Chess had felt so strongly about the song he requested another version with the same sound and feel: Phillips immediately reassembled the same studio band and brought in another artist - who, like Rosco, had a good-time, good-humoured vocal style. Enter Rufus Thomas: Phillips rushed the resulting acetate to Chess Records in April 1952, and the disc was in the stores within weeks.

02 - "I WADE THROUGH MUDDY WATER (DREAM ON BABY)" - B.M.I. - 3:00
Composer: - Rosco Gordon
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm 30133-14 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-6 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

John Murry Daley's drums beat like a sepulchral metronome throughout this dirge-like song, the designated B-side of "Decorate The Counter". Sam Phillips recut "Decorate" with Rufus Thomas, but this track - retitled - had to wait 25 years to be released. Its original title comes from the second verse, when Rosco describes what he's prepared to do for the woman who's deserted him. Richard Sanders' baritone sax solo is perfectly recorded, catching the full eruptive depth of those bass notes. His wheedling tone sounds like Lewis Carroll's Walrus coaxing virgin oysters from their shells.

03 - "I LOVE YOU BETTER THAN I LOVE MYSELF" – B.M.I. - 2:22
Composer: - Rosco Gordon
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued
Released: - 2006
First appearance: - Charly Records Internet iTunes MP3-4 mono
ROSCO GORDON - SELECTED HITS

04 - "TELL ME PRETTY BABY" – B.M.I. - 2:22
Composer: - Rosco Gordon
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued

This session was recorded for Chess Records, but the masters were not dispatched pending the outcome of the legal dispute. ''I Wade Through Muddy Water'' was issued as ''Dream On Baby'' on CR 30133.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Rosco Gordon - Vocal and Piano
Willie Wilkes - Tenor Saxophone
Richard Sanders - Baritone Saxophone
John Murry Daley – Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR HOUSTON BOINES, BOYD GILMOORE,
BROTHER BELL (JOHNNY O'NEAL), CHARLIE BOOKER
FOR MODERN, BLUES & RHYTHM RECORDS

CLUB CASABLANCA, 1102 NELSON STREET, GREENVILLE, MISSISSIPPI
STUDIO SESSION: THURSDAY JANUARY 23, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER
AND/OF JOE BIHARI

In January 1952, Joe Bihari and Ike Turner turned up at the Club Casablanca located on Nelson Street in Greenville to record the local talent which produced three solid countrified, cotton patch singles including harmonica blower Houston Boines (spelt Baines on the Modern subsidiary Blues & Rhythm label and Boyd Gilmore on his cut of Robert Johnson's ''Ramblin' On my Mind'' both trying to capture some of the magic of Elmore James' ''Dust My Broom'' lick. The fourth single by Brother Bell sounded much more like Ike's King's Of Rhythm with Raymond Hill's tenor saxophone prominent on both sides. Brother Bell was vocalist Johnny O'Neal who would record again with Ike Turner at Sun Records in 1953

01 – ''GOING HOME''* – B.M.I. - 2:20
Composer: - Houston Boines-Jules Taub
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1790
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Blues & Rhythm Records (S) 78rpm B&R 7001 mono
GOING HOME / RELATION BLUES
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-14 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

02 – ''RELATION BLUES''* – B.M.I. - 2:38
Composer: - Jules Taub-Houston Boines
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1791
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Blues & Rhythm Records (S) 78rpm B&R 7001 mono
RELATION BLUES / GOING HOME
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-15 mono 
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

03 – ''RAMBLIN' ON MY MIND''** – B.M.I. - 2:49
Composer: - Boyd Gilmore
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1780 - Take 3
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 860 mono
RAMBLIN' ON MY MIND / JUST AN ARMY BOY
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-13 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

04 – ''IF YOU FEEL FROGGISH''*** – B.M.I.
Composer: - Jules Taub-Brother Bell
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1792
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Blues & Rhythm Records (S) 78rpm R&B 7002 mono
IF YOU FEEL FROGGISH / WHOLE HEAP OF MAMA
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-17 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

05 – ''WHOLE HEAP OF MAMA''*** – 1 - B.M.I. - 2:35
Composer: - Jules Taub-Brother Bell
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - MM 1793
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Blues & Rhythm Records (S) 78rpm R&B 7002 mono
WHOLE HEAP OF MAMA / IF YOU FEEL FROGGISH
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-16 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

06 – ''RABBIT BLUES''**** – B.M.I. - 2:22
Composer: - Jules Taub-Charlie Booker
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1794
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Blues & Rhythm Records (S) 78rpm B&R 7001 mono
RABBIT BLUES / NO RIDIN' BLUES
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-18 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

07 – ''NO RIDIN' BLUES''**** – B.M.I. - 2:54
Composer: - Jules Taub-Charlie Booker
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1796
Recorded: - January 23, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Blues & Rhythm Records (S) 78rpm B&R 7001 mono
NO RIDIN' BLUES / RABBIT BLUES
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-19 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No Of Instruments)
* - Houston Boines - Vocal, Harmonica
** - Boyd Gilmore - Vocal, Guitar
*** - Johnny O'Neal - Vocal
**** - Charlie Booker - Vocal, Guitar
Ike Turner - Piano
Jesse ''Cleanhead'' Love - Drums
Raymond Hill - Tenor saxophone
Willie Kizart - Guitar
Edwin Nash - Bass
Willie Sims - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


Down on Nelson Street juke-joints and shoe-shine parlours line Nelson Street, Greenville, for many years a blues centre in Mississippi. > 

NELSON STREET, GREENVILLE - Nelson Street was once the epicenter of African American business  and entertainment in the Delta. Nightclubs, cafes, churches, groceries, fish markets, barbershops, laundries,  record shops, and other enterprises did a bustling trade. Famous blues clubs on the street included the  Casablanca, the Flowing Fountain, and the Playboy Club. Willie Love saluted the street in his 1951 recording  "Nelson Street Blues''.

Whereas many Delta towns once "rolled up the sidewalks" in time for curfews, Greenville nurtured a  flourishing nightlife, especially during the 1940s and 1950s. Blues artists and audiences from throughout the  area gravitated to the cafes, pool halls, and nightclubs of Nelson Street. The music ranged from raw Delta  blues to big band jump blues and jazz. Years before he became America’s top black recording artist, Louis  Jordan joined local bandleader and music educator Winchester Davis for some performances here in 1928.

When down-home southern blues was at its commercial peak in the American rhythm and blues industry in  the early 1950s, record companies headed for Nelson Street in search of talent. Leading lights on the local  scene included Willie Love and Sonny Boy Williamson II, both of whom recorded for the Jackson-based  Trumpet label. In 1952 Charlie Booker and others recorded for the rival Modem Records at the Casablanca,  an upscale restaurant and lounge at 1102 Nelson, which advertised its services "For Colored Only''. In the  midst of one session, the local sheriff ordered the recording stopped when artists contracted to Trumpet  attempted to record for Modem. The resulting lawsuit made headlines in the national trade papers.

One of the Casablanca recordings, Charlie Booker’s "No Ridin' Blues'', joined Willie Love’s "Nelson Street  Blues" as a local anthem when Booker sang, "Greenville's smokin’, Leland's burnin' down''. Booker, Love,  and Little Milton Campbell were among the blues artists who had their own radio shows on WGVM or  WJPR. Disc jockey rocking Eddie Williams later had a record store on Nelson Street. Blues venues of the  1950s included Henry T's Pool Room, the Silver Dollar Cafe and the Blue Note.

Nelson Street alumni include Oliver Sain, Eddie Shaw, J.W. "Big Moose" Walker, Burgess Gardner, Lil' Bill  Wallace, Roosevelt "Booba" Barnes, Willie Foster, T-Model Ford, John Horton, and Lil’ Dave Thompson, as  well as Greenville’s first black policeman, guitarist Willie "Burl" Carson. The most successful of them all,  Little Milton, paid tribute to the Flowing Fountain, a Nelson Street show club, in his 1987 Malaco Records  hit "Annie Mae's Cafe''.


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STUDIO SESSION FOR BOBBY BLUE BLAND
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE 1952 FOR MODERN RECORDS

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: THURSDAY JANUARY 24, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 – ''LOVE ME BABY'' – B.M.I. - 3:00
Composer: - Jules Taub-Robert Bland
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - January 24, 1952
Released: - 1987
First appearance: - Ace Records (LP) 33rpm Ace 216-5 mono
THE FIFIES - JUKE JOINT BLUES
Reissued: -  2011  Jamine Records (CD) 500/200rpm JASCD 564-4 mono
BOBBY BLAND - IT'S MY LIFE, BABY

Name (Or. No Of Instruments)
Bobby Bland - Vocal
Junior Parker – Vocal & Harmonica
Johnny Ace - Piano
Matt Murphy - Guitar
Earl Forest - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Session Published for Historical Reasons

Flair Records was an American record label owned by the Bihari Brothers, launched in the early 1950s. It was a subsidiary of Modern Records. Its most famous artist was Elmore James, who released ten singles with this label.

STUDIO SESSION FOR ELMORE JAMES 
FOR FLAIR RECORDS 1952

CLUB DESIRE
SOUTH UNION STREET, CANTON, MISSISSIPPI
STUDIO SESSION: FRIDAY JANUARY 25, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER
AND/OF JOE BIHARI

The main purpose of Ike Turner's trip was to record Elmore James whose ''Dust My Broom'' was big at the time and who, although under contract to Trumpet Records, seemed willing to record elsewhere. The dynamic duo found their man in Canton and duly recorded him at the Club Desire. Over two days ten songs were cut which produced sides for four singles singles. On the three tracks included here are some of Elmore's most impassioned and intense vocals ever recorded. ''Hand In Hand'' burst from the speakers as though the beginning of the recording has been sliced off while on ''Please Find My Baby'', Ike and Elmore seem to battle for prominence over Elmore's famous riff - Elmore wins. ''Rock My Baby Right'' is more measured with the guitar turned down a notch and Ike's boogie piano up front and central.

01 - ''PLEASE FIND MY BABY'' - B.M.I. - 3:08
Composer: - Jules Taub-Elmore James
Publisher: - Universal Music Publishing
Matrix number - PL 147
Recorded: - January 25, 26, 1952
Released: - 1953
First appearance: - Flair Records (S) 78rpm Flair 1022 mono
PLEASE FIND MY BABY / STRANGE KINDA' FEELING
Reissued:   - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-15 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

02 - ''HAND IN HAND'' - B.M.I. - 2:48
Composer: - Jules Taub-Elmore James-Sam Ling
Publisher: - Universal Music Publishing
Matrix number: - FL 161
Recorded: - January 25, 26, 1952
Released: - 1954
First appearance: - Flair Records (S) 78rpm Flair 1031 mono
HAND IN HAND / MAKE MY DREAMS COME TRUE
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-28 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957


03 - ''ROCK MY BABY RIGHT'' - B.M.I. - 2:35
Composer: - Joe Josea-Elmore James
Publisher: - Universal Music Publishing
Matrix number: - FL 201 - Take 2
Recorded: - January 25, 26, 1952
Released: - 1954
First appearance: Flair Records (S) 78rpm Flair 1048 mono
ROCK MY BABY RIGHT / DARK AND DREARY
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-3-27 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Elmore James - Vocal & Guitar
Ike Turner - Piano
Unknown - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


JANUARY 29, 1952 TUESDAY

Hank Williams plays his first concert since a December back operation in Richmond, Virginia. At the hotel, he drinks a mixture of tomato juice and rubbing alcohol, then gives a poor, abbreviated show. Ray Price fills in with a 40-minute set.

The Maddox Brothers & Rose hold their first recording session for Columbia Records after a split with the Four Star label.

JANUARY 30, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Addressing a female reporter who gave the prior night's show a bad review, Hank Williams dedicates a song to a ''gracious lady writer'' on stage in Richmond, then plays ''Mind Your Own Business''.

''The Las Vegas'' opens in theaters with leading roles for Jane Russell and Victor mature. The motion picture also has a secondary part for ''Georgia On My Mind'' songwriter Hoagy Carmichael.

FEBRUARY 2, 1952 SATURDAY

MGM released Hank Williams' single ''Honky Tonk Blues'' backed with ''I'm Sorry For My Friend''

FEBRUARY 5, 1952 TUESDAY

Carl Smith recorded ''It's A Lovely, Lovely World'', ''That's The Kind Of Love I'm Looking For'' and ''Are You Teasing Me'' at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

FEBRUARY 6, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Pete Seeger is branded a member of the Communist party when actor Harvey Mutasow testifies before the House Un-American Activities Committee. Seeger will net country hits as a songwriter of ''Kisses Sweeter Than Wine'' and ''Gotta Travel On..

FEBRUARY 8, 1952 FRIDAY

Ray Price recorded ''Talk To Your Heart'' during the afternoon at the Castle Studio in Nashville's Tulane Hotel. The performance is rejected, and the ultimate single, his first hit, is recorded six days later.

Rex Allen and Slim Pickens are called upon to help unravel a murder in the movie debut of ''Colorado Sundown''. Woodwind player Darol Rice also appear on-screen.


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STUDIO SESSION FOR BOBBY BLUE BLAND
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE 1952 FOR DUKE RECORDS

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 – ''I.O.U. BLUES'' - B.M.I. - 3:11
Composer: - James Mattis-Don Robey
Publisher: - Lion Music Publisher
Matrix number: - ASA 2266
Recorded: - Unknown Date 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Peacock Records (S) 78rpm Duke R 105-B mono
I.O.U. BLUES / LOVIN' BLUES
Reissued: - 2011 Jasmine Records (CD) 500/200rpm JASCD 564-7 mono
BOBBY BLAND - IT'S MY LIFE, BABY

02 – ''LOVIN' BLUES'' - B.M.I. - 2:18
Composer: - James Mattis-Don Robey
Publisher: - Lion Music Publisher
Matrix number: - ASA 2267
Recorded: - Unknown Date 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Peacock Records (S) 78rpm Duke R 105-A mono
LOVIN' BLUES / I.O.U. BLUES
Reissued: - 2011 Jasmine Records (CD) 500/200rpm JASCD 564-8 mono
BOBBY BLAND - IT'S MY LIFE, BABY

Name (Or. No Of Instruments)
Bobby Bland - Vocal
Adolph Billy Duncan – Tenor Saxophone
Johnny Ace - Piano
B.B. King - Guitar
George Joyner – Bass
Earl Forest – Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR SHIRLEY SISK
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: FEBRUARY 8, 1952
STUDIO HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER – SAM C. PHILLIPS

Born Ernestine Brooks in Memphis. First recorded for Sam Phillips as a pianist and vocalist with her sister-in- law Judy Dismukes on guitar. The session was on February 8, 1952 when ''Let Me Count The Curls'' and  ''Mean Old Memphis'' were recorded. Sam Phillips assigned Chess master numbers and shipped masters to  Chess and to local radio stations. However, Chess did not release the titles, but Acuff-Rose picked up the  publishing rights to the song ''Let Me Count The Curls''. By the late 1950s and early 1960s, Shirley Sisk was back in  Memphis, working out of the Echo studios as a pianist and organist. She was featured on a Phillips  International disc by the Memphis Bells and in her own right on Sun 365, recorded at the Echo studio on  Manassas Avenue in 1961. She owned Permanent Records in Memphis, which did not live up to its name. 

01 - ''LET ME COUNT THE CURLS''
Composer: Ernestine Brooks
Publisher: - Acuff-Rose Music
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - February 8, 1952

02 - ''MEAN OLD MEMPHIS TOWN''
Composer: Ernestine Brooks
Publisher: - Acuff-Rose Music
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - February 8, 1952

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Shirley Sisk - Vocal & Piano
Judy Dismukes - Guitar

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


FEBRUARY 9, 1952 SATURDAY

Rosco Gordon's ''Booted'' (Chess 1487) enters the National Billboard Rhythm & Blues Charts and peaks at number 1 in a 13-week stay (number 15 rhythm and blues record of 1952).

At the beginning of February, Jules and Joe Bihari announced the formation of a new label, Blues And Rhythm, ''which will concentrate on blues waxings from the Deep South'', with eighteen new artists already signed and a ''talent rep'' hired.

They were, clearly, seizing upon a whole new trend. For the first time in many months, Hal Webman wrote in his column in Billboard, ''Rhythm & Blues Notes'': ''the down-home, Southern-style blues appears to have taken a solid hold... The Southern market appears to have opened up to its widest extent in some time... (as) such artists as B.B. King, Howling Wolf, Rosco Gordon, Fats Domino, Sonny Boy Williamson, Lightnin' Hopkins, John Lee Hooker, Lowell Fulson, Billy Wright, Muddy Waters, etc., have taken a fast hold in such market areas as New Orleans, Dallas, Atlanta, Los Angeles, etc. Even the sophisticated big towns, like New York and Chicago, have felt the Southern blues influence in wax tastes.

FEBRUARY 13, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Studio session with Walter Bradford at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis,  Tennessee. Session details unknown.

FEBRUARY 14, 1952 THURSDAY

Ray Price recorded his first hit ''Talk To Your Heart''.

Webb Pierce hires Tommy Hill, a future songwriter and record producer, as a fiddler in his band. Hill writes Pierce's ''Slowly'' and ''Red Sovine's Teddy Bear''.

FEBRUARY 15, 1952 FRIDAY

Chess and the Bihari brothers settled their ongoing squabble with an item in Billboard announcing, ''The Biharis turned over exclusive pact to Howlin' Wolf to the Chess Fraters, while Chess brothers gave four Rosco Gordon masters, and any claim to his contract, to Modern''. It seemed as if the Biharis might have gotten the better end of the deal, as Rosco's Chess recording of ''Booted'' (the Biharis had their own version out) was rapidly climbing the charts, on its way to becoming Rosco Gordon's first number 1 hit. For Sam Phillips that just may have been the trigger. He had two number 1 rhythm and blues hits now, and one number 4, in less than a year; he had discovered the Howlin' Wolf; and he had a wealth of talent still to record, but what did he have in the way of material reward to show for it?

FEBRUARY 18, 1952 MONDAY

Judy Kay ''Juice'' Newton is born at Lakehurst Naval Base, New Jersey. A distant descendent of Sir Isaac Newton, she earns pop/country crossover hits during the 1980s with ''Queen Of Hearts'', ''Angel Of The Morning'' and ''Break It To Me Gently''.

Decca released Red Foley's two-sided hit, ''Milk Bucket Boogie'' and ''Salty Dog Rag''.

FEBRUARY 21, 1952 THURSDAY

Jerry Lee Lewis marries his first wife, Dorothy Barton, in Mississippi, after lying about his age on the application for the license.

FEBRUARY 1952

Rhythm and blues magazine ''Beat'' report: ''Modern Records settled its differences with Chess Records of Chicago. The Biharis turned over exclusive pact to Howlin' Wolf to the Chess Fraters, while Chess brothers gave four Rosco Gordon masters to Modern''.

FEBRUARY 1952

Chess and the Biharis resolved their conflict in an agreement by which Chess kept Howlin' Wolf and the  Biharis kept Roscoe Gordon from Sun Records. Chess released their second Wolf single immediately  after the deal was struck. Nevertheless, both Wolf and Roscoe would have to wait a number of years to  recapture their initial success.

"The first time I saw Howlin' Wolf", says Jim Dickinson on June 1990 in Hernando, Mississippi, "I was  still too young to know any better. It was the early 1950s. I was with my father at a warehouse in West  Memphis, Arkansas. My father and the warehouse manager were counting cartons of clothes pins. Over  the hum of the big band built into the wall I could hear what sounded like jungle drums. I followed the  pounding up wooden stairs to an office. Painted on the glass door was a lightning bolt and red letters  KWEM RADIO. The door was open. Four negro men in unbleached work clothes were playing music.  One man - bigger than the others - was growling words I could not understand into a silver microphone.

I watched until my father found me. The music stuck in my head and wouldn't go away. I found it later on  the radio. KWEM - 1070 WDIA "The Black Spot On Your Dial" - WLOK 1340 with Hunky Dory -  Dewey Phillips Red Hot And Blue on 56 WHBQ radio.

I had an older friend with a 78rpm copy of Wolf's "I Love My Baby". I listened to it over and over. Then  one day in Ruben Cherry's "Home Of The Blues" record shop on Beale Street, I saw the grey album cover  with the drawing of a lone wolf howling to the moon. I took it to the check-out counter, and Ruben said,  'Boy, you got the blues there'.  "I was hooked. In 1958 my high school combo was playing versions of "Evil" and "Killing Floor" to our  white teenaged Memphis audience. By the mid-1960s the Rolling Stones were playing Howlin' Wolf  songs to the world.

I have heard Sam Phillips say that his discovery of Wolf was more significant than his discovery of Elvis  Presley. The Only artist to share the surreal darkness of Robert Johnson, Wolf brings out his band an  ensemble counterpoint unlike anything else in the blues. His voice seems to hang in the air, and make the  room rumble with echo. His singing is so powerful that between the vocal lines the compressor-limiter  through which the mono recordings were made sucks the sound of the drum and the French harp up into  the hole in the audio mix. Notes blend together and merge into melody lines that are not being 'played' by  any one instrument. Wolf is not bound by the three-chord blues pattern, and often seems to crass the bar  lines of western music. He is a Primitive-Modernist, using chants and modal harmonies of the dark  ritualist past brought up from mother Africa and slavery through electric amplifiers.

Like the unsolvable mystery of 'smokestack lightning', Howlin' Wolf contribution to the blues goes  beyond musical phrases. The 'idea' of Howlin' Wolf makes blues history somehow deeper and richer.  Bloody but unbowed, Chester Burnett is forever frozen in the time - space of these first recordings made  by Sam Phillips. Howlin' Wolf sings out his frustrations, never surrendering to the hopeless situation of  existence. The same giant pulled a plow like a man-mule in the Mississippi Delta, and lived to ride a  Shriners' mini-motorcycle  on-stage at the Newport Folk Festival.  He toured the world playing the blues, and would sit in his hotel room in his boxer shorts and do-rag, and  imitate Senator Everett Dirkson. His life is a legend. His legacy is a treasure as unique as the man  himself. Share his vision of love, sex, death, and man's predicament in the Universe. Heed the call of the  Wolf, the haunted cry of an animal alone in the night. And that music, loved Elvis Presley".

FEBRUARY 1952

Jackie Brenston and Ike Turner leave Sun Records for Chess Records in Chicago. Sam Phillips need to  find new talent ever pressing, he turned to a precocious young piano player named Rosco Gordon.  Eddie Hill leaves Memphis to work for WSM radio in Nashville, Tennessee.

FEBRUARY 1952

Sam Phillips borrowed some money from Nashville record magnate Jim Bulleit to begin his Sun Records  operation. Sam learned a great deal from Bulleit. Bulleit's company provided another model for Sun  Records. Sam Phillips reasoned he could duplicate its success in Memphis.  "I thought I could maybe make a go of a company that just recorded rhythm and blues numbers", Phillips  recalled.

FEBRUARY 1952

Sam Phillips started off with a flurry of recording activity at the end of February 1952. He cut a seventeen-year-old disc jockey from Forrest City, Arkansas, Walter Bradford, with more of a gift for self-promotion than for singing, then on the same day scheduled another Joe Hill Louis session, but this one, marked ''SCP'', for himself. Veteran blues singer Jack Kelly ''came with ''Mumbles'' Horton for session'', Marion Keisker noted in the logbook, and in due course Sam sent the dubs off to Chess, along with dubs from the Walter Bradford session. Then on March 1 he recorded a fifteen-year-old sophomore from Melrose High School, one of Memphis' three colored institutions, each with its own distinguished music program, who had been coming by with his little rhythm and blues combo, the Rockets, for the past few weeks.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

After possibly two years in the service, at the age of 38, bluesman Howlin' Wolf (Chester Arthur Burnett)  returned to farming in Mississippi but started playing in West Memphis, Arkansas around 1948. He probably  continued to work on the farm for a while at least because people recall seeing him show up for radio station  work in his farm overalls. At that time, West Memphis had longer drinking hours than Memphis, more  gambling joints and a city administration willing to turn a blind eye. On Friday and Saturday nights, school  buses brought sharecroppers in from the surrounding Delta country.

The Wolf and his small group (very young James Cotton and Little Junior Parker), plied their craft as the  country folk boozed, whored and gambled away their meagre earnings. Pat Hare, who later played guitar  with James Cotton and Muddy Waters, recalled that his first paying job was working with Howlin' Wolf in a  West Memphis whorehouse in 1948 or 1949. Howlin" Wolfs band spotted broadcast over station KWM,  where Sonny Boy Williamson II, had a spot.

Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR HOWLIN' WOLF
FOR RPM RECORDS 1951

KWEM RADIO STUDIO,
231 BROADWAY STREET, WEST MEMPHIS, ARKANSAS
RPM SESSION: TUESDAY FEBRUARY 12, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER
AND/OR JOE BIHARI

Howlin' Wolf last session for RPM/Modern Records.

01 - ''WORRIED ABOUT MY BABY'' - B.M.I. - 2:58
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1966
First appearance: - United Records (LP) 33rpm US 7747-A-5 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF - THE ORIGINAL FOLK BLUES
Reissued: - 1991 Virgin Records (CD) 500/200rpm V2-86295-11 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF RIDES AGAIN

02 - ''HOUSE ROCKIN' BOOGIE'' - B.M.I. - 4:10
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1966
First appearance: - United Records (LP) 33rpm US 7747-B-2 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF - THE ORIGINAL FOLK BLUES
Reissued: - 1991 Virgin Records (CD) 500/200rpm V2-86295-1 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF RIDES AGAIN

Notes: ''House Rockin' Boogie'' is listed as ''House Rockers'' on original.

03 - ''BROWN SKIN WOMAN'' - B.M.I. - 3:01
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1966
First appearance: - United Records (LP) 33rpm US 7747-A-2 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF - THE ORIGINAL FOLK BLUES

04(1) - ''CHOCOLATE DROP'' - 1 - B.M.I. - 2”40
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1991
First appearance: - Virgin Records (CD) 500/200rpm V2-86295-7 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF RIDES AGAIN

04(2) - ''CHOCOLATE DROP'' - 2 - B.M.I. - 2:41
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Alternate Take - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1991
First appearance: - Virgin Records (CD) 500/200rpm V2-86295-12 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF RIDES AGAIN

05 - ''DRIVING THIS HIGHWAY'' - B.M.I. - 2:50
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1991
First appearance: - Virgin Records (CD) 500/200rpm V2-86295-13 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF RIDES AGAIN

06 - ''THE SUN IS RISING'' - B.M.I. - 2:38
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1969
First appearance: - United Superior (LP) 33rpm US-7779-B-3 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - ANTHOLOGY OF THE BUES VOLUME 2
Reissued: - 1991 Virgin Records (CD) 500/200rpm V2-86295-14 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF RIDES AGAIN

07 - ''MY FRIENDS'' - B.M.I. - 2:57
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1969
First appearance: - United Superior (LP) 33rpm US-7779-B-4 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - ANTHOLOGY OF THE BUES VOLUME 2
Reissued: - 1991 Virgin Records (CD) 500/200rpm V2-86295-16 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF RIDES AGAIN

08 - ''I'M THE WOLF'' - B.M.I. - 3:02
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - February 12, 1952
Released: - 1969
First appearance: - United Superior (LP) 33rpm US-7779-A-2 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - ANTHOLOGY OF THE BUES VOLUME 2
Reissued: - 1991 Virgin Records (CD) 500/200rpm V2-86295-17 mono
HOWLIN' WOLF RIDES AGAIN

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Howlin' Wolf - Vocal & Harmonica
Ike Turner - Piano
Willie Johnson - Guitar
Willie Steele - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR JOE HILL LOUIS
AT  THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: SATURDAY FEBRUARY 23, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 - "DECORATION BLUES" - B.M.I. 
Composer: - Unknown Probably Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - February 23, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued - Tape Lost

02 - "ONE MORE DRINK" - B.M.I. 
Composer: - Unknown Probably Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - February 23, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued - Tape Lost

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Joe Hill Louis - Vocal, Guitar; more details unknown

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR WALTER BRADFORD
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: SATURDAY FEBRUARY 23, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 - "DREARY NIGHTS" - B.M.I. 
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - U 53
Recorded: - February 23, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued / Sun 176

02 - "NUTHIN' BUT THE BLUES" - B.M.I. 
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - U 54
Recorded: - February 23, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued / Sun 176

At this point we really should be writing about Sun 176 (''Dreary Night'' / ''Nuthin' But The Blues), but many people have spent many years searching for Sun 176 without finding it, and it seems fairly certain that it was scheduled but not pressed. Walter Bradford was a disc jockey in Forrest City, Arkansas and Phillips recorded him on February 23, 1952 with hopes and placing the titles with Chess. He noted the titles of three songs (the third being ''Five Days Rain''). After Chess rejected the recordings, Phillips slated ''Dreary Night''/''Nuthin' But The Blues'' for Sun's initial launch in April 1952. One day perhaps, one of the few acetates of Bradford's Sun 78 will show up, but this untitled song from a Memphis Recording Service acetate just might be half of one of the to missing songs. We know that acetates were made and shipped to disc jockeys locally but we do not know their fate. From what we can hear, this recording features the musicians listed by Phillips at the 'lost' February session. It is clearly Pat Hare on guitar, making this his first known recording. Could the lyrical pay-off have been dreary nights, or nuthin'  but the blues? Possibly. Something else entirely? Equally possible. Barring the discovery of a copy of Sun 176, we'll never know.

03 - "FIVE DAYS RAIN" - B.M.I. 
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - February 23, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued / Tape Lost

04 - "UNTITLED BLUES" - B.M.I. - 1:11
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None / Incomplete
Recorded: - February 23, 1952
Released: - March 8, 2013
First appearance: - Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-4-4 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

The incomplete as ''Untitled Blues'' may in fact be any one of the other three titles above, but this cannot determined from the lyrics

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Walter Bradford - Vocal
 Louis Calvin Hubert  - Piano
Pat Hare - Guitar
Jerry Lee Walker - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR JACK KELLY & WALTER HORTON
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: MONDAY FEBRUARY 25, 1952
STUDIO HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

Sam Phillips recorded the duo of harmonica player Walter Horton and jug band veteran Jack Kelly, who together had worked up two tunes. Marion Keisker wrote in her logbook: ''2/25/52, Session with Joe Hill, Jack Kelly and, cut several sides on tape''. (See session below). Best were with Jack Kelly doing vocal and Mumbles (Horton) on harmonica. Tentatively billed on these numbers as ''Little Walter'' with ''Jackie Boy''. Under Kelly's name, she wrote that two cuts were made that day, ''Sellin' My Stuff (Ain't Had A Drink)'', and ''Wanderin' Woman (Blues In My Condition)''.

01 - "BLUES IN MY CONDITION" B.M.I. 
Composer: - Jack Kelly-Walter Horton
Publisher: - Copyright Control - Promotional Copies Only
Matrix number: - None - Only Acetate - SUN 174 was never issued
Recorded: - February 25, 1952
Released: - March 1, 1952
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78rpm acetate SUN 174 mono
BLUES IN MY CONDITION / SELLIN' MY WHISKEY

Walter Horton and Jack Kelly were typical of the Delta bluesman who warmed to Sam Phillips' new recording climate. "Blues In My Condition, chosen from their various meanderings, was nominated as the first Sun single. However, due to an adverse reaction from area radio stations, the recording never made it past the promotional stage. Fortunately a fragment of the 'lower deck' survived, allowing the true beginnings of the Sun label to be represented, right at the moment of conception.

02 - "SELLING MY STUFF (WHISKEY)" - B.M.I. - 1:20
Composer: - Jack Kelly-Walter Horton
Publisher: - Copyright Control - Promotional Copies Only
Matrix number: - None - Only Acetate - Sun 174 was never issued
Incomplete a fragment of the "lower deck" survived
Recorded: - February 25, 1952
Released: - March 1, 1952
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78rpm acetate SUN 174 mono
SELLIN' MY WHISKEY / BLUES IN MY CONDITION
Reissued:  - 1996 Charly (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-7 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958


Although scheduled for release as SUN 175 (and labels printed accordingly) this never made it to the final furlong, being scrapped following a lack of positive audience reaction after an acetate dub had been aired on WHHM. Sadly, neither does a complete version of this track appear to have survived - hence its inclusion here in its (only-known) fragment ed form.

The song itself - with its oddly bowdlerize title - harks back to Kelly's South Memphis Jug Band, with its romping rhythm and good-time lyric. Its a shame to hear only this truncated  extract, and one can only speculate what Walter Horton might have brought to the original recording. 

Jack Kelly ^

On March 5, 1952, Sam Phillips sent dubs (acetates run off the master tape) of the tunes to Chess, inquiring whether they would be interested in releasing them. Chess said they would not. On March 8, Phillips made up a new set of dubs of "Blues In My Condition" and sent one to Memphis station WHHM, asking that it be aired as the introduction to the Sun label. The response was good enough to persuade him to ship the master for processing. "Sellin' My Stuff" was retitled "Sellin' My Whiskey" in anticipation of release, and the duo was dubbed Jackie Boy and Little Walter. By the time the stampers (the metal parts used in the manufacture of records) were shipped back from Shaw Processing, however, Sam Phillips had decided that Chess Records had been correct: the wasn't strong enough for release. The first Sun record, number SUN 174, was never issued.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Jack Kelly - Vocal and Piano
Walter Horton - Vocal, Harmonica and Kazoo
Joe Hill Louis - Guitar and Drums
Probably Will Batts - Fiddle


Laura Dukes, Will Batts, Milton Roby, and Robert Burse playing at a private white party in Memphis, Tennessee, early 1950s. >

Fiddler player Will Batts was born on January 24, 1904 in Michigan, Mississippi. A fiddler, Batts was the primary instrumentalist in Jack Kelly's South Memphis Jug Band, a popular string band whose music owed a heavy debt to the blues as well as minstrel songs, vaudeville numbers, reels and rags. Batts was working as a farm hand when he decided to pursue a career in music full-time.


Batts sooned joined Kelly's band, a fixture of the Beale Street area, and in 1933 they made their first recordings, followed in 1939 by a second and final session. Batts also backed a variety of other Memphis performers, including minstrel singer Frank Stokes. This 1952 session with Walter Horton was his last known recording date.  Will Batts continued to work in Memphis, Tennessee until his death in Memphis on February 18, 1956.

According to Robert Henry,  owner and Beale street connoisseur,  ''Well one of the jug band players is still livin' right in the rear of my place of business here; that's Son Brimmer. His name's Will Shade but we called him Son Brimmer. It was a joke - one time I had some people out of New York come to listen to the jug men. So they tol' me, the jug band did, ''All right, but all we need now is for us to have a few drinks so we be feelin' good.''. So they did and we went along to hear the jug men start makin' records. Well, but the boys were so drunk that they wasn't able to stand. The people out of New York lauged and said, ''Well, they wanted to feel good, but they feel too good. Well we have to leave you; this ain't the people we was lookin' for''! But since then Son Brimmer has made several records of the old timers. So it is not many of them is living yet of the original jug bands. We lost one about two years ago - Willie Batts. He had one of the biggest jug bands - and they usually carry from four to five pieces in the band. Made some records with Jack Kelly once; he was a blues man come up from Mississippi. Willie Batts that was. Most of them uses the can for the bass, there's hardly nothing else left in there for them! Some of them do use a jug. There's not much left of them now, but they was mostly men play for parties, picnics and things; elections, for people won a race, and parties of the kind''.

''People who drink and have a good time - mostly the jug band plays for that, they don't play for dances. So that's why the jug band is made for the people, understand me, to have a good time, people who is havin' parties. At one time Batts' Jug Band used to play for conventions at Peabody Hotel. That's our biggest hotel. So we had a jubilee... to entertain the people. Most of the people - it was a hardware convention - was out of the East. So I went downstairs to send the people home in a taxi and when I got back upstairs the jug band had a hat down in the middle of the Peabody Hotel ballroom. But the money was piled in the hat, so I said, 'Well you-all ain't gettin' paid tonight for your act, I'm cuttin' in with you. Because you've got to much money in that hat there. You expect to draw ten dollars for your work'! Aw, it was fun. They played the Peabody for a night or so at a time. I used to book the jug bands on the jobs, but I'd always notify the people who they were workin' for, to be particular about them drinkin' because if they showed they'd got a bottle of whiskey they'd have a bunch of drunken people on they hands. Now they like to play but they sure like to get drunk. So you watch for the jug bands. When they don't get drunk, there's not much pep in them. But they really likes to drink that hooch''.

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POSSIBLY STUDIO SESSION FOR JOE & JACK
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: PROBABLY MONDAY FEBRUARY 25, 1952
STUDIO HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

No Details

01 – ''YOUR CONSTANTLY''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None Sun Unissued
Recorded: - Probably February 25, 1952

02 – ''AT THE END OF THE PRAYER''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None Sun Unissued
Recorded: - Probably February 25, 1952

03 – ''MY BABY LOVES ME''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None Sun Unissued
Recorded: - Probably February 25, 1952

04 – ''MY ONE AND ONLY YOU''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None Sun Unissued
Recorded: - Probably February 25, 1952

05 – ''SO EASY''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None Sun Unissued
Recorded: - Probably February 25, 1952

06 – ''LOVE YOU LIKE YOU WANT''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None Sun Unissued
Recorded: - Probably February 25, 1952

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Joe Hill Louis – Vocals, Guitar & Drums
Jack Kelly – Vocals - Piano
Probably Walter Horton - Harmonica & Kazoo

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FEBRUARY 22, 1952 FRIDAY

Columbia released George Morgan's ''Almost''.

FEBRUARY 23, 1952 SATURDAY

Del Wood makes her Grand Ole Opry debut,  at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee.

Aerosmith guitarist Brad Whitford is born in Winchester, Massachusetts. The rock band scores a major pop hit in 1998 with ''I Don't Want To Miss A Thing'', which Mark Chesnutt immediately remakes for the country charts.

''Here Come The Nelsons'' debuts in movie theaters, the first film to feature future country star Ricky Nelson.

FEBRUARY 24, 1952 SUNDAY

Songwriter Cole Porter, who co-wrote Gene Autry's country hit ''Don't Fence Me In'' is honored with a two-hour tribute on CBS-TV ''Toast Of The Town'', later known as ''The Ed Sullivan Show''.

FEBRUARY 25, 1952 MONDAY

Burl Ives recorded a cover version of Hank Thompson's ''Wild Side Of Life'' with guitarist Grady Martin And His Slew Foot Five.

Jackie Boy and Little Walter recorded ''Blues In My Condition'' and ''Sellin' My Stuff'' (Sun 174) at the Sun Recording Studio in Memphis with producer Sam Phillips. The tracks make up the very first single release by the Sun label.

FEBRUARY 26, 1952 TUESDAY

Singer/songwriter Chris Wall is born in Los Angeles, California. He writes Confederate Railroad's ''Trashy Women''.

Songwriter Gary Burr is born in Meridan, Connecticut. Among his credits, Conway Twitty's ''That's My Job'', Patty Loveless ''I Try To Think About Elvis'', LeAnn Rimes ''Nothin' 'Bout Love Make Sense'' and ''Tim McGraw's ''Can't Be Really Gone''.

FEBRUARY 29, 1952 FRIDAY

Webb Pierce recorded ''That Heart Belongs'' during the afternoon at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

MARCH 1952

Sam Phillips' recordings of Harmonica Frank's "Howlin' Tomcat"/"She Done Moved" (Chess  1494) and Bob Price's "How Can It Be"/"Sticks And Stones" (Chess 1495) are released.

Sam Phillips records young local saxophonist Johnny London and offers the dubs to Chess  Records, who refuse them. They are subsequently scheduled as the first release on Sun  Records. Johnny London had found his way to the studio almost by accident. ''We saw the studio and wanted to record'', he told music historian Rob Bowman, ''so we went over and talked to Sam Phillips''. Sam was intrigued by the four high school musicians, all of whom had come under the influence of Melrose High School music director Tuff Green, a veteran Memphis musician and band leader who played bass with B.B. King, Rosco Gordon, and the Newborns, among others. They did some demo sessions, and then according to London, ''Sam fell in love with what we were doing, and he decided that he'd hire' us''.

Acetates of SUN 174 and 175 are aired on radio WHHM, introducing the new label. Sam  Phillips cuts two further sessions on Joe Hill Louis, yielding "When I'm Gone (She Treats Me  Mean And Evil", the cut with which the Chess brothers will launch their newly-formed  Checker subsidiary.

Chess Records belatedly release Billy Love's "Drop Top" (Chess 1508).

MARCH 1, 1952 SATURDAY

Sun Records announced its first commercial release (SUN 174) "Blues In My Condition"/"Sellin' My  Whiskey" by Jackie Boy and Little Walter, the decision had already been made not to release it. Not  everyone understood why Sam Phillips pulled this record at the last minute. It was probably due to fear of  failure.  "Sam couldn't get the saxophone solo out of his mind", Marion Keisker remembered.

Faron Young holds his first recording session for Capitol Records in Nashville's Castle Studio, cutting the self-penned ''Tattle Tale Tears''.

Uncle Dave Macon makes his final appearance on the Grand Ole Opry,  at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee.

''The Last Musketeer'' appears in movie theaters, with Rex Allen and Slim Pickens in the starring roles. Woodwind player Darol Rice is part of the band, and Foy Willing writes one of the picture's song.

MARCH 4, 1952 TUESDAY

Ernest Tubb and his second wife, Olene, welcome their second daughter, Olene Gayle Tubb.

Decca released a cover of ''Wild Side Of Life'' by Burl Ives and guitarist Grady Martin And His Slew Foot Five''.

MARCH 5, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Keyboard player Alan Clark is born in Durham, England. In 1982, he becomes a member of the Mark Knopfler rockband Dire Straits, who orginate the future country hits ''The Bug'' and ''When It Comes To You''.

EARLY 1952

Leonard Chess called Sam Phillips and told him he would not be purchasing any more master tapes.  When Phillips asked why, Chess stated that the big-selling hits like Jackie Brenston's "Rocket 88" were  no longer coming from the Memphis Recording Service. In reality, Leonard Chess, as the Bihari brothers  would do later that year, was trying to save money by recording the artist in local studios himself.

When Leonard Chess informed Sam Phillips that he would not be purchasing any more master tapes from  the Memphis Recording Service, Phillips reacted angrily. It appeared that his friends were forcing him out  of the record business. "I knew what it was like to be cheated", remarked Phillips. "Tenacity is one thing  and I have that". Leonard Chess called back and attempted to save their friendship. It was too late.


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STUDIO SESSION FOR ROSCO GORDON
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR RPM RECORDS 1952

MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: PROBABLY EARLY MARCH 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 – ''NO MORE DOGGIN''' – B.M.I. - 3:11
Composer: - Rosco Gordon-Jules Taub
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1786
Recorded: - Early March 1952
Released: - March 22, 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 350-A mono
NO MORE DOGGIN' / MARIA
Reissued: - Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 694-1 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE BEST OF THE RPM YEARS

''I got a girlfriend, Pete'', said recalled Rosco Gordon. ''I took her with me to the dance. I meet another girl,  Peggy. So Pete's sitting on the piano stool beside me. So I know her time is up. So I begin to sing, 'No more  diggin', fooling around with you...'. Told the tenor player to take it up. And the next day we made the record  ''No More Diggin'''. Ike Turner set up the thing at Tuff Green's house because of the Bihari Brothers' spats  with Sam Phillips and Chess. I did ''No More Diggin'''and B.B. King did ''Three O'Clock Blues'' the same  day.

02 – ''MARIA'' – B.M.I. - 2:34
Composer: - Rosco Gordon
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1787
Recorded: - Early March 1952
Released: - March 22, 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 350-A mono
MARIA / NO MORE DOGGIN'
Reissued: - Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 694-10 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE BEST OF THE RPM YEARS

03 – ''NEW ORLEANS WIMMEN'' – B.M.I. - 2:34
Composer: - Rosco Gordon-Jules Taub
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1845
Recorded: - Probably Early March 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 358 mono
NEW ORLEANS WIMMEN / I REMEMBER YOUR KISSES
Reissued: - 1998 Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 694-11 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE BEST OF THE RPM YEARS

04 – ''I REMEMBER YOUR KISSES'' – B.M.I. - 3:03
Composer: - Rosco Gordon-Jules Taub
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1841
Recorded: - Probably Early March 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: -  First appearance: RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 358 mono
I REMEMBER YOUR KISSES / NEW ORLEANS WIMMEN
Reissued: - 1998 Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 694-12 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE BEST OF THE RPM YEARS

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Rosco Gordon - Vocal & Piano
Probably The Beale Streeters:
Ike Turner - Piano
Bobby Bland - Guitar
Billy Duncan - Saxophone
Earl Forrest - Drums

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© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

The record that finally got Sun off the ground was cut a week after the Walter Horton and Jack Kelly session, by a sixteen-year-old alto saxophonist named Johnny London. He recorded two tunes on the afternoon; the better was an original instrumental, "Drivin' Slow". Sam Phillips ran dubs for Dewey Phillips, who aired them on WHBQ the same night to test the reaction. Four days later, Phillips sent dubs to Chess - which rejected them. On March 8, 1952 he brought London back into the studio to recut "Drivin' Slow" and sent out another set of dubs to local disc jockey's to test out his hunch that Chess was wrong. Obviously encouraged, Sam Phillips shipped the masters for processing two days later, together with the Jackie Boy and Little Walter cuts. By the time the stampers arrived back, he had decided to place all his energy behind "Drivin' Slow". The first records were pressed on March 27, 1952, and the Sun label made its low-key debut that day.

STUDIO SESSION FOR JOHNNY LONDON
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: MARCH 1 OR 8, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER


This, of course, was the first Sun record to actually make it into the stores. London was a local rhythm and blues/jazz musician who walked in off the street to cut some demo's, and in time-honoured fashion was promptly snapped up by Sam Phillips. His haunting, sinewy alto sax is heard to great advantage here: with minimal support from tenor sax player Charles Keel and pianist Joe Hall, London unfurls a tortuous improvisation, drenched in the blues. Sam Phillips achieved a recording balance here which contrives to create the illusion that London is playing in the next apartment - all of which adds to the disc's "after hours" charm.


It was indeed a brave step releasing and instrumental as the first offering on Sun in April 1952, but the record actually topped several of the local charts, in particular, WHBQ.

A copy of the 78rpm was mounted and remained affixed to the studio entrance at 706 Union for many years. London's principal recollection of the session is that Sam Phillips had holes in his shoes when he put his feet up on the desk! "man, he was scuffing!".

01(1) - "DRIVIN' SLOW"** - B.M.I. - 2:58
Composer: - Johnny London
Publisher: - Hi Lo Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - U 51 - Master
Recorded: - March 8, 1952
Released: - April 1952
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78rpm standard single SUN 175 mono
DRIVIN' SLOW / FLAT TIRE
Reissued:- 1994 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15801-1-2 mono
THE SUN SINGLES COLLECTION - VOLUME 1

01(2) - "DRIVIN' SLOW"** - 2 - B.M.I. - 2:19
Composer: - Johnny London
Publisher: - Hi Lo Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - March 8, 1952
Released: - 1990
First appearance: - Charly Records  (CD) 500/200rpm CD SUN 38-18 mono
THE SUN BLUES ARCHIVES - VOLUME 6 - TOO BLUE TO CRY

The young 'alto wizard saxophone' Johnny London was a member of Joe Hall's popular local jazz group. The very first Sun record to hit the streets in early 1952 was a poor predictor of what lay ahead. SUN 175 was a curious record by any reckoning. London's alto sax was supported by minimal riffing from tenor sax player Charles Keel. Keel's lines, especially on "Drivin' Slow" might ordinarily have been supplied by a guitar player. But no one ever accused Sun Records or Sam Phillips, for that matter, of being ordinary. London's bluesy improvisation is recorded in a sea of echo that creates the illusion that this performance is coming from the next apartment. London always cited Charlie Parker as his major influence, but on the evidence here he's more within honking distance of Earl Bostic or Lynn Hope.

02 - "FLAT TIRE"** - B.M.I. - 2:28
Composer: - Johnny London
Publisher: - Hi Lo Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - U 52 - Master
Recorded: - March 8, 1952
Released: - April 1952
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78rpm standard single SUN 175 mono
FLAT TIRE / DRIVIN' SLOW
Reissued: - 1994 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15801-1-1 mono
THE SUN SINGLES COLLECTION - VOLUME 1

03 - "WHEN I LOST MY BABY''*
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - Probably March 1, 1952

The first "official" session was probably on March 1, 1952: London's combo played a   version of "Drivin' Slow" and also backed Phillips' wife on "When I Lost My Baby". Sam   Phillips was excited with the results and made acetate dubs of both sides, which he rushed   over to disc jockey Dewey Phillips at WHBQ. Dewey played them the same evening, and   Sam cut masters the following day. On March 5 sent dubs by Air Express to Leonard Chess   in Chicago.

''Sam just knew I liked to sing on ''When I Lost My Baby'', Becky recalled years later. ''I can't remember the song exactly but I remember the beat of it''.


he 16-year-old London's principal attribute was his lung power: beyond that his technique was basically unremarkable - which is proved on this track, which like the A-side, has no real theme. Phillips' "down the hall, round the corner, by the ice-machine" echo chamber effect on London's alto sax means that Charles Keel's tenor, monotonously honking out its boogie pattern, distracts the ear from what is supposed to be the main interest. When he isn't emitting long wailing single notes, London's lack of invention sounds as flat as the tyre in the title. This is particularly true of the last choruses, which consist of minimal variations based around the root note and end on a desperate seventh.

Session data Johnny London ^

An undated entry in Sam Phillips' check register notes that he paid Plastic Products $135. For most of the 1950s, Plastic Products charged $0,135 per pressing so it seems as Phillips ordered one thousand copies of the first Sun Record.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Becky Phillips - Vocal*
Joe Louis Hall - Piano
Johnny London - Alto Saxophone**
Charles Keel - Tenor Saxophone
Julius Drake - Drums

Even on this first release, all the hallmarks, of a Sam Phillips Sun record were in place: the raw sound, the experimental origin, the dark texture, even the trademark echo. Phillips and London created the illusion of a sax heard down a long hallway on a humid night by rigging something like a telephone booth over London's head while he played. The record's appeal had more to do with feeling than virtuosity - in short, it offered everything music buyers could expect from Sun for the remainder of the decade. A copy of "Drivin' Slow", was mounted on  the studio wall near the door after its release, where it remained until the old studio was closed in 1959.

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MARCH 1952

Johnny London's haunting and almost themeless improvisation it onto some local charts, by  the rewards for Phillips were meager. He released a mediocre blues record by Forrest City,  Arkansas, disc jockey Walter Bradford at the same time, and then temporarily folded the Sun  label to contend with a new set of problems.  The first concerned the company's name. Another Sun label had been founded in  Albuquerque, New Mexico, at about the same time, and there was a dispute over the right to  the name.


''Sun'' had been used before, by a Yiddish record company in New York during the  1940s, and by a Detroit label that had come and gone in 1947, but the Albuquerque label  posed a more direct problem.  The trade magazines never reported the outcome of the  dispute, but it's safe to assume that Phillips won, by default if nothing else.

A bigger problem was posed by Mattis and Fitzgerald's Duke label, which looked set to steal  much of Phillips' thunder. They began by recording Roscoe Gordon, who was still under  contract to the Biharis. Then Mattis signed a local pianist, John Alexander, whom he dubbed  Johnny Ace. His first record, ''My Song'', became a number 1 Rhythm & Blues hit,  comfortably outselling every record that had emerged from Memphis since ''Rocket 88''. In  the wake of Ace's success, Mattis signed Bobby Bland, whom Phillips had recorded briefly for  Chess, and Duke seemed poised to become a big factor in the rhythm and blues market. But,  again, success brought more problems than rewards. In July 1952, unable to collect on their  shipments of Johnny Ace records, Mattis and Fitzgerald were forced to sell most of their  interests in the label to Don Robey at Peacock Records in Houston

As a Memphis-based entity, Duke Records had come and gone in a matter of months. Lester  Bihari's Meteor label, on the other hand, was better equipped to survive. It had the Biharis'  expertise and distribution network behind it, although it was technically separate from  RPM/Modern. Launched during the last days of 1952, Meteor began on a higher note than  Sun: its just release, ''I Believe'' by Elmore James, cracked the national Rhythm & Blues  charts in February 1953.

Phillips knew that he must infuse Sun with both capital and instant expertise if he was to  relaunch the label with success comparable to that of Duke and Meteor while avoiding the  problems that had beset Duke Records. Fortunately, he was able to solicit instant expertise  from Nashville in the form of Jim Bulleit (pronounced ''Bu-lay'' by Bulleit himself but ''Bullet''  by everyone else). Bulleit had been a pioneer in the independent record business in  Nashville, recording a variety of music for the Bullet label, which he co-owned. That label  had scored one of the biggest hits of 1947 with Francis Craig's ''Near You'', shortly before  Bulleit was forced out.

''Jim'd had hits that were real door-openers for independent labels'', recalled Phillips. ''He  really helped me an awful lost as much as understanding what the problems were and could  be, and he gave me most of the early insight into what I was confronted with, and that was  frightening in Sun, also handled Phillips' music publishing. With his help, Sun was relaunched  in January 1953 with three singles by local musicians, followed closely by the first classic  recording on the Sun label.

MARCH 8, 1952 SATURDAY

Radio station WHHM played the songs by Jackie Boy, Little Walter and Johnny London. It was the public   response to these dubs which further persuaded Sam Phillips to release Johnny London's "Drivin' Slow".   By giving local disc jockey’s acetate dubs of key songs, Sam Phillips could estimate sales before he   pressed copies of a record. In this way he could save money by pressing only those records he believed   would sell.

MARCH 11, 1952 TUESDAY

Hank Williams leads a Grand Ole Opry road show at the Municipal Auditorium in Jackson, Mississippi. The audience includes Billy Ray Raynolds, who will play guitar on numerous Waylon Jennings hits, including ''Are You Sure Hank Done It This Way''.

MARCH 14, 1952 FRIDAY

Columbia released Ray Price's ''Talk To Your Heart''.

MARCH 17, 1952 MONDAY

Susie Allanson is born in Minneapolis, Minnesota. An original cast member of ''Jesus Christ Superstar'', she collects four Top 10 country records in the mid-1970s, including remakes of Buddy Holly's ''Maybe Baby'' and ''The Bee Gees' ''Words''.

MARCH 18, 1952 TUESDAY

Gene Autry fights corruption among the Texas Rangers in the debut of ''Night Stage To Galveston'' with Pat Buttram in a supporting role.


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Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR DRIFTING SLIM,
SUNNY BLAIR  & BABY FACE TURNER
FOR RPM/MODERN/METEOR RECORDS 1952

MARTIN SCROGGIN'S MUSIC CENTER
106 WEST WASHINGTON AVENUE, NORTH LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS
STUDIO SESSION: MONDAY MARCH 21, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER 
AND/OR MARTIN SCROGGIN

Back on the road again, Ike Turner turned up at Martin Scroggin's record shop and music center, located at 106 West Washington Avenue in North Little Rock, Arkansas. Ike had rounded up the local talent who had performed as a band and played regularly. Each member (except the drummer) got the opportunity to shine while Ike held it together on piano. The star turn was guitarist Baby Face Turner who on ''Blue Serenade'' adopts the Elmore James riff and ''Gonna Let You Go'' is his take of ''Worried Life Blues''. He reserves his best playing, however, for Drifting Slim's ''Good Morning Baby'' with excellent Muddy Waters style slide. The band up the tempo on Slim's roll and tumble themed ''My Sweet Woman'' and on Sunny Blair's ''Please Send My Baby'', a version of John Lee ''Sonny Boy'' Williamson's ''Step Back Baby''. Blair's side was issued on the Bihari's Memphis based subsidiary Meteor Records operated by Lester Bihari, with the flip side being a second release of Baby Face Turner's ''Gonna Let You Go''.

01 - ''GOOD MORNING BABY''* - B.M.I. - 2:51
Composer: -  Elmon Mickle 
Publisher: - Universal Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1874
Recorded: - March 21, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 370 mono
GOOD MORNING BABY / MY SWEET BABY
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-22 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

02 - ''MY SWEET BABY''* - B.M.I. - 2:55
Composer: - Jules Taub-Elmon Mickle
Publisher: - Universal Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1875
Recorded: - March 21, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: -  RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 370 mono
MY SWEET BABY / GOOD MORNING BABY
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-23 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

03 - ''PLEASE SEND MY BABY BACK (STEP BACK BABY)''** - B.M.I. - 2:17
Composer: - Sonny Boy Williamson
Publisher: - Wabash Music Company
Matrix number: - MM 1878
Recorded: - March 21, 1952
Released: - 1953
First appearance: - Meteor Records (S) 78rpm Meteor 5006 mono
PLEASE SEND MY BABY BACK / GONNA LET YOU GO
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-24 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

04 - ''BLUE SERENADE''*** - B.M.I. - 2:40
Composer: - Edgar Turner
Publisher: Universal Music Publishing
Matrix number - MM 1876 - Take 2
Recorded: - March 21, 1952
Released: - 1953
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 882 mono
BLUE SERENADE / GONNA LET YOU GO
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-13 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

05 - ''GONNA LET YOU GO''*** - B.M.I. - 2:03
Composer: - Jules Taub-Ike Turner
Publisher: - Universal Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1877
Recorded: - March 21, 1952
Released: - 1953
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 882/Meteor 5006 mono
GONNA LET YOU GO / BLUE SERENADE
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-14 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Elmon Mickle (Drifting Slim) - Vocal *
Sunny Blair (Sullivan Jackson) - Vocal ** & Harmonica
Ike Turner - Piano
Edgar ''Baby Face'' Turner - Vocal *** & Guitar
Bill Russell - Drums
Unknown Vocal Interjection ''My Sweet Baby''

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


MARCH 21, 1952 FRIDAY

Nine months after he began his Rhythm and Blues show on radio WJW at Cleveland Arena, 3717 Euclid  Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, disc jockey Alan Freed felt the time was right to whip up the emerging scene  with a big live event. He assembled a lineup that included the Dominoes, Tiny Grimes and His  Highlanders, Danny Cobb, and Varetta Dillard for a show to take place at this hockey rink. A day before  the gig, some 2,000 of the 13,000 tickets were unsold, so on the eve of this show Freed enthusiastically  promoted what he called the Moondog Coronation Ball over the air. Some 10,000 young people, most of  them black, turned up for the extra tickets. As soon as the first act, Paul Williams and His Hucklebuckers,  hit the stage, a massive crowd broke down the doors, and the police were kept busy for the remainder of  the evening.

The media accused Freed of deliberately overselling the show, with some papers calling for him to be  dumped in jail. The most vociferous criticism came from the city's black newspaper, the Cleveland Call  and Post, whose editorial denounced the music as "gut bucket blues", referred to the "weed-smoking  elements that crashed the doors", and accused Freed of building his act on a "foundation of immorality,  vulgar suggestion, and hidden indecency". Proving that all publicity is good publicity, Freed's radio show  got syndicated throughout the Northwest and mid-West, and his concert became better managed and more  popular. He later assembled a 23-piece orchestra to back the musicians, and regularly included the  Cleveland-based quintet the Moonglows, a band he managed himself, as well as the Drifters, Joe Turner,  and Fats Domino.

The Cleveland Arena also hosted a 1972 fund-raiser for George McGovern's presidential campaign  featured James Taylor and Paul Simon, soon after the latter's split with Art Garfunkel. The building is  now gone, and the local Red Cross headquarters is here.

MARCH 22, 1952 SATURDAY

Rosco Gordon's new rhythm and blues record released, ''No More Doggin'' b/w ''Maria'' (RPM 350/RPM   496), Rosco Gordon's follow-up to "Booted", is issued. Meanwhile, on March 15 the Chess recording of   "Booted" tops the Rhythm and Blues charts.

Uncle Dave Macon dies at Rutherford Hospital in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The singer/songwriter-comedian/banjo player became one of the Grand Ole Opry's first members while in his 50s, entering the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1966.

MARCH 24, 1952 MONDAY

Columbia released Marty Robbins' debut single, ''Love Me Or Leave Me Alone''.

MARCH 26, 1952 WEDNESDAY

NBC's ''The Kate Smith Evening Hour'' presents a package of country guests; The Carter Sisters, Ray Acuff and Hank Williams, who performs ''Hey, Good Lookin'''and ''I Saw The Light''.

MARCH 27, 1952 THURSDAY

Sam Phillips' Sun Records released its first record (Sun 174), ''Blues In My Condition'' and ''Sellin' My Stuff'' by Jackie Boy and Little Walter.  Sam Phillips also pressed one thousand copies at a cost of $135 of Johnny London's Sun Record (Sun 175). It's hard to know what became of the other two releases, most likely they were never pressed, let alone issued, but Johnny's was given Sun catalogue number 175, with Jack Kelly and Walter Horton's collaboration (as Jackie Boy and Little Walter) assigned the arbitrary starting position of 174, and Walter Bradford and the Big City Four following as Sun 176. Of the four missing tracks, just one minute of the A-side of the Jack Kelly single has survived, a rollicking but somewhat nondescript jug band number called ''Sellin' My Stuff''. From the evidence of a later recording session, the Walter Bradford record was probably no more distinctive, and one can only surmise that after test-marketing the acetates on various local radio programs, including Walter Bradford's own radio show in Forrest City, Sam simply, and altogether uncharacteristically, lost his nerve.

Even if that is the case, however, the one single that Sam did issue, made up of Johnny London's two instrumentals, is no less problematic. The B-side, ''Flat Tire'', is little more than a cute, conventional blues tricked up with a very odd sound in which London's alto lead sounds as if it's coming from an echoey cave far, far away. On ''Drivin' Slow'' the sound is no less odd, but much closer at hand, as Johnny plays a harsh, almost sonically distorted lead while the tenor plays a bluesy riff over and over in the background and the piano supplies steady support. From what Johnny has said, there seems little question that Sam knew what he was looking for. He made them do it over and over until ''he found the sound that he wanted'', a ''hollow sound'' that, Johnny was certain, he had never tried before. ''He created a chamber that he didn't have, something similar to a telephone booth. It was a home-made thing, 8' by 4', something like that''.

The real question is why. It's a pleasant enough blues, and according to Johnny London it got a lot of airplay in Memphis as well as booking dates for the band. But even by Sam Phillips' standards it was weird, not so much unique as just plain weird, and more to the point it was far from the straightahead blues with which one might have thought Sam Phillips would want to inaugurate his new label. ''I never heard Sam speak about this; in all the years I knew him, and all our far-ranging conversations'', said Peter Guralnick, ''I never heard him bring up this record, or any of the first three scheduled releases on the Sun label. The most I ever heard him say, when I asked about ''Drivin' Slow'' directly, was that he knew that ''as an instrumental number it would be more difficult to sell. Nor am I aware of any other interviews in which he explained his reasoning''.

Sam Phillips promptly scheduled new  recording sessions for Joe Hill Louis and Rosco Gordon. In the end, it appears that Phillips opted for a  more mellow, middle-of-the-road record as Sun's first release. With pride in his eyes and a smile on his  face, Sam Phillips mounted Sun Record number 175 on his wall. The Sun sound, which would  revolutionize rock and roll, was on its way.  Sam Phillips officially starting operations of Sun Records.

MARCH 28, 1952 FRIDAY

MGM released Hank Williams' ''Half As Much''.

Pee Wee King recorded ''Busybody'' during a late-morning session at the RCA Studios in New York.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR JOE HILL LOUIS
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: MONDAY MARCH 31, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 - "ONE MORE DRINK" - B.M.I.
Composer: - Unknown Possible Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - March 31, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued - Tape Lost

02 - "SHE TREATS ME MEAN AND EVIL"* - B.M.I. - 3:42
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - C 1036A
Recorded: - March 31, 1952
Released: - November 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm Checker 763 mono
WHEN I'M GONE (SHE TREATS ME MEAN AND EVIL) / WHEN I'M GONE
Reissued: - 1992 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15524-1 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - THE BE-BOP BOY

This is in fact the full-length take of this track, Checker having released an edited version. A slow, menacing blues, driven along by some serious "back in the alley" - styled guitar with the thumping drummer Nolan Hall, this is among the nastiest of Joe Hill Louis' blues sides - quite unlike the more genial ebullience for which he was rather better-known.

03 - "WHEN I'M GONE"** - B.M.I. - 3:45
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - C 1036 A
Recorded: - March 31, 1952
Released: - November 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm Checker 763 mono
WHEN I'M GONE / WHEN I'M GONE / DOROTHY MAE
Reissued: - 1986 Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956

The latter is actually quite an inferior performance with a tortuously slow boogie guitar break that goes out of tune at the ninth bar. Joe had a habit of doing this on slow numbers but none had reached release before. It appeared simultaneously with a Phillips produced record Checker. This was period of change as Phillips shifted a tough combo outing with Joe only on guitar for ''Dorothy Mae'. '' 'When I'm Gone'' features Joe's dangerously amplified guitar accompanied only by the insistent thud of his bass drum.

04 - "WHEN I'M GONE"*** - B.M.I.
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - March 31, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Rhino Records (LP) 33rpm R2 70962-15 mono
BLUES FLAMES - A SUN BLUES COLLECTION

05 - "WHEN I AM GONE" - B.M.I. - 3:45
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - C 1036 A Edited version
Recorded: - March 31, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm standard single Checker 763 mono
WHEN I AM GONE / DOROTHY MAE
Reissued: - 1992 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15524-1 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - THE BE-BOP BOY

06 - "I'M GOING OVER THE SEA" - B.M.I.
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - March 31, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued - Tape Lost

Only the very end of an untitled boogie still exists on tape and while it appears to be from a fast instrumental, it could be from a vocal, and possible a remnant of "One More Drink".

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Joe Hill Louis - Vocal and Guitar
Nolan Hall – Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


Session Published for Historical Reasons

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR LITTLE JUNIOR PARKER,
BOBBY BLUE BLAND & IKE TURNER
FOR MODERN/RPM RECORDS

UNKNOWN LOCATION AND STUDIO
WEST MEMPHIS, ARKANSAS
STUDIO SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE APRIL 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER
AND/OF JOE BIHARI

In April 1952, Ike Turner was one busy cat, recording with eight artists, himself included. The sessions produced 8 singles of extraordinary diversity. First up, Ike was back in the big city for a couple of sessions and appropriately, the sound is far more sophisticated. The first session was split between Herman ''Little Junior'' Parker and Bobby Bland both ably supported by the exceptional guitar of Matt ''Guitar'' Murphy: two great singers, two great instrumentalists, two great singles. Ike gets a turn in front of the microphone on his own single ''You're Driving Me Insane'' b/w ''Trouble And Heartaches'' recorded at with Ben Burton's band. Here the sound is heavier with a full horn section employed. ''You're driving me insane'', Ike's croons to a tune reminiscent of Tampa Red's ''It Hurts Me Too'' while ''Trouble And Heartaches'' rolls along and is squarely based on Roy Milton's 1946, number 2 rhythm and blues hit ''RM Blues''.

01 - ''YOU'RE MY ANGEL''* - B.M.I. - 1:57
Composer: - Jules Taub-Herman Parker
Publisher: Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1809
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 864 mono
YOU'RE MY ANGEL / BAD WOMEN BAD WHISKEY
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-26 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

02 - ''BAD WOMEN BAD WHISKEY* - B.M.I. - 3:01
Composer: - Jules Taub-Herman Parker
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: MM 1810
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 864 mono
BAD WOMEN BAD WHISKEY / YOU'RE MY ANGEL
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-25 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

03 – ''DRIFTING FROM TOWN TO TOWN''** – B.M.I. - 3:03
Composer: - Jules Taub-Robert Bland
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1825
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - June 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 868-A mono
DRIFTING FROM TOWN TO TOWN / GOOD LIVIN'
Reissued: - 2011 Jasmine Records (CD) 500/200rpm JASCD 564-5 mono
BOBBY BLAND - IT'S MY LIFE, BABY

04 – ''GOOD LOVIN'''** – B.M.I. - 2:23
Composer: - Jules Taub-Robert Bland
Published: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1826
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - June 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 868-B mono
GOOD LOVIN' / DRIFTING FROM TOWN TO TOWN
Reissued: - 2011 Jasmine Records (CD) 500/200rpm JASCD 564-6 mono
BOBBY BLAND - IT'S MY LIFE, BABY

05 - ''YOU'RE DRIVING ME INSANE''*** - B.M.I - 2:21
Composer: - Jules Taub-Ike Turner
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: MM 1833
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 356 mono
YOU'RE DRIVING ME INSANE / TROUBLE AND HEARTACHES
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-29 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

06 - ''TROUBLE AND HEARTACHES''*** - B.M.I. - 2:35 
Composer: - Jules Taub-Ike Turner
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: MM 1834
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 356 mono
TROUBLE AND HEARTACHES / YOU'RE DRIVING ME INSANE
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-1 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No Of Instruments)
Bobby Bland – Vocal & Guitar**
Little Junior Parker - Vocal & Guitar*
Ike Turner - Vocal & Piano***
Matt Murphy - Guitar
L.C. Dranes - Drums
Ben Burton - Bass
Raymond Hill - Saxophone *

Ben Burton Orchestra:
Unknown - Saxophones
Unknown - Trumpet

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


APRIL 1952

Sun Records is launched on a local basis with a single by Johnny London (''Drivin' Slow'' b/w ''Flat Tire'' (Sun 175) and possibly Walter Bradford ''Dreary Nights'' b/w ''Nothin' But The Blues'' (Sun 176) though no copies of the latter are known to have survived. Phillips' log book and check register show that no order for Sun 176 was made to Shaw record manufacturing where #175 was plated or to Plastic Products where #175 was pressed.

Phillips is still involved in producing sessions for licence to other labels and does not concentrate on developing a distribution network for Sun. The label soon becomes inactive.

Sam Phillips records further sessions on Rufus Thomas and Howlin' Wolf for Chess Records.  He unsuccessfully pitches acetates by Elven Parr's In The Groove Boys and Sleepy John Estes  to Chess, although they do accept a Willie Nix session for their Checker subsidiary.

Duke Records is started in Memphis by James Mattis and Bill Fitzgerald, who launch with a  single by Rosco Gordon, "Tell Daddy"/"Hey Fat Girl" (Duke 101). Naturally enough, the Biharis  will take legal action against Duke, but not for a couple of months.

APRIL 2, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Bass player Leon Wilkeson is born in Jacksonville, Florida. He joins the rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd, whose ''Sweet Home Alabama'' is credited among country's 500 greatest singles in the Country Music Foundation book ''Heartaches By The Number''.

APRIL 4, 1952 FRIDAY

Lefty Frizell recorded ''Forever (And Always)'' at Dallas' Jim Beck Studio.

APRIL 5, 1952 SATURDAY

Rosco Gordon's ''No More Doggin'' (RPM 350) enters the Billboard Rhythm & Blues Chart and peaks at number 2 in a 15-week stay (number 18 rhythm and blues record of 1952).

Studio session with Sleepy John Estes at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis,  Tennessee.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR BONNIE & IKE TURNER
FOR RPM/MODERN RECORDS 1952

TUFF GREEN'S HOUSE
1293 QUINN AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE APRIL 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER

Back at Tuff Green's house at 1293 Quinn Avenue in Memphis, Ike Turner cut two singles with Bonnie Turner. As Mary Sue, she cut ''Everybody's Talking b/w ''Love Is A Gamble'' and in duet with Ike as Bonnie and Ike Turner they recorded ''My Heart Belongs To You'' b/w ''Looking For My Baby''. Bonnie was Ike's then third wife, and Ike still only 21! The marriage didn't last too long but at least to August 1953 when they recorded again at Sam Phillips' Sun studio at 706 Union Avenue on August 2. Significantly, Bonnie was a pianist which allowed Ike to take on the guitar duties in his band. He was taking lessons from guitarist, Earl Hooker (who he would later record for Blue Thumb Records) and Willie Kizart, the ''Rocket 88'' guitarist. However, with his guitar skills not yet up to scratch, on these recordings Ike is still at the piano.

01 - ''EVERYBODY'S TALKING'' - B.M.I. - 2:51
Composer: - Joe Josea-Ike Turner
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number; - MM 1859
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 880 mono
EVERYBODY'S TALKING / LOVE IS A GAMBLE
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-11 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

02 - ''LOVE IS A GAMBLE'' - B.M.I. - 3:06
Composer: - Ike Turner
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - MM 1860
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 880 mono
LOVE IS A GAMBLE / EVERYBODY'S TALKING
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-12 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

03 - ''MY HEART BELONGS TO YOU'' - B.M.I. - 2:51
Composer: - Arbee Stidham
Publisher: - Carlin Music Corporation
Matrix number: - MM 1863
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 362 mono
MY HEART BELONGS TO YOU / LOOKING FOR MY BABY
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-5 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

04 - ''LOOKING FOR MY BABY'' - 1 - B.M.I. - 2:30
Composer: - Jules Taub-Ike Turner-Baron
Publisher: - Universal Music
Matrix number: - MM 1864
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 362 mono
LOOKING FOR MY BABY / MY HEART BELONGS TO YOU
Reissued:  - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-6 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Bonnie Turner (Mary Sue) - Vocal
Ike Turner - Piano
Calvin Newborn - Guitar
Unknown - Saxophones
Richard ''Tuff' Green - Bass
Phineas Newborn Sr. - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR B.B. KING
FOR RPM RECORDS 1952

TUFF GREEN'S HOUSE
1293 QUINN AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE APRIL 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER
AND/OF JOE BIHARI

B.B. King also recorded at Tuff Green's place around the same time and it is likely Ike Turner played on the two songs recorded by King. Both sides of RPM 363 are blues ballads that feature droning saxophones, delicate tinkling piano but no sign of BBs trademark guitar. Another King single was recorded five months later.

01 - ''YOU DIDN'T WANT ME'' - B.M.I. - 2:32
Composer: - Jules Taub-B.B. King
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1865
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 363 mono
YOU DIDN'T WANT ME / YOU KNOW I LOVE YOU
Reissued:   - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-7 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

02 - ''YOU KNOW I LOVE YOU'' - B.M.I. - 3:05
Composer: - Jules Taub-B.B. King
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1866
Recorded: - Unknown Date April 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 363 mono
YOU KNOW I LOVE YOU / YOU DIDN'T WANT ME
Reissued:   - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-8 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
B.B. King - Vocal & Guitar
Possibly Bill Harvey - Tenor Saxophone
Possibly George Coleman - Alto Saxophone
Possibly Floyd Jones - Trumpet
Possible Ike Turner - Piano
Possibly Richard ''Tuff'' Green - Bass
Possibly Ted Curry - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Sam Phillips had tried Don Robey in April with some of his rawest cottonpatch blues to date, by Sleepy John Estes, a fifty-three-year-old native of Brownsville, Tennessee, midway between Jackson and Memphis, who, like so many others, just showed up at the studio with his battered guitar and new store-bought teeth. Sam was knocked out by his music, Sleepy John, who had first recorded for Victor in the 1920s, was a brilliant songwriter with a unique crying style of singing, but evidently his teeth didn't fit, and at one point they went flying across the room as he put his heart and soul into the performance.

Sam persuaded him to put them in his pocket. ''I said, 'Don't break them, save them, you might have a girlfriend that you want to see'', and Estes who had gone blind a couple of years earlier, even returned for a second session on April 24, with Lee ''Tennessee'' Crisp on harmonica and washboard-playing friend, Hammie Nixon, but Sam Phillips was never able to sell any of the sides, which he considered priceless and which remained unissued until they came out in England some thirty years later.

STUDIO SESSION FOR SLEEPY JOHN ESTES
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: MONDAY APRIL 5, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

Sam Phillips noted this session as unsatisfactory. The tapes have not been found, and were probably re-used. Some song re-recorded on Estes' second session on April 24, 1952.

01 - "RATS IN MY KITCHEN''
Composer: - John Estes
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Sun Unissued
Recorded: - April 5, 1952

02 - "BURIAL INSURENCE BLUES/POLICY MAN''
Composer: - John Estes
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Sun Unissued
Recorded: - April 5, 1952

03 - "RUNNIN' AROUND BLUES''
Composer: - John Estes
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Sun Unissued
Recorded: - April 5, 1952

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Sleepy John Estes - Vocal & Guitar

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR RAYMOND JONES
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: WEDNESDAY APRIL 9, 1952
STUDIO HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER – SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 – ''LET ME COUNT THE CURLS (ON YOUR CUTE COOTIE)''
Composer: - Raymond Jones
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - April 9, 1952

According to London, "Drivin' Slow" was a number 1 record locally, and provided a great deal of additional  work for the band. In view of that it is indeed remarkable that London's final appearance in the Sun studio  should have been just 10 days after his record had been released, on April 9 he backet Raymond Jones on 10  takes of a straightforward pop song "Let Me Count The Curls". London recalls: "During that time Phillips  was also recording Rufus Thomas, and some others. He had his hands in everything. I think we were busy  too - trying to make as much money as possible off the record. We were at school at that time, too. Also, we  never made as much money off the record as we thought we would. That may have been the reason".

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Raymond Jones - Vocal & Drums
Joe Louis Hall - Piano
Johnny London - Alto Saxophone
Charles Keel - Tenor Saxophone

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR BOYD GILMORE & CHARLIE BOOKER
FOR MODERN RECORDS 1952

UNKNOWN STUDIO LOCATION
CLARKSDALE, MISSISSIPPI
MODERN SESSION: WEDNESDAY APRIL 13, 1952
STUDIO HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER – IKE TURNER
AND/OF JOE BIHARI

Ike Turner was back in Clarksdale to cut again with Boyd Gilmore and Charlie Booker. ''Charlie's Boogie Woogie'' bowls along with each member of the band taking a crack at a solo as Booker sings his boogie. The other side of this single ''Moonshine Blues'' doesn't feature Ike Turner. Gilmore's coupling is the real deal and if you think the introduction and solo to ''All In My Dreams'' are familiar, you'd be right because they are spliced in from Elmore James' ''Please Find My Baby''. The other side is Gilmore's expressive version of Robert Lockwood's ''Take A Little Walk With Me''.

01 - ''ALL IN MY DREAMS''* - B.M.I. - 3:11
Composer: - Jules Taub-Boyd Gilmore
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1837
Recorded: - April 13, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 872 mono
ALL IN MY DREAMS / TAKE A LITTLE WALK WITH ME
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-2 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

02 - ''TAKE A LITTLE WALK WITH ME''* - B.M.I. - 2:31
Composer: - Robert Lockwood
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1838
Recorded: - April 13, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 872 mono
TAKE A LITTLE WALK WITH ME / ALL IN MY DREAMS
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-3 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

03 - ''CHARLIE'S BOOGIE WOOGIE''** - B.M.I. - 2:29
Composer: Charlie Booker
Publisher: - Modern Music Publishing
Matrix number: - MM 1852
Recorded: - April 13, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Modern Records (S) 78rpm Modern 878 mono
CHARLIE'S BOOGIE WOOGIE / MOONRISE BLUES
Reissued: - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-4 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Boyd Gilmore - Vocal * & Guitar
Charlie Booker - Vocal ** & Guitar
Ike Turner - Piano
Jesse ''Cleanhead'' Love - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


APRIL 7, 1952 MONDAY

Capitol released Faron Young's debut single, ''Tattle Tale Tears''.

APRIL 11, 1952 FRIDAY

The Stanley Brothers hold the last of their four Columbia recordings sessions.

APRIL 13, 1952 SUNDAY

Mandolin player Sam Bush is born in Bowling Green, Kentucky. He gains acclaim with the progressive  acoustic group New Grass Revival, but also plays on hits by Pam Tillis, Kathy Mattea and Garth Brooks,  among others.

APRIL 14, 1952 MONDAY

Decca released Ernest Tubb's ''Somebody's Stolen My Honey''.

APRIL 15, 1962 TUESDAY

Rex Allen and Slim Pickens combat counterfeiters in the Old West in the debut of ''Border Saddlemates''.  Woodwind player Darol Rice has an on-screen part.

APRIL 16, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Nearly five years aster the started, Porter Wagoner's wife, Ruth, ends her work with the International Shoe  Company in West Plains, Missouri.

APRIL 17, 1952 THURSDAY

Elvis Presley returns to work at Loew's State Theater but is fired five weeks later after an altercation with  another usher. Loew's State became notable for being the place where Elvis Presley got his first job, in 1948,  as an usher and later being fired, and then re-instated. The auditorium was built into an older warehouse  which actually fronted Second Street. Second Street wasn't a suitable address for such a prestigious theater  so Loew's acquired a single storefront on Main Street which aligned with the warehouse/auditorium on 2nd.  Unfortunately, there was an alley between the two buildings which the City of Memphis would not allow  Loew's to close off. The solution? The storefront was gutted and turned into a lovely half-block-long lobby  which ended in a single grand stairway. This stairway rose to a level high enough to allow a bridge over the  alley and entered the auditorium at balcony level. When the LS was not at peak capacity, the sign on the  stairs said "downstairs closed" instead of the usual "balcony closed" so familiar to those going to the movies  in the 1960's.

The State had a vaudeville stage and pit. The hall was never renovated during its life and so retained all it's  Thomas Lamb "Loew's Adam" decor to the end. The first organ in the Loew's State was a Moller. It was  replaced by a Wurlitzer in the mid-1920's. The 2 big Loew's theaters in downtown Memphis were under  construction at the same time.

APRIL 18, 1952 FRIDAY

Jim Scholten is born in Bay City, Michigan. As bass player for Sawyer Brown, he contributes to such hits as  ''The Dirt Road'', ''Six Days On The Road'', ''All These Years'' and ''Thank God For You''.

Columbia released Carl Smith's two-sided single, ''Are You Teasing Me'' and ''It's A Lovely, Lovely World''.

APRIL 21, 1952 MONDAY

Webb Pierce recorded ''The Last Waltz'' at Nashville's Castle Studio.

Roy Rogers and Dale Evans recorded ''Happy Trails''.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Guitarist Parr's band took its name from a WMC radio show that broadcast 15 minutes of suitably 'groovy' records every day. They worked the circuit which moved up and down the Mississippi from Memphis to Cairo, via clubs like M.C. Reeder's 199 Club in Osceola, Arkansas. Pianist Eddie Snow worked with them regularly, as did for a while the lanky Albert Nelson before he changed his last name to King. "Baby Child" is a slow blues with a lusty if slightly winded vocal from Snow.



Eddie Snow ^

''She's got me going round in circles, crying just like a baby child". The balance favours Luther Taylor and Bennie Moore's saxes at the expense of their leader's guitar.

Sam sent dubs of this 1952 session to Chess, who sent back a ''What else you got''? letter.

STUDIO SESSION FOR ELVEN PARR'S AND THE GROOVE
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: MONDAY APRIL 14, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 - "BABY CHILD" - B.M.I. - 3:24
Composer: - Eddie Snow
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 14, 1952
Released: - 1996
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-12 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

02 - "I'M A GOOD MAN" - B.M.I. - 2:27
Composer: - Eddie Snow
Publisher: - Hi-Lo Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 14, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30126-A-5 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK - VOLUME 11 - MEMPHIS BLUES SOUNDS
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-13 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

Elven Parr seems to have turned his amp up for this enthusiastic boogie, but the capering saxes still get in the way of what might be one of the great guitar solos recorded at Sun Records - if only we could hear it. Eddie Snow sounds a touch frantic as he claims he wants to live "the right kind of life". Even so, "Let me tell you one ting I want to know/if you have any children (they) got to look like Snow". Chances were, with the lifestyle of a touring band being what it was, there were a few of those already.

03 - "IN THE GROOVE RHUMBA" - B.M.I. - 2:50
Composer: - Eddie Snow
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 14, 1952
Released: - 1996
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-14 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

The horns are still front and centre as Eddie Snow's piano takes the lead on this "shimmy like you wanna". When the leader finally gets a chance to show us what he can do, he is once again rather overshadowed. Having made sure we can't ignore them, the horns then break into their lounge lizard riff until the slightly botched ending. The 'mighty rum bling' that persists through most of the tune is caused by Eddie Snow's foot on the sustain pedal as his left hand pounds out the rhythm.

04(1) - "SKIN AND BONE WOMAN" - 1 - B.M.I. - 2:44
Composer: - Johnny Temple
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Slow Version -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 14, 1952
Released: - 1989
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUN 30 mono
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-15 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

The band - or Sam Phillips - hedged their bets with this song, since it exists in both slow and fast versions. Eddie Snow's woman is reduced to the 'skin and bones' of the title. "You used to be beautiful but you lived your life too fast/now you ain't got nothin' but your dark unattractive past". Which seems to be what he sings. Legibility is just as problematic on the fast version which changes the verse order and adds two more as well as a frantic tenor solo. Eddie Snow returned three years later to make a Sun single of his own.

04(2) - "SKIN AND BONES WOMAN" - 2 - B.M.I. - 1:59
Composer: - Johnny Temple
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Fast Version -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 14, 1952
Released: - 1984
First appearance: Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-9-4 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

This ''Skin And Bones Woman'' in contrast, this is a very different alternate take used on the 1990's box after being first issued on the Sun Blues Archive CDs in the 1980s. It's the fast version of the song issued on the original LP boxset.

05 - "ROCKAWAY BABY" - B.M.I.
Composer: - Eddie Snow
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - April 14, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued

06 - "ALL ALONE'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 14, 1952
Released: - 1985
First appearance: - Krazy Kat Records (LP) 33rpm Krazy Kat KK 7427 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - UNISSUED TITLES FROM THE 1950S

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Eddie Snow - Vocal and Piano
Luther Taylor - Saxophone
Bennie Moore - Saxophone
Elven Parr - Guitar
Carl Tate - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


ELVEN ''L.V.'' PARR INTERVIEW

Interviewed by Mark Dalton and Mike Lynch in Seattle, Spring of 1996. The transcription was created and  edited by Mark Dalton. This piece originally appeared on the (long gone) Caldonia web page, and was  republished in the May 1997 edition of Blues and Rhythm ("The Gospel Truth") Magazine (UK). L.V. Parr  died in Seattle in 1996.





Elven ''L.V.'' Parr at Washington Blues society  meeting around 1994. ^

We caught up with Elven "L.V." Parr at a First Hill retirement home, in a room he shares with another  resident. The room is impersonal, institutional, much like a hospital room, except for the Washington Blues  Society Award on the wall above L.V.'s bed. L.V. is blind now, from the effects of diabetes, and he has  slowed down some from the accumulation of 70 years of living, but he was up for talking with us, laughed  readily, and occasionally we could see the years drop away as he touched on a happy memory of a free and  easy moment, living the blues. Here's L.V.'s story:

I was born in Osceola Arkansas in 1925. My dad ran a cotton gin for many years there. My mother was a  housewife, and I was their only child. My dad played piano, and I was exposed to all kinds of music growing  up. I didn’t listen to that much blues when I was a child. I sang in the church choir, and was in a gospel  quartet as a teenager.

I got into some trouble with the law as a young man, and I really picked up on the guitar while I was in  prison. I didn’t have much to do but practice, and I had music books and teachers there too. I had a few guys  I could play guitar with, who would show me different things playing, and I began to like it when I was  playing with them. Guys would teach me this and that and I was very into listening.

I started playing professionally in 1950. We had a band in Osceola called the "In the Groove Boys" and we  were on the radio every day at 3pm. I think the station was KOSE. We had guitar, piano, and drums. We did  our own show and also backed up special guests.

I used to know Albert King back in Osceola. He was Albert Nelson back then, that's before he got famous.  We used to play together a little bit, but he couldn't play nothing but, you know, soul or blues. He didn't  know any chords at that time, but he made it big. I wish I was in his shoes!

I started going to Memphis regularly after I'd been playing awhile. I had a hotel gig there, and would go out  on the road with various bands and singers that needed a guitar player. The hotel was owned by a guy named  Sunbeam Mitchell, who was also a music promoter.

Sunbeam Mitchell started off promoting B.B. King in the early days. During this period I played with Bobby  Bland, Junior Parker, Johnny Ace and Percy Mayfield, among others. I played a gig with Ray Charles at  hotel in Atlanta. There were so many guys I played with... I was working all the time back then.

I also did quite a bit of recording at that time. I was...what do you call it, a studio musician? I did a lot of  work at Sun Studios, where Elvis Presley made his first recordings. I recorded there with Johnny Ace, Bobby  Bland and Earl Forrest, among others. B.B. King was a friend of mine back in those days. We never played  together because he had a pretty good guitar player in his band already! (laughs). We used to hang out. He  was also a disc jockey at that time. I played quite a bit on Beale Street in Memphis. I played with all the local  guys, and then Sunbeam would send us out on the road. I did a long tour with Johnny Ace, not too long  before he died. We were out for about six months, mostly playing theaters. We were being booked out of  New York City. I played the Apollo Theater back then, and all over the country.

They claimed Johnny Ace killed himself playing Russian Roulette. I think that was a lie. I knew Johnny too  well. He wouldn’t do himself that way. What happened was Johnny was fooling with a girl, a white girl. I  had just left the tour in Kentucky. This girl had been following Johnny around the south for awhile. Every  show he did, she was there. The guys in the band told me that the night Johnny died, this girl's brother and  her uncle came to see Johnny, that they went up to his room, and brought down this story that he was playing
Russian Roulette. I think one of them shot Johnny.

Johnny Ace was a fun guy to be with. He kept everyone laughing. He could just let himself go. I played on  some of his records, including "The Clock." That one was really my tune - I pretty much wrote that one. I  worked with him off and on for a couple of years all together, after he went out on his own. Before that he  played piano in B.B. King's band.

Another guy I played with down south was Earl Forrest, a good rhythm and blues singer. He was just starting  out. We played all down through the south, down into Mississippi. He had a hit record out called "Whoopin'  and Hollerin'''. I'd be talking to pretty girls and Earl, he'd come up and say "I'm the bossman here!" (laughs).  The girls, they'd say "Who''?

I met Fenton Robinson in Cairo, Illinois around that time. He was about eighteen years old then. I left the  little group I was in to go on this tour, and Fenton came in to take my place. I used to show him different  stuff, techniques when he was getting started. He played in my place until I got back off the road.

I came out to Seattle in 1959. I got into trouble with the law again, and was basically paroled to my dad, who  was living out here by then. I played all over the Northwest when I got here. Things were jumping. I played  at first with a guy named Gerald Frank, who had a band and also owned a lot of property, after-hours joints  and stuff, around town. He played with Duke Ellington at one time, and could play drums and organ. We  played at the Black and Tan, Birdland, the Drift Inn, the Cotton Club, the Mardi Gras, those clubs on Jackson
Street. All over. I played with all the local guys, most everyone in town at one time or another.

I played with Dave Lewis off and on. Joe Johansen used to play with him too, and that kid that made it big,  Larry Coryell, he played with Dave at one time. I knew all these guys. Jimi Hendrix used to come around.  He was just a kid then, I used to practice over at 20th and Madison with James Thomas and a couple of old  guys. Every time we were over there, Hendrix would come over and be asking me things, asking me to show  him this or that. I don't if you'd call it teaching him or not, but I used to show him a lot.

In the early years I always used a hollow-bodied guitar. I had an Epiphone that was my favorite. Later on I  used a Fender Stratocaster. I took a few breaks from playing over the years, drove a cab. I started playing  down in the Pike Market in 70's. Hanging out on First Avenue was fun in those days.

I used to hang out at Pig Alley a lot. Also at the Ridge. I bartended at the Shellback for awhile. I hung out  with Isaac Scott some back then. We played the same places. Tom McFarland was a good friend. A lot of the  time I played with (Hammond B3 organist) Donny Osias. Donny has tapes of us playing together back then,  but I never got into a studio in Seattle.

I followed Tom McFarland into a house band gig at the Boulder Cafe at First and Pike around 1976, and we  played five nights a week there for year or two. Those were some good times in Seattle. Getting the "Living  Legend" award from the Washington Blues Society a couple years ago was great. My friend (local musician  and social worker) Joe Martin took me up there to the ceremony. I've got it hanging right here by my bed.

L.V. Parr's health prevents him from playing any more, but his music lives on in others. There are many  unsung musical heroes like L.V., people whose daily work helps to create and maintain the rich musical  matrix that nourishes the young Jimi Hendrixes and Larry Coryells of the world, and which makes life a little  easier and richer for us all.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

By April 1952 Sam Phillips was sending out dubs to Chess once again. But with their differences out in the open once and for all (Sam's declaration of independence, however short-lived, did not go unnoticed), things were not about to be put back together again. On every issue, it seemed, Sam and Leonard vehemently disagreed, from the whole business of the bus, which continued to fester, to the proper way to record the Howlin' Wolf. Sam had another session with Wolf in the middle of the month, but of the eight sides he sent the label, Chess put out only one, and between April and December, out of all the other material Sam sent them, they released just four singles by any of his other artists.

STUDIO SESSION FOR HOWLIN' WOLF
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: THURSDAY APRIL 17, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

MOST OF THE REPERTOIRE ON THIS SESSION WAS
DUBBED FROM ACETATE OR DISC SOURCE
MANY OF THE ORIGINAL MASTER TAPES HAVE BEEN LOST

Note: the session files indicate that other titles were recorded at the session, but the musicians on those titles (''Dorothy Mae'', ''Sweet Woman'' ''Color And Kind'') appear to be different from those titles here.

01 - "EVERYBODY'S IN THE MOOD (ALL IN THE MOOD)" - B.M.I. - 2:55
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30134-4 mono
THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS – HOWLIN' WOLF
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-15 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

On April 17th 1952 Wolf turned up at the Memphis Recording Service to record a session for Chess Records, for which he received $200, a princely sum for those days.  None of the sides were released at the time, although this cut would clearly have made a great jumping B-side to any of his great early singles. Guitarist Johnson fits some powerful boogie licks in beneath Wolf's vocals, but this time its clearly the Wolf's show as he drives it along, calling all the shots from start to finish.

02 - "COLOR AND KIND" B.M.I. - 3:09
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Re-recorded later as "Just My Kind".
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30134 mono
THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS - HOWLIN' WOLF
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-14 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

03 - "BLUEBIRD (BLUES) - B.M.I. - 2:47
Composer: - John Lee Williamson
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30134-3 mono
THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS – HOWLIN' WOLF
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-13 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

It would seem that even at this early point in his career Wolf's thoughts were already turning North to Chicago, as evidenced by the imagery in this song. Although far from representative of Wolf's best work, it provides a fascinating glimpse into the evolution of his style (although when Wolf finally made his move North, it was in a late model Buick rather than on a bluebird). Sam Phillips duly sent these cut to Chess Records, although they remained unissued at the time - the original acetate of ''Bluebird (Blues)'', this side eventually finding its way onto a bootleg in 1979.

This vintage blues was popular during the late 1930s and early 1940s, Tommy McClennan's gravel-voiced version from 1942 even bearing a superficial resemblance to Wolf's version. Musicologists Robert Dixon and John Godrich have suggested that the "Bluebird" in McClennan's version referred to the label for which it was recorded: fanciful speculation or not, all such meaning was lost by the time Wolf annexed the song making it his own.

''Bluebird when you come back to Chicago
I want you to fly between the sun and cloud (x2)
If you get a message from Lacey Belle, don't let it hit the ground''.

04 - "SADDLE MY PONY"*/** - B.M.I. - 2:31
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - 1028
Originally titled "Pony Blues", on the Chess 78, the full title is "Saddly My Pony
(Gonna Find My Baby Out In The World Somewhere)"
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - July 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm standard single Chess 1515-A mono
SADDLE MY PONY / WORRIED ALL THE TIME
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-9 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

05(1) - "DOROTHY MAE"* - B.M.I. - 2:42
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30134 mono
THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS – HOWLIN' WOLF
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-13 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

05(2) - "DOROTHY MAE"* - B.M.I. - 2:36
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - 1989
First appearance: - 1979 Blue Night (LP) 33rpm BlueNight BN 073 1667 mono
FROM EARLY TIL LATE
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-16 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

06 - "SWEET WOMAN (I GOT A WOMAN)" - B.M.I. - 3:26
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30134 mono
THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS – HOWLIN' WOLF
Reissued:  - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-17 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

07 - "THAT'S ALL RIGHT (WELL THAT'S ALL RIGHT)" - B.M.I. - 2:53
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - 1976
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30102-A-8 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 2 – SAM'S BLUES
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-19 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

Well, actually, things are not alright! This ain't no technical masterpiece by a long shot - although by way of compensation Wolf proffers a standout vocal, and there is an infectious spirit to this recording which transcends most of the technical flaws. There's some rather sloppy timing and the track appears to have been little more than a loose jam - in fact the introduction provides a further example of Wolf kicking into gear without cuin in his sidesmen.

08 - "DECORATION DAY BLUES" - B.M.I. - 3:14
Composer: - John Lee Williamson
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 17, 1952
Released: - 1976
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30102-A-7 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 2 – SAM'S BLUES
Reissued: -  1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-18 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

Wolf turns his band to Sonny Boy Williamson his pre-war hit, which he latter has originally recorded back in 1938. As prolific as Sonny Boy was, he didn't originate the song. Teddy Darby aka Blind Darby recorded it first in 1935... although it's unclear if he wrote it. Curtis Jones recorded it next, but Williamson's was the version that Wolf and others copies nearly word-for-word.  Following an exceedingly tenuous start - which suggests that Wolf knew exactly where he was off to, but neglected to tell the band - the accompanists struggle to find a point of access into this three-chord jungle. A shift in the recording level during the first verse indicates that not even Sam Phillips was sure what was going down. However, once Wolf gets into his vocal, things settle into a fairly conventional mid-tempo blues distinguished by some excellent harp heroics, and an impassioned vocal.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Howlin' Wolf - Vocal, Harmonica and Guitar*
Willie Johnson - Guitar
Unknown - Bass / The bass is barely audible
Willie Steele - Drums / May not be present on all cuts
Bill "William" Johnson - Piano
James Cotton - Harmonica*

"When I'm Gone" listed in the Chess files with this session is actually by Joe Hill Louis.

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR RUFUS THOMAS
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: MONDAY APRIL 21, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

It was the version "Decorate The Counter" from Rosco Gordon, that Rufus Thomas reproduced when he went into the studio on April 21, 1952. There is little wonder that the difference between the two men's versions of this good time Saturday night song was not wide since Rufus used Willie Wilkes, Richard Sanders and John Murrat Daley on the session - the same band as Rosco. Rufus calls "What you say Richard" as Richard Sanders is about to take his solo, as had Rosco. Only Rosco himself is missing, replaced by Billy Love on piano. Rufus's  vocals are slightly more prominent and assured than Rosco's even though it is not hos own song. "Decorate" was apparently written by or in the name of Robert Henry, who managed the Handy Theater and booked Rufus and Gordon there along with other local talent and all the big bands of the day. He was also the first manager of B.B. King and one of the real enduring characters of Beale Street, right up to his death in 1978. He ran a pool hall and store there for years and liked to tell people that if they wanted to get served, they'd better decorate the counter, put their money down.

The song that was chosen for release along with "Decorate" was "Juanita", an impassioned ballad complete with mock crying and wailing, a style that found favour in the early 1950s and was exemplified in hits like Tommy Brown's "Weepin' And Cryin" on Dot Records which was the number one rhythm and blues hit of December 1951. If anyone was going to be able to carry off this histrionic style, then Rufus Thomas - the entertainer - was probably the man. No doubt his performance of "Juanita" went down a storm in live performance, but this is a  very slow song and although Richard Sanders contributes a moving baritone sax solo, the performance drags a little on record. It was left to Chuck Willis - with a different song - to take "Juanita" into the top ten and rhythm and blues history four years later.

01 – "JUANITA" - B.M.I. - 3:27
Composer: - Rufus Thomas
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - 1024
Recorded: - April 21, 1952 - Source Rufus Thomas
Released: - July 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm standard single Chess 1517-A mono
JUANITA / DECORATE THE COUNTER
Reissued: - 2008 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 16695-13 mono
RUFUS THOMAS - THE SUN YEARS PLUS

When Rufus Thomas recorded "Juanita" for Sun Records, Sam Phillips didn't believe in its commercial possibilities. As a result, it had been sold to Chess Records in Chicago, who released it a few months later. It failed to make the charts. "Sam Phillips sold me the damned song to get even with me", Leonard Chess recalled. Some have said that Elvis Presley sang "Juanita", on tour in 1955 and may have recorded it while at Sun Records. Possible dates: February 6, 1955, November 13, 1954; or something in December 1954. Why Elvis Presley selected the song for his act is a mystery. Rumour has it that Elvis Presley watched Thomas perform "Juanita" in local clubs in Memphis. Combined with that, it probably was simply due to his penchant to experiment with rhythm and blues songs, couplet with the fact that he had just visited with Rufus Thomas in Memphis. Source Rufus Thomas.

02 - "DECORATE THE COUNTER" - B.M.I. - 2:23
Composer: - Robert Henry-Courtney Harris
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - 1025
Recorded: - April 21, 1952
Released: - July 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm Chess 1517-B mono
DECORATE THE COUNTER / JUANITA
Reissued:  - 2008 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 16695-12 mono
RUFUS THOMAS - THE SUN YEARS PLUS

Recorded the same day, and perhaps one of the main reasons for the session, was Rufus version of Rosco Gordon's hymn to intemperance. Rosco's own was now on the shelf alongside the empties from last weekend's carouse. In order to retain the song's unique blowsey atmosphere, Sam Phillips brought the composer and his band into the studio to lend a hand - and perhaps an elbow. For all his  exuberance, Rufus can't quite catch the manic edge that Rosco habitually brought to his song. Note the lack of spontaneity when Rufus repeats Rosco's  original aside, "What you say, Richard?/that's what I thought you said", as Richard Sanders sets out on a solo that sounds like a malfunctioning industrial vacuum cleaner.

03(1) - "MARRIED WOMAN – 1" - B.M.I. - 2:45
Composer: - Rufus Thomas
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 21, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued:  - 2008 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 16695-14 mono
RUFUS THOMAS - THE SUN YEARS PLUS

Two final songs from the session was "Married Woman" which is presented here in two alternative take. Rufus' baby left him on Saturday, March 1. On April 21 he was in Phillips studio telling the world about it. It is a thumping blues about Rufus sitting around trying to drink his blues away. His baby's leaving - "she was a married woman" - and how loving a married woman will do you no earthly good. The first version contains a  storming sax solo by Willie Wilkes, and the second is similar except that Rufus adds some slurred speech at the start to emphasize the depth of his plight.

03(2) - "MARRIED WOMAN – 2" - B.M.I. - 2:40
Composer: - Rufus Thomas
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 21, 1952
Released: - 2008
First appearance: - Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 16695-15 mono
RUFUS THOMAS - THE SUN YEARS PLUS

According to Marion Keisker's session logs, Rufus recorded four other songs at the "Decorate" session. One of these was the intriguing "Beale Street Bound", a recording that has not apparently survived.

04 - BEALE STREET SOUND" - B.M.I.
Composer: - Rufus Thomas
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - April 21, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued/Lost

05 - "I'M OFF THAT STUFF" - B.M.I. - 2:57
Composer: - Rufus Thomas
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 21, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Krazy Kat Records (LP) 33rpm KK 7427 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - UNISSUED TITLES FROM THE 1950
Reissued:  - 2008 Bear Family Records CD) 500/200rpm BCD 16695-16 mono
RUFUS THOMAS - THE SUN YEARS PLUS

This title to be recorded at the session was also a moral tale - of temperance, abstinence and fidelity - told to a mid-paced rhythm and blues stomp. This time the solo is taken by Richard Sanders on baritone sax, and you can just imagine Rufus the entertainer delivering the lyrica of "I'm Off That Stuff" with a twinkle in is eye.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Rufus Thomas - Vocal
Willie Wilkes - Tenor saxophone
Richard Sanders - Baritone Saxophone
Billy Love - Piano
John Murry Daley – Drums

The day after the session, the Phillips studio airmailed dubs of ''Decorate The Counter'' and ''Juanita'' to Chess Records, and twelve days later masters were "sent to Shaw (probably meaning Billy Shaw's New York based Shaw Artists Corporation). Marion Keisker logged that copies were sent to influential disc jockeys on June 16, including Gene Nobles at WLAC in Nashville, and that payments at musicians union scale were made to the session musicians directly by Chess. The record was released as Chess 1517 at the start of July.

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


APRIL 22, 1952 TUESDAY

The day after the Rufus Thomas session, the Phillips studio airmailed dubs of "Decorate The  Counter" and "Juanita" to Chess Records, and twelve days later masters were sent to Shaw  (probably meaning Billy Shaw's New York based Shaw Artists Corporation). Marion Keisker  logged that copies were sent to influential disc jockeys on June 16, including Gene Nobles at  WLAC in Nashville, and that payments at musicians union scale were made to the session  musicians directly by Chess. The record was released as Chess 1517 at the start of July  1952.

APRIL 23, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Hank Williams makes his second appearance on NBC-TV's ''The Kate Smith Hour'', performing ''Cold Cold Heart''.

Pop keyboard player Jay Gruska is born in New York City. He writes ''Both To Each Other (Friend And Lovers)'', a 1986 country hit for Eddie Rabbitt and Juice Newton at the same time it's a pop hit for Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson.

APRIL 24, 1952 THURSDAY

Bing Crosby and guitar player Grady Martin and His Slew Foot Five recorded ''Till The End Of The World''.

APRIL 26, 1952 SATURDAY

Country gospel singer Martha Carson joins the Grand Ole Opry,  at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee.

Merle Travis and Judy Hayden have a daughter, Cindy Travis.

APRIL 28, 1952 MONDAY

Decca released Webb Pierce's ''That Heart Belongs To Me''.

Keyboard player Chuck Leavel is born in Birmingham, Alabama. A member of The Allman Brothers Band for four years, he plays on several Montgomery Gentry country hits, including ''My Town'', ''Back When I Knew It All'' and ''One In Every Crowd''.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR SLEEPY JOHN ESTES
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: THURSDAY APRIL 24, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

Note that there is no additional instrument on ''Rats In My Kitchen'', so it might date to vocal-guitar session held on April 5.  When Sleepy John Estes made his recordings at the Memphis Recording Service he was probably in his early fifties, but his voice was that of a wizened old survivor of the blues.


Sleepy John Estes >

This topical blues is clearly about the Korean War, although Estes may well originally have written it about World War II. It shows off his unique style to good advantage, and it is interesting to note that he is using an electric guitar. From his very first to his last recordings, Estes employed an anguished delivery in which he would forcefully project the first half of a line or verse, and then breathlessly slur the remainder. Some of Estes noted biting observations can be found here: "Now let's go boys/hold up for your town/if you ever get back home/you'll be on your same old paved ground".

Or the last verse: ''Now if you go to the camp, boy / Hopin' to act rough / They'll put you in that ol' guardhouse / Make you pick up cigarette butts''. As is often the case with Estes, every line repays close listening, but Estes doesn't make it easy.

His longtime sidekick, Hammie Nixon, claimed to be on this session, but Marion Keisker noted that Lee ''Tennessee'' Crisp played harmonica. Eminent harmonica scholar Joe Filisko confirmed that it's not Hammie on harmonica, but it's possible that he's playing the washboard heard on some songs. Keisker's notes indicate that both Peacock and Chess  showed an interest in "Registration Day Blues" and "Rats In My Kitchen", but it seems that neither deal was ever finalised.

01 - "REGISTRATION DAY BLUES" B.M.I. - 3:08
Composer: - John Estes
Publisher: - Tristan Music
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 24, 1952
Released: - 1976
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30101-A-2 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 1 - CATALYST
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-22 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

02 - "POLICY MAN BLUES (BURIAL INSURANCE BLUES" B.M.I. - 3:12
Composer: - John Estes
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 24, 1952
Released: - 1996
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-23 mono 
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-1-9 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

Although the sales pitch for an insurance company (!) this track offers the closest glimpse of Estes' pre-War style. According to David Evans the song was a sales for Al Rawls' funeral home in Brownsville, Tennessee.  Its original working title was "Burial Insurance Blues", for only $3 you get full benefits - just give up some whiskey money every week, and they bring you home with a sheet over your face, you'll be all set. Whoopie! Its easy to see why Sam Phillips sought to capture Estes on record, as this is indeed exceptionally pure blues music.

Bo Carter's ''Policy Man'' calls on the insurance man to pay out so he can sustain his gambling, while Sonny Boy (John Lee) Williamson's ''Insurance Blues'' is almost a coda to Estes' song in that it spells out the perils of not keeping up with your payments.   At this stage Sam Phillips could not have foreseen the early 1960s Folk Boom, which led to the resurrection of Estes and many other old timers: at the time Sam recorded these sides he must have though that Estes/ back-country blues was on the very verge of extinction. (The take used here is different to that used on the original Sun Blues Box).

03 - "RATS IN MY KITCHEN" B.M.I. - 3:05
Composer: - John Estes
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 24, 1952
Released: - 1985
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Charly 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued:  - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-24 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958


John Adam ''Sleepy'' Estes on the porch of his shotgun shack, 121 Sunny Hill Cove, Brownsville, Tennessee. >

The rats are so mean in Sleepy John's kitchen that he needs a mountain cat! When Estes cut these sides he was only 48 years old - yet his voice conjures up the image of a wizened old blues survivor in his 1970s. In fact, when compared with his early 1940s Bluebird sides, one is left with the impression that the intervening decade had not been kind to Estes - or perhaps his chops had just become a little rusty. Recorded at the same session as its companion sides here, the harp player would appear to have sat this track out.

Estes seems to have taken his cue from Blind Lemon Jefferson's 1928 ''Maltese Cat Blues'' which starts, ''Rats is mean in my kitchen, I done lost my Maltese cat''. Beyond that, the song is pure Sleepy John Estes. The last verse, for those who want subtitles, probably goes as follows:

''I'm gonna call a 42 squad car for to protect me in my home (x2) / You know the rats 'stroying my groc', (yodel) work on my D-Con'' (a rat killer). In later years, ''Rats In My Kitchen'' became a part of Sleepy John's campus repertoire. To a generation raised on The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, it was an unsettling snapshot of another America.

04(1) - "RUNNIN' AROUND" B.M.I. - 3:03
Composer: - John Estes
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 24, 1952
Released: - 1996
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-2-25 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-1-11 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

Estes is not best known for uptempo material, but this track proves he could easily accommodate them into his idiosyncratic style. Estes and washboard/harp-player Lee ''Tennessee'' Crisp generate considerable energy between them, and there is some fine interplay between the guitar and harp. Estes' vocal has something of a plaintive feel, which adds to the overall appeal. Structurally, the song is very similar to Estes' pre-War hit, ''Someday Baby'', better known to nearly everyone as ''Worried Life Blues''.   (The take 2 used here is different to that used on the original Sun Blues Box).

04(2) - "RUNNIN' AROUND" B.M.I. - 3:04
Composer: - John Estes
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 24, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-9-3 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Sleepy John Estes - Vocal and Guitar
Lee ''Tennessee'' Crisp - Harmonica
Possibly Hammie Nixon - Washboard

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR WILLIE NIX
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHECKER RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: FRIDAY APRIL 25, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

Drummer Willie Nix was a regular sessionman at 706 Union, and like Houston Stokes some six or seven months later, Sam Phillips also recorded him as a vocalist. Phillips later recalled Nix's enthusiasm thus: "Willie was not the subtlest of drummers, I would say, but he drove a session along and he had a feeling for what I wanted to get. He was something of a character, too...".

01 - "TRUCKIN' LITTLE WOMAN" - B.M.I. - 2:41
Composer: - Willie Nix
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - C 1026
Recorded: - April 25, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm Checker 756-A mono
TRUCKIN' LITTLE WOMAN / JUST ONE MISTAKE
Reissued: - 1974 Phonogram Records (LP) 33rpm Chess 6641 125 mono
GENESIS VOLUME 2 - THE BEGINNING OF ROCK - FROM MEMPHIS TO CHICAGO

02 - "JUST ONE MISTAKE" - B.M.I. - 3:04
Composer: - Willie Nix
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - C 1027
Recorded: - April 25, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm Checker 756-B mono
JUST ONE MISTAKE / TRUCKIN' LITTLE WOMAN
Reissued: - 1974 Phonogram Records (LP) 33rpm Chess 6641 125 mono
GENESIS VOLUME 2 - THE BEGINNING OF ROCK - FROM MEMPHIS TO CHICAGO

03 - "MIDNIGHT SHOWERS OF RAIN" - B.M.I. - 2:59
Composer: - Lowell Fulson
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 25, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-1 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1952


''Midnight Showers Of Rain'' was one of Lowell Folsom more obscure songs, recorded in Oackland around 1946 and leased to Swing Time/Downbeat Records in Los Angeles. It might have been coincidental (but probably wasn't) that B.B. King also recorded ''Midnight Showers Of Rain'' around the same time. King obscured its origins, calling it ''Some Day, Some Where''. Truthfully, Nix wasn't a great vocalist, but he has some fine accompanists compensating for his shortfall, notably Willie Johnson on guitar and Walter Horton on harmonica. ''Midnight Showers of Rain'' was recorded at the session that yielded Nix's Checker single.


Joe Willie Wilkins (left) and Willie Nix. ^

Four of the six songs were submitted to Chess Records, this among them, but it wasn't one of the two chosen.  On the song itself, Nix leads this slow blues with his customary verve, beautiful supported by Walter Horton, who blows a perfectly-controlled harp solo. Willie Johnson stitches the whole shebang  together with some robust guitar work (though giving the impression that he was itching to cut loose), whilst Billy Love's piano provides a sound rhythmic base.

04 - "RIDING IN THE MOONLIGHT" - B.M.I. - 3:12
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 25, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN YEARS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-3 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

Howlin' Wolf's first RPM classic is re-interpreted by Willie Nix, and whilst it lacks the tension and menace of Wolf's original is nonetheless interesting. taken at a slower pace and given a softer treatment than Wolf, Nix's vocal lies across the beat and occasionally battles with Willie Johnson's forceful guitar licks. Walter Horton takes a relatively minor role, confining himself to squeaky, high-register work.

05 - "TAKE A LITTLE WALK WITH ME" - B.M.I. - 2:28
Composer: - Robert Lockwood
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 25, 1952
Released: - August 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30127-A-4 mono
THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 12 – UNION AVENUE BREAKDOWN
Reissued: -  1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-4 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

''Take A Little Walk With Me'', this traditional song gets a thunderous updating with a stomping drum beat, wailing harp, and a fiery rhythm. Johnson's guitar chops have a nasty edge to them and add an air of brooding tension to an already gloomy performance.

This song got two g-rounds on Sun. Jimmy DeBerry recorded it as ''Take A Little Chance'', but it's Nix who takes us closer to the song's root, Robert Lockwood's first-ever single for Bluebird in 1941, ''Take A Little Walk With Me''. Coincidentally or not, Walter Horton, who is on this session, recorded Lockwood's B-side, ''Little Boy Blue''. Lockwood's more nuanced performance has Nix beat on every level except energy. 

06 - "PRISON BOUND BLUES" - B.M.I. - 2:40
Composer: - Leroy Carr
Publisher: - Cop Cont - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - April 25, 1952
Released: - 1977
First appearance: - August 1977 Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30127-A-3 mono
THE ROOTS OF ROCK - VOLUME 12 - UNION AVENUE BREAKDOWN
Reissued:  - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-2 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1952

If we didn't know for sure it was Willie Johnson playing the guitar on this session, we would recognize some of the licks he'd played earlier on Howlin' Wolf's sessions. Here, Nix takes a shot at Leroy Carr's 1928 ''Prison Bound Blues'' reportedly inspired by Carr's  spell inside for bootlegging. The song must have been a hit because it was revived before World War II (Amos Easton, Josh White, etc.) and after) Robert Nighthawk recorded it for Aristocrat in 1950 although it wasn't issued at the time, Muddy Waters sang it in concert, and Sunnyland Slim recorded it). O  n this track the same band - this time at mid-tempo - exhibit an irresistible swing and drive as Johnson floats occasional licks over Love's stomping piano-playing, all under pinned by Nix's solid drumming. 

Where or from whom did Nix hear it? There's no way of telling. Again this was submitted to Chess, but refused.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Willie Nix - Vocal and Drums
Walter Horton - Harmonica
Billy Love - Piano
Willie Johnson – Guitar

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


MAY 1952

Sam Phillips records Woodrow Adams for Checker Records. Later in the month he cuts a   session on Billy Love for Chess Records: one cut "My Teddy Bear Baby" is accepted.

Rosco   Gordon's "Booted" drops out of the Rhythm and Blues charts after 13-weeks.

The Biharis make another Southern field trip and record several blues and rhythm and   blues acts, including Ike Turner.

"Lawdy Miss Clawdy", a New Orleans-flavored rhythm and blues hit by Lloyd Price, with   Fats Domino on piano, hits number 1.

MAY 1952

Charlie Rich joined the Air Force and married Margaret Ann Greene and they honeymooned   in Memphis at the ritzy Peabody Hotel, courtesy of Rich's Uncle Jack. While they were in   Memphis, they blew the $45 they had between them on records. Music was simply that   important to both of them. As Margaret Ann would later recalls, ''The first piece of furniture   in our house was a tape recorder''.

Air Force life took them to Enid, Oklahoma, where Charlie combined military duties, such as   they were, with musical gigs. Charlie played piano and some sax with the Velvetones. The   group featured solo vocals by Charlie as well as some hip duets by Charlie and Margaret Ann.   When Charlie returned to Arkansas in 1955, he and Margaret Ann purchased a 500 acre farm   near Forrest City. Although they had lived reasonably well on his Air Force salary and music  income, the pr-chose price was largely subsidized by his uncle Jack. Even though a bumper   cotton and soybean crop during the first year allowed Charlie to pay back much of the loan   from his uncle, it was clear he was cut out to be a farmer. It is no accident that most farmers   are asleep by 10:00pm and up with the down. Charlie was barely getting into Memphis's jazz   clubs by then and sometimes got home just in time to see the dawn. He plainly was not going  to be a poster boy for the Farmer's Union.

MAY 1952

Rhythm and blues magazine ""Beat'' reported: ''Jimmie Daniels, mrg. of Jackie Brenston, Rosco Gordon and Edna McRaney, busy as a bee setting dates for his string of blues artists. Poppa Stoppa, the New Orleans disc jockey, has booked them for his May 11 dance''.

The Shaw Agency has signed Rosco Gordon, the young rhythm and blues star whose ''Booted'' (Chess) and ''No More Doggin''' on the RPM label are both on the national charts.


MAY 2, 1952 FRIDAY

Myrna Loy stars in ''Belles On Their Toes'' as it premieres in New York. ''Georgia On My Mind'' songwriter Hoagy Carmichael also appears in the picture.

MAY 3, 1952 SATURDAY

Kitty Wells recorded ''It Wasn't God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels'' at the Castle Studio in Nashville during her first session for Decca Records.

Studio session for James Banister and Dennis Binder at 706 Union Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

In March 1951, Ike Turner had brought his band from Clarksdale, Mississippi, to 706 Union: this market the start of a whirlwind period when Ike was working for Sam Phillips, Chess Records, and Modern (but essentially for himself), putting bands and sessions together, and generally hustling the Memphis scene. 


Dennis Binder >


Not long after the success of "Rocket 88" Jackie Brenston upped and quit, whereupon Ike regrouped the band and continued bringing various aggregations along to Sam Phillips.  This side emanated from a session in May 1952, which largely featured singer/drummer James Banister and singer/pianist Dennis Binder.

James Banister later years as a preacher up in Gary, Indiana and clearly lifted this number from the risqué blues favourite "Dirty Mother Fuyer", cleaning it up along the way: there is some jazzy piano in the stops, but this rhythmic gimmick soon becomes wearisome. The sloppy ending suggests that this was a far from final take.


STUDIO SESSION FOR JAMES BANISTER & DENNIS BINDER
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: SATURDAY MAY 3, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 - "AIN'T GONNA TELL YOU NO LIE (SWEET LITTLE WOMAN*" - B.M.I. - 2:26
Composer: - James Banister
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - May 3, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-5 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

02 - "JUG HEAD WOMAN" - B.M.I.
Composer: - Dennis Binder
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - May 3, 1952

03 - "LOVE YOU LOVE YOU BABY**" – B.M.I. - 2:19
Composer: - Dennis Binder
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - May 3, 1951
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-6 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958


This jumping track is essentially a loose pack age of blues clichés and raw tenor honking and squawking - the sax player Bobby Fields sounding truly wired, and contributing some wild primal screams. If it's the same guy who honked and screeched with experimental jazz man Sun Ra in the late 1950s, he got in some good practice here (and it could well be the same guy because Ra was recording songs like ''Great Balls Of Fire'' and ''Teenager's Letter Of Promises'' alongside freakier outings like ''Message To Earthman'').

James Banister >


The overall feel of Binder's record approximates a jam session which builds to a roaring climax, wh atever this racket is, it sure's hell ain't blues. The overall feel is one of a loose jam, which builds to a roaring climax: it was no doubt hugely enjoyable for the musicians involved, but is considerably less so for the listener...

It could just be coincidence, but Rosco Gordon recorded a very similars song a few months earlier, ''I Love You Better Than I Love Myself (''I love, love you baby better than I love myself...''). As Rosco's cut was unissued, it's hard to know how Binder could have heard it, although both songs might have had a common ancestor.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
James Banister - Vocal* (1) and Drums
Bobby Field - Tenor Saxophone
Dennis Binder - Piano and Vocal**(3)
Johnny Smith - Bass

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


MAY 4, 1952 SUNDAY

J.L. Frank dies in Detroit hotel room, where he's been laid up with strep throat. Referred to as ''Flo Ziegfeld of country music'', he was the first major promoter and manager in the genre, working with Pee Wee King, Roy Acuff and Minnie Pearl in a career that will place him in the Country Music Hall of Fame.

MAY 8, 1952 THURSDAY

Western-swing vocalist Leon Huff dies of a heart attack near Eufaula, Oklahoma, while riding Johnnie Lee Will's bus. He sang with Bob Wills and The Light Crust Doughboys in addition to Johnnie Lee.

MAY 10, 1952 SATURDAY

Hank Thompson takes over the number 1 position in the Billboard country chart with ''The Wild Side Of Life''.

MAY 13, 1952 TUESDAY

Hank Thompson recorded ''The New Side Off Too Fast'' during an afternoon session at Capitol's Studio on Melrose Avenue in Los Angeles, California.

MAY 14, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Tex Ritter recorded the theme song to ''High Noon'' at the Capitol Studios on Melrose Avenue in Los Angeles, California.

MAY 15, 1952 THURSDAY

Eddy Arnold recorded ''A Full Time Job'' at Brown Brothers Studio in Nashville, Tennessee.

Woody Guthrie attacks his wife at home in Manhattan with a pair of scissors. He does not hurt her, but police are called to the scene. The episode is an early sign of his illness, eventually diagnosed as Huntington's chorea.

MAY 16, 1952 FRIDAY

Hank Williams performs at the Last Frontier, kicking off his first Las Vegas stint. Williams is booked for two weeks, though he ultimately plays just one week.

One day after a domestic quarrel, Woody Guthrie checks into Jings County Hospital in New York to undergo an alcohol treatment program. He is suffering, however, not from alcoholism, but from a rare, undiagnosed disease, Huntington's chorea.

MAY 17, 1952 SATURDAY

Guitarist Pat Flynn is born in Los Angeles, California. He joins the progressive New Grass Revival in 1981, eventually becoming a studio musician and playing on hits by Lee Ann Womack, Kathy Mattea, George Strait and Conway Twitty, among others.

Johnny Horton debuts on The Louisiana Hayride in Shreveport.

A marked turning point for Chicago blues. Chess Records launched the subsidiary label   Checker, and the early fruits of the tie-up with Sam Phillips were being enjoyed. Inevitably   this gave new impetus to the revived taste for unalloyed, rural-based southern blues.

MAY 18, 1952 SUNDAY

George Strait is born in Poteet, Texas. The authentic cowboy becomes a voice for traditional country beginning in 1981, accruin more than 25 gold albums and membership in the Country Music Hall of Fame.

MAY 19, 1952 MONDAY

Hank Snow recorded ''(Now And Then) A Fool Such As I'' during an evening session in Nashville.

MAY 20, 1952 TUESDAY

Burl Ives voluntarily testifies before a congressional subcommittee in Washington, D.C., as the entertainment industry comes under political scrutiny for Communist ties. Ives denies any connection to the party.

MAY 23, 1952 FRIDAY

Hank Williams' two-week engagement at Las Vegas' Last Frontier is cancelled after just one week.

MAY 24, 1952 SATURDAY

Guitar player Rusty York and his family move from Harlan County, Kentucky, to Cincinnati on his 17th birthday. He plays on Jimmie Skinner's 1958 hit ''What Makes A Man Wander''.

Studio session for Woodrow Adams at the Memphis Recording Service for Checker Records.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR WOODROW ADAMS
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1951

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: SATURDAY MAY 24, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING SERVICE - SAM C. PHILLIPS

With Howlin' Wolf presumably selling well, Sam Phillips pitched Woodrow Adams to Chess Records, and Chess took one single. Like Wolf, Adams worked in a riff-driven groove with flashes of falsetto, but Adams lone Checker single sold so poorly that must one copy is known to survive. For one thing, Adams doesn't have Wolf's commanding presence. The eerie falsetto is straight out of Tommy Johnson via Howlin' Wolf, although Adams told David Evans that he wasn't familiar with Johnson. ''Pretty Baby Blues'' breaks down at the end, and it's quite easy to visualize Phillips in the control room gesticulating wildly to get Adams and the 3 Bs to bring the song to a halt. Three minutes and ten seconds was about the limit of a 78rpm disc in those days. Adams name checks Sylvester Hayes at one point, confirming his presence.

01 - "PRETTY BABY BLUES" - B.M.I. - 3:13
Composer: - Woodrow Adams
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - C 1030
Recorded: - May 24, 1952
Only one copy is known to survive
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm Checker 757-A mono
PRETTY BABY BLUES / SHE'S DONE COME AND DONE 
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-1-27 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

On ''She's Done Come And Gone'', this time, Adams and the Three Bs (Boogie Blues Blasters) take on Elmore James, randomly stringing together lines from other songs. In a bar on a Saturday night with a buzz from an adult beverage or two, this might sound pretty fine. In the cold light of day, Adams shortcomings come into sharper focus, and hardly need pointing out. Woodrow Adams was pretty much doomed to local stardom around Robinsville, Mississippi, where he could be seen on weekends well into the 1970s.

02 - "SHE'S DONE COME AND GONE" - B.M.I. - 2:44
Composer: - Woodrow Adams
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - C 1031
Recorded: - May 24, 1952
Only one copy is known to survive
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm Checker 757-B mono
SHE'S DONE COME AND DONE / PRETTY BABY BLUES
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-1-28 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

03 - "IF YOU DON'T WANT ME" - B.M.I. - 1:03
Composer: - Woodrow Adams
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Incomplete -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - May 24, 1952
Released: - 1990
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CD SUN 29 mono
THE SUN ARCHIVES VOLUME 1 - BLUE GUITAR
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-9 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958



''If You Don't Want Me'', this minute-long fragment is the second half of a song that tends to underline Adams' avowal that he prepared for this session by writing down the words, practising each piece and timing then. Without Hayes' harmonica, his guitar-work follows a fairly tight boogie pattern with a couple of forays into lead lines that have a prepared air about them.

Woodrow Adams, 1967 >



This session rivals that by L.B. Lawson and James Scott Jr. for the most primitive that Sam Phillips ever recorded. Woodrow doesn't seem to be too concerned that his guitar is out of tune, so perhaps we shouldn't either. He's taken the tune from "Bottle Up And Go" and put together some "Dirty Dozens"-style verses.

Having told us there are two kinds of people he just can't stand - "a nappy-headed woman and a bald-headed man" - he goes on: "I woke up this mornin'/I woke up soon/saw a bald-headed man/and I thought it was the moon".  Sylvester Hayes blows some mean amplified harmonica, while Fiddlin' Joe Martin kicks Billy-be-damned out of his bass drum.


04 - "THE LAST TIME" - B.M.I. - 2:51
Composer: - Woodrow Adams
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - May 24, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Krazy Kat Records (LP) 33rpm KK 7427 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - UNISSUED TITLES FROM THE 1950
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-10 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

''Last Time'' is a standard 12-bar blues that's played in time and in key. That's the good news. The bad news is that it is utterly undistinguished. It features the familiar blues theme of a cheating woman and the singer needing to set some limits on how badly she can continue to treat him. The record has absolutely no bottom. Occasional audible slaps suggest that a bass player may have been present on the session, although he might have been standing out on Union Avenue for all we can hear him. As on many of these stock arrangement goes to hell in a hurry when it comes time to end the track. It's plain these boys have not discussed the realistic possibility that after two and a half minutes they may actually have to stop playing.

05 - "(THE) TRAIN IS COMIN'" - B.M.I. - 3:01
Composer: - Woodrow Adams
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - May 24, 1952
Release: - August 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30127-B-1 mono
THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 12 – UNION AVENUE BREAKDOWN
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-8 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

This standard train blues is a bit tidier, helped no doubt by the slower tempo. "Porter blow the whistle/fireman rung the bell/you know ever time I think about my baby/my poor heart begin to swell". Woodrow has picked up his slide and has a fair stab at the riff which was soon to patented by Elmore James. Since he knew both Robert Nighthawk and Houston Stackhouse, its tempting to speculate on what other slide pieces were in his repertoire. In the second of his solo choruses, Sylvester Hayes plays a couple of Rice Miller licks in between imitating the train whistle.

Once again, the ending unravels before out very eyes. You should feel honored: this recording wasn't intended to be heard by the outside world. I was never a candidate for release.

06 - "TRAIN TIME" - B.M.I. - 2:46
Composer: - Woodrow Adams
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - May 24, 1952
Released: - 1987
First appearance: - P-Vine Records (LP) 33rpm P-Vine PLP 350 mono
MEMPHIS HARP & PIANO JAM
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-10 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958


Essentially, this is another take of "Train Is Comin'", with Hayes doing a very brief train imitation before the bands starts. This time around, "I hear the whistle blow/it blow just like me baby is coming home", whereas in the previous take, his baby was about to leave. There are some other minor textual-differences but the principal distinction is the better understanding between the three musicians.  Where was Sam Phillips while all this was going on? You'd think he would have come out from behind the glass to talk to these guys, trying to stir them from their lethargy, assuming, of course, he hadn't nodded off while the tape was rolling.


Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Woodrow Adams - Vocal and Guitar
Sylvester Hayes - Harmonica
Fiddlin' Joe Martin - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


MAY 25, 1952 SUNDAY

Charlie Rich marries Margaret Ann Greene in Enid, Oklahoma.

MAY 28, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Forty days after he was hired for the second time, Elvis Presley is fired from the Loewe's State Theater in Memphis for fighting with a fellow employee.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR BILLY LOVE
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS PROBABLY 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: WEDNESDAY MAY 28, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

Through 1952 Billy Love continued to work sessions at Phillips's studio and seems to have been well-regarded and possibly used as a musical arranger as well as a pianist. In April he played behind Willie Nix on the Checker single ''Truckin' Little Woman'' which may be why Sam Phillips gave him a $20 cheque from Chess, who owned Checker, on May 17. Love was also paid $41.25 in a Chess cheque on April 29, for leading the band on the Rufus Thomas session earlier that month that produced a classic drinking song, ''Decorate The Counter'', and an atmospheric blues about ''Juanita''.

01 – ''I'VE HAD TOO MUCH'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - May 28, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued/Lost

By the end of May, Love's recording of ''Drop Top'' had been out for two months and Chess apparently requested a second single from him. On May 28 he recorded two songs and on June 10, he made at least two more, resulting in masters of ''Poor Man'' and ''My Teddy Bear Baby'' being sent to Chess on June 11, for release as Chess 1516. The May session featured what may well have been Love's 'usual' band, consisting of friends from Florida Street - Richard Sanders on baritone sax, Willie Wilkes on tenor sax and John Murry Daley on drums. Love and Daley carry the rhythm themselves without need for guitar or bass players. A song called ''I've Had Too Much'' was recorded but has never been found. It may have been a drinking song and if so the fact that Phillips loaned Love a dollar that day, possibly for alcohol, was appropriate. Chess later sent a cheque for $20
for the session. The session focused on six takes of a song called ''She Takes My Appetite''.

02 – ''SHE TAKES MY APPEWTITE'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Milton Morse Love
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - May 28, 1952
Released: - Sun Unissued/Lost

One version of this was pulled out for release and retitled ''My Teddy Bear Baby''; the other versions have not survived. ''My Teddy Bear Baby'' shimmies up to us in similar style to the cute girl Billy describes in his song. This is a clever lyric about a woman who "takes Billy's appetite", the prettiest woman he's ever seen in his life. This is all very endearing until we realize the significance of the descriptions he uses. Her pretty, smooth, skin is just like an elephant's hide, her walk wobbles all over the street on oversized feet, and her cute face is like a bald teddy bear! There is a jazzy sax solo from Willie Wilkes and in all this is a very appealing track.

03 – ''MY TEDDY BEAR BABY'' - B.M.I. - 3:00
Composer: - Milton Morse Love
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - 1033
Recorded: - May 28, 1952
Released: - August 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm Chess 1516-A mono
MY TEDDY BEAR BABY / POOR MAN
Reissued: - 2011 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17149 mono
GEE... I WISH

Note: The song released as ''My Teddy Bear Baby'' was apparently the same song as ''She Takes My Appetite''.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Billy Love – Vocal & Piano
John Murry Daley – Drums
Richard Sanders – Baritone Saxophone
Willie Wikes – Tenor Saxophone

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR HOWLIN' WOLF
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: MAY/JUNE 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

MOST OF THE REPERTOIRE ON THIS SESSION WAS DUBBED
FROM ACETATE OR DISC SOURCE
MANY OF THE ORIGINAL MASTER TAPES HAVE BEEN LOST

01 - "WORRIED ALL THE TIME" - B.M.I. - 3:06
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - None
Recorded: - Probably May-June 1952
Released: - Approx July 1, 1952. Definitely not part of April 17 session.
First appearance: - Chess Record (S) 78rpm standard single Chess 1515-B mono
WORRIED ALL THE TIME / SADDLE MY PONY
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-8 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

Noted as "How Many More Times" in Phillips' log.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Howlin' Wolf - Vocal, Harmonica and Guitar
Willie Johnson - Guitar
Willie Steele - Drums
William Johnson – Piano

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


MAY 30, 1952 SUNDAY

''Apache Country'' debuts in movie houses, with Gene Autry coming to the rescue of a native tribe that's being manipulated with alcohol by deceptive white men. Pat Buttram makes his standard appearance. Autry sings ''Cold, Cold Heart''.

Troy Ruttman wins the Indianapolis 500 auto race. Among the fans in attendance, country hitmaker Tiny Hill.

MAY 31, 1952 MONDAY

Rosco Gordon's new rhythm and blues single ''Hey, Fat Girl'' b/w ''Tell Daddy'' (Duke R 101) released.

JUNE 1952

Duke Records issues a second Rosco Gordon single "New Orleans Women", which the   incorrigible Rosco also cuts for RPM Records. The Biharis duly issue an injunction against   Duke, but the latter maintain that they have an AFM contract with Rosco, whereas RPM have   an artist contract. Both are considered valid.

Sam Phillips records Billy Love, "Poor Man" is paired up with "My Teddy Bear Baby" for Love's   last Chess release (Chess 1516).

JUNE 1, 1952 SUNDAY

Misty Rowe is born in Glendora, California. She joins the cast of ''Hee Haw'' in 1972, remaining with the show for 19 years.

JUNE 3, 1952 TUESDAY

Marty Robbins recorded his first charted single ''I'll Go On Alone'', plus ''Pretty Words'' during the afternoon session at Dallas' Jim Beck Studio.

Keyboard player Billy Powell is born in Corpus Christi, Texas. With Lynyrd Skynyrd, he performs on the rock classic ''Sweet Home Alabama'', cited in the Country Music Foundation book ''Heartaches By The Number, among country's 500 greatest singers.

JUNE 5, 1952 THURSDAY

Porter Wagoner signs a recording deal with RCA Records though the label commits only to recorded four songs.

Woody Guthrie is released from the alcohol program at Kings County Hospital in New York following a three-week detoxification program. Within days, he is drinking again, and threatening to kill himself

A grand jury in Macon, Georgia, indicts Frank Tanner for the murder of Bud Penniman, the father of Little Richard, in February. The case is later dismissed. Little Richard writes the country hit ''Lucille (You Won't Do Your Daddy's Will)''.

JUNE 10, 1952 TUESDAY

Tom Schuyler is born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He writes Kenny Rogers ''Love Will Turn You Around'', Lacy J. Dalton's ''16th Avenue'' and Eddie Rabbitt's ''I Don't Know Where To Start'' before joining Schuyler, Knobloch & Overstreet. He also serves as the head of RCA's country division. 

Studio session with Billy Love at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee.

SUMMER 1952

Demo session for Jerry Lee Lewis at Cosimo Matassa J&M Recording Studio, New Orleans.


During the summer of 1952, a 16-year-old Jerry Lee Lewis and his buddy Cecil Harrelson were on the road looking out places for Jerry to get some steady gigs. Lewis had recently finished a short stay at the Southwestern Bible Institute in Waxahachie, Texas, where he had been asked to leave for cutting loose on ''My God Is Real'' during assembly time; this popular gospel song has been recorded by such artists as Mahalia Jackson, Johnny Cash and Don Gibson. The dean was not impressed and sent Jerry Lee packing back to Louisiana.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Session Published for Historical Reasons 

DEMO RECORDING FOR JERRY LEE LEWIS
AT THE J&M RECORDING STUDIO 1952

COSIMO MATASSA'S RECORDING STUDIO
838 NORTH RAMPART STREET, NEW ORLEANS
PRIVATE RECORDING – MID SUMMER -1952
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER – COSIMO MATASSA

After steady dates in his hometown of Ferriday, Louisiana, at the Dixie Club and the Hilltop Club in Natchez, Mississippi, Jerry Lee took off with Cecil to New Orleans to find work in the clubs of the Big Easy. While in New Orleans, Jerry Lee heard about Cosimo Matassa's J&M Recording Studios from local musicians and so he and Cecil headed over to 838 North Rampart Street and Dumaine. After making inquiries with Cosimo, Jerry Lee learned he could record a demonstration disc for the sum of $2.50. After forcing the money out of Cecil, Jerry Lee proceeded to the piano stool to record what has now been identified as his first studio recordings. At J&M he was following in the hallowed footsteps of hot New Orleans rhythm and blues artists such as Fats Domino, Roy Brown, Smiley Lewis, Professor Longhair and Lloyd Price.

1 – ''DON'T STAY AWAY ('TIL LOVE GROWS COLD)'' – B.M.I. - 2:23
Composer: - Lefty Frezzell-Loys Sunderland
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Acetate
No tapes and no safety copies
Recorded: - Summer 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - J&M (S) 78rpm acetate mono
DON'T STAY AWAY (TILL LOVE GROWS COLD) / JERRY'S BOOGIE
Reissued: - June 13, 2006 Time Life Music (CD) 500/200rpm M19232-3-19 mono 
JERRY LEE LEWIS – A HALF CENTURY OF HITS

(P) 2006 Cecil Harrelson by arrangement with Brasstacks Alliance, and  Courtesy of Cecil Harrelson and Pont Neuf by arrangement with Brassstacks Alliance.

Jerry Lee laid down two tracks that day in 1952: a recent Lefty Frizzell number 2 country hit, Don't Stay Away (Till Love Grows Cold) (a chart record from April through July) where Jerry's vocal hits the falsetto in all the right places and he plays along in a very confident manner; for the second track of his demo acetate Jerry Lee chose a self-composed instrumental Jerry's Boogie (aka New Orleans Boogie) and proceeded to play a very skillful piano boogie-woogie showcasing his immense talent even though only 16 years old. Little wonder then, some four years later Jerry Lee walked into another studio in Memphis, Tennessee, where Jack Clement and Sam Phillips struck gold. The Ferriday wonder kid would, of course, find fame and notoriety the world over. But full credit to Cosimo Matassa who can rightfully lay claim to recording Jerry Lee Lewis first, at J&M Studios in New Orleans.

2 – ''JERRY'S BOOGIE'' – B.M.I. - 1:57
Composer: - Jerry Lee Lewis
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None – Acetate (aka ''New Orleans Boogie'')
No tapes and no safety copies
Recorded: - Summer 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - J&M (S) 78rpm acetate mono
JERRY'S BOOGIE / DON'T STAY AWAY (TILL LOVE GROWS COLD)
Reissued: - June 13, 2006 Time Life Music (CD) 500/200rpm M19232-3-20 mono
JERRY LEE LEWIS – A HALF CENTURY OF HITS

The instrumental's title has always been known to the Lewis fraternity as 'Jerry's Boogie', but ''New Orleans Boogie'' was chosen for a Time-Life release in acknowledgment of its recording location and is now the legal title.

(P) 2006 Cecil Harrelson by arrangement with Brasstacks Alliance, and  Courtesy of Cecil Harrelson and Pont Neuf by arrangement with Brassstacks Alliance.
 
Name (Or. No. of Instruments)
Jerry Lee Lewis – Vocal and Piano

Fast forward to January 2006, the acetate Jerry Lee laid down at J&M 54 years earlier was given a new lease of life when it was taken to the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville. There, studio engineer Alan Stoker, son of Jordanaires Gordon Stoker, transferred the acetate to digital format in the presence of Cecil Harrelson. Jerry Lee's first demo recordings finally saw release on a 3-CD Time-Life box set, A Half Century Of Hits in late 2006, thus allowing us the chance of hearing what Cosimo had recorded way back in 1952.

Notes: Jerry Lee had been performing in clubs since his early teens in various Louisiana towns and some in Texas. Despite his young age and regardless of local laws, he managed to find work with very little problem once club owners had heard him play.

   © - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR BILLY LOVE
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: TUESDAY JUNE 10, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

For some reason the June session for Love, featured an entirely different band featuring Jimmy Johnson and Harvey Simmons on saxes, Arthur Martin on drums and Lee Patterson on trumpet. The June session produced two instrumentals, neither of which have survived, and a song lodged as ''Poor Poor Man'' but issued correctly as ''Poor Man''. If ''Teddy Bear'' was great tun, in contrast ''Poor Man'' was a seriously slow blues, sung from the heart. Billy lists how every penny he gets goes to pay some kind of bill, and how he can't understand why he works hard but for nothing. His pleading vocal is underscored by an excellent, sax solo from Harvey Simmons.

01 – ''POOR MAN'' - B.M.I. - 3:18
Composer: - Milton Morse Love
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - 1034
Recorded: - June 10, 1952
Released: - August 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm Chess 1516-B mono
POOR MAN / MY TEDDY BEAR BABY
Reissued: - 2011 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17149 mono
GEE... I WISH

02 – ''UNTITLED INSTRUMENTAL'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Milton Morse Love
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 - Sun Unissued/Lost
Recorded: - June 10, 1952

03 – ''UNTITLED INSTRUMENTAL'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Milton Morse Love
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 - Sun Unissued/Lost
Recorded: - June 10, 1952

Chess 1516 was issued towards the end of 1952 and it is one of the rarest of all Chess discs. It seems to have received little promotion from Chess but Love was not alone in this. A blues on Checker by Woodrow Adams issued at the same time received little backing and even Muddy Waters's latest release went under- promoted at the time. Some of this may have been linked to the declining though still active relationship between Chess and Sam Phillips and some of it to the efforts the Chess company was making to promote two records that were hitting hard - Little Walter's ''Juke'' that topped the rhythm and blues charts that fall and Willie Mabon's ''I Don't Know'' that was number one by January 1953.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Billy Love – Vocal & Piano
Arthur Martin – Drums
Jimmy Johnson – Tenor Saxophone
Harvet Simmons – Tenor Saxophone
Lee Patterson – Trumpet

We have no record of what Billy Love did to promote or cash in on the release of his two Chess discs during 1952 but he may have done some travelling either on his own account or with Rosco Gordon because Sam Phillips's notebooks have no studio entries for Love for a period of six months.

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


JUNE 11, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Multi-instrumentalist Nancy Short is born in Independence, Missouri. Following her marriage to folk artist Norman Blake, she's known as Nancy Blake, appearing on the Grammy-winning ''O Brother, Where Art Thou'' soundtrack.

Donnie Van Zant is born in Jacksonville, Florida. A brother of Lynyrd Skynrd's Ronnie Van Zant, he joins 38 Special in the 1970s and forms a side project, Van Zant, with brother Johnny, making inroads in country music in 2005

Sonny James holds his first Capital Records recording session.

JUNE 12, 1952 THURSDAY

Jamieson ''Junior'' Brown is born in Kirksville, Indiana. Hailed for his instrumental work on his self-designed steel guitar, he becomes a critics' favorite in the 1990s and wins the Country Music Association's video award for ''My Wife Thinks You're Dead''.

JUNE 13, 1952 FRIDAY

Hank Williams recorded ''Jambalaya (On The Bayou)'', ''Settin' The Woods On Fire'' and ''I\ll Never Get Out Of This World Alive'' at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

Jim and Jesse recorded ''Are You Missing Me'' in Nashville with Sonny James on fiddle. The song is ranked among country's 500 greatest singles in the Country Music Foundation book ''Heartaches By The Number''.

Hank Snow visits patients at the Charles Camsell TB Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta. One of the patients, Harry Rusk, is inspired to become a singing Canadian evangelist.

JUNE 14, 1952 SATURDAY

Woody Guthrie is checked in to Bellevue Hospital in New York, after treatening to kill himself. Doctors label him schizophrenic, though they are uncertain about his illness. It is later discovered to be a rare disease, Huntington's chorea.

Hank Williams meets his future wife, Billie Jean Jones, backstage at the Ryman Auditorium during a Grand Ole Opry performance.

Rosco Gordon's ''Tell Daddy'' (Duke R1) enters the local charts in New Orleans.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR WALTER BRADFORD
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: SATURDAY JUNE 14, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

Walter Bradford was a 17-year-old disc jockey in Forrest City, Arkansas, and Sam Phillips cut these sides with the hopes a placing the titles with Chess Records. (A couple of months earlier, Bradford's "Dreary Nights"/"Nuthin' But The Blues" had been paired up release on SUN 176, but had been withdraw). 

01 - "REWARD FOR MY BABY*" - B.M.I. - 3:01
Composer: - Walter Bradford
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - June 14, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30126-B-3 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK - VOLUME 11 - MEMPHIS BLUES SOUNDS
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-11 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

''Reward For My Baby'', this,  however, is a powerful and arresting track and it bears an uncanny resemblance to James Cotton's "Cotton Crop Blues", recorded a couple of years later. Both titles feature guitarist Pat Hare, and it is Hare's work which enhances the similarity. This would only seems to have been Hare's second session - and if it was, then its readily apparent that he'd emerged from Arkansas with a fully- formed style, which already incorporated that familiar distorted tone. The sheer uninhibited force of his playing here really is quite remarkable - and to complete the parallel with "Cotton Crop Blues" there is the same ominous piano played by  Louis Calvin Hubert , and an anguished vocal delivery by Bradford which is surprisingly similar to Cotton's version.

02 - "LOVE FOR MY BABY*" - B.M.I. - 2:14
Composer: - Walter Bradford
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - June 14, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm Sunbox 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-12 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

Like Willie Nix and Jimmy DeBerry a couple of months earlier, Bradford tackles Robert Lockwood's traditional ''Take A Little Walk'' - albeit with a slightly amended lyric. His high-pitched vocal delivery rather betrays his youth, and on this side he is frequently overshadowed by Pat Hare's merciless guitar chops. If a complete acetate of Bradford's Sun 78 is ever found, perhaps we'll hear something that Sam Phillips heard, and something we don't hear in the unissued sides.

03 - "TOO BLUE TO CRY*" - B.M.I. - 2:47
Composer: - Walter Bradford
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - June 14, 1952
Released: - 1990
First appearance: - Charly Records  (CD) 500/200rpm CD SUN 38 mono
THE SUN BLUES ARCHIVES - VOLUME 6 - TOO BLUE TO CRY 
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-5-3 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

Other than Pat Hare's dominant and unmistakable guitar playing on ''Too Blue To Cry'' there is little to commend this side to your attention. Hare's playing is usually cause for celebration. This is no excepten, although you have to put up with Bradford's unremarkable singing, consistently erratic sense of timing, and the presence of somebody ( Louis Calvin Hubert , perhaps?) crying incessantly throughout the track. This title, recorded in 1952, was part of the ''crying blues'' tradition that enjoyed some popularity in the early 1950s (see Rosco Gordon's ''Weeping Blues'' for a local example) before it mercifully wore itself, and many listeners, out. Again, Pat Hare offers a solo that comes close to his playing on ''Cotton Crop Blues'', two years before that iconic work with James Cotton was recorded.

04 - "LUCY DONE MOVED**" - 1 - B.M.I. - 2:25
Composer: -   Louis Calvin Hubert
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - June 14, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm SUNBOX 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-13 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

Although listed in the files as a Bradford vocal, the singer here on ''Lucy Done Moved'' is quite obviously older than the one heard on the previous songs. As we know what Pat Hare sounds like as a singer, we're guessing that pianist  Louis Calvin Hubert  takes the vocal here. It's a Joe Tuner-style blues without Turner's commanding presence, but still a solid performance highlighted by Hare's coruscating guitar. Hubert was the pianist on some of Howlin' Wolf's recordings, and made his last appearance at Sun with another Arkansas-based combo, Sammy Lewis and Willie Johnson. From there, his trail goes cold. Bradford reportedly moved to Kansas City, Missouri, and evokes just the faintest memories from those around at that time. He died in 1995. Drummer Jerry Lee walker later worked sessions in St. Louis and played with Oliver Sain and Little Milton... both of whom were based there, but he too is now deceased. Hare's story is recounted elsewhere on this sessions website.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Walter Bradford - Vocal*
 Louis Calvin Hubert  - Piano** and Vocal - 1
Pat Hare - Guitar
Jerry Walker – Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Back in Laurel, Mississippi played south-east Mississippi, venturing as far as New Orleans to open for hank Williams. ''I saw him play live'', said McDaniel. ''And it just about changed everything I had thought and done before. He set the standards: I wanted to sound like him, be like him. He really wielded an influence with songs like ''I saw The Light'', ''Lovesick Blues'', ''Mind Your Own Business'', and he made me see I had to get a record made''. The nearest record label of any size was Trumpet Records in Jackson, Mississippi. Operated by Mrs. Lillian McMurry, Trumpet was primarily  a blues label, and McDaniel represented one of her first ventures into hillbilly music.

Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR LUKE MCDANIEL
FOR TRUMPET RECORDS 1952

RADIO WFOR STUDIO, HATTIESBURG, MISSISSIPPI
TRUMPET SESSION: SUNDAY JUNE 15, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER – UNKNOWN

Luke McDaniel

Always stood high among rockabilly fans for ''Whoa Boy'', a seminal proto-rockabilly number from 1952 on 
Trumpet Records. Future Sun recording artist Luke Jefferson McDaniel was born in Laurel, Mississippi on 
February 3, 1927, and grew up in Ellisville, just north of New Orleans to Jesse and Viola McDaniel. With his 
parents separated early, Luke stayed with his mother until he left school at the age of 14, at which point he 
returned to Laurel to find a job. He shared lodgings with a local guitarist, Howard Overstreet, which helped 
to foster Luke's interest in the music of Gene Autry,Ernest Tubb and the Bailes Brothers.

Luke's first job in 
Laurel was at the local Cotton Mill, where he worked with an aspiring musician Red Davis. After a mutually 
satisfactory trade with Red, Luke ended up with a mandolin, which he learned to play in a matter of months. 
Howard, Red, Luke formed a trio to work regularly on early morning local radio, which in turn, encouraged 
Luke to learn to play guitar. Luke decided that life at the Cotton Mill was not for him and the trio became a 
full time band, working the local Night Club scene.

The traveling Jam Up & Honey Show staring Texas Ruby and Gabe Tucker came through Laurel and caught    
Luke's band in action and liked what they saw. They asked Luke to join the show, which he did, learning  
 
much from the sheer professionalism on display at every show. 

A major attraction for Luke, at this time, was  
 
the fact that Ruby and Gabe were regular recording artists, something that Luke was now strongly aspiring  
towards. Meetings and watching Hank Williams in 1950 and again in 1952, fired up the young McDaniel's  
 
energy even more and in 1952, Luke approached Lillian McMurry of Trumpet Records in Jackson,  
 
Mississippi.

Lillian and her assistant, Howard Kelly, both liked Luke's style and his writing ability, prompting them to  
offer him a four song session working with Jimmy Swan's band. From that session ''Whoa Boy" is probably  
the hit that never was, with strong guitar showing early leanings towards rockabilly. Luke also cut "A Tribute  
to Hank Williams - My Buddy" for Trumpet, which was drowned in the surfeit of Hank Williams tributes  
that emerged, after the singer's early death on January 1, 1953. "Whoa Boy" did well locally, especially in  
New Orleans, where local disc jockey Red Smith wore out the grooves.

01 - ''THIS CRYING HEART'' - B.M.I.
Composer: Luke McDaniel
Publisher: - Goble Music
Matrix number: - DRC-124
Recorded: - June 15, 1952
Released: - January 1953
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 45/78rpm Trumpet 185 mono
THIS CRYING HEART / A TRIBUTE TO HANK WILLIAMS, MY BUDDY

02 – ''WHOA BOY!' - B.M.I. - 2:58
Composer: Luke McDaniel
Publisher: - Diam Music
Matrix number: - DRC-125
Recorded: - June 15, 1952
Released: - November 1952
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 45/78rpm Trumpet 184-A mono
WHOA BOY! / NO MORE
Reissue: - Stomper Time (CD) 500/200rpm Stomper Time STCD 24-7 mono
LUKE MCDANIEL - MISSISSIPPI HONKY TONK ROCKABILLY MAN

McDaniel's first single ''Whoa Boy'', sold well in some markets, particularly New Orleans. Issued in 1952, it was rooted in Hank Williams' up-tempo numbers. The second Trumpet single was a maudlin tribute to Williams, who'd died as 1953 dawned.

03 - ''NO MORE' - B.M.I.
Composer: Luke McDaniel
Publisher: - Diam Music
Matrix number: - DRC-126
Recorded: - June 15, 1952
Released: - November 1952
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 45/78rpm Trumpet 184-B mono
NO MORE / WHOA BOY!

Trumpet 185 misnumbered as Trumpet 184

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Luke McDaniel - Vocal & Guitar
Roy Lofye - Guitar
Clayton Parker - Fiddle
Hilton Giger - Bass

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


SUN 176 - "Dreary Nights"/"Nuthin' But The Blues", in all the forty-plus years that Sun  Records have been collected no-one has yet found a copy of this, giving credence to the  notion that it never reached the streets - not even in Bradford's home town, Forrest City,  Arkansas. Bradford was a disc jockey there, so it would have been a politically correct move  to release a record by him, but it appears as though the reaction to the advance dubs from  other disc jockey was sufficiently negative to convince Phillips not to do it (Colin Escott).

JUNE 15, 1952 SUNDAY

Hank Williams writes ''Your Cheatin' Heart''.

The movie ''Rough, Tough West'' debuts in theaters, with a role for Pee Wee King and His Golden West Cowboys.

''I Dream Of Jeannie'', a biography of 19th-century songwriter Stephen Foster, appears in movie theaters, with Rex Allen narrating.

JUNE 16, 1952 MONDAY

Ernest Tubb recorded ''Fortunes In Memories'', during an afternoon session at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

JUNE 17, 1952 TUESDAY

MGM cancels its movie contract with Hank Williams.

JUNE 20, 1952 FRIDAY

Gene Autry and Rosemary Clooney recorded ''The Night Before Christmas Sing'' in Hollywood.

JUNE 21, 1952 SATURDAY

Capitol released Tex Ritter's ''High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me)'' one week before Columbia released Frankie Laine's version.


JUNE 21, 1952 SATURDAY

''Biharis Seek Injunction Against Tri-State: Hollywood
The Biharis brothers, who operate the Modern and RPM labels here sought an injunction this week against a Memphis, Tennessee firm, the Tri-State Recording Company which has been issuing wax for the past three months on the Duke label. Action is intended to restrain Tri-State from releasing any further masters by Rosco Gordon, rhythm and blues vocalist whom the Biharis claim is contracted to them.

The Biharis claim they have an exclusive AFM pact with Gordon and a separate exclusive vocalist disking pact with the Tennessee singer, who has had a number of hits on RPM. Jules Bihari stated that Tri-State has issued disks by Gordon, with the label crediting 'Rosco Gordon'. The latest Duke release, they allege, is a copy of Rosco Gordon's current release on RPM, ''New Orleans Women''.

Several months ago, Gordon was the object of another hassle in which both Chess Records of Chicago and RPM  were releasing Gordon masters. Differences were settled amicably when Chess and RPM swapped artists, masters and exclusive pacts''.

JUNE 23, 1952 MONDAY

Decca released Kitty Wells' ''Ii Wasn't God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels'' and ''Till The End Of The World'', a country hit by Bing Crosby and Grady Martin and His Slew Foot Five.

JUNE 24, 1952 TUESDAY

Guitarist Steuart Smith is born in Baltimore, Maryland. He plays on hits by Rodney Crowell, Rosanne Cash, Vince Gill, Mary Chapin Carpenter and Wynonna.

JUNE 25, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Don Gibson signs with Columbia Records, his third label. He holds three recording sessions for the company over the next two years.

JUNE 26, 1952 THURSDAY

The ''Wayne King'' music series ends a three-year run on NBC-TV Midwest network. The show's  theme song, ''The Waltz You Saved For Me'', becomes a country hit 10 years later for Ferlin Husky.

JUNE 28, 1952 SATURDAY

Future Academy of Country Music awards producer Dick Clark marries his first wife, Barbara Mallery.


JULY 1952

After his final job by the International Shoe Company, future Sun recording artist Ray Smith entered the Air Force. By this point he had already met his wife-to-be, Lillie. ''I joined the Air Force in July 1952, he told his fan club president Tommie Wix. ''One day at work a friend of mine came to me at lunchtime and said, 'Let's go swimming'. We did, and this brought about my resignation or otherwise be fired'. That led the lead to my enlistment. I was transferred to George Air Force Base, Victorville, California. After nineteen months in Metz, France I was returned to the USA, New York City, where I was discharged with honors and medals for service beyond the call of duty''.

Ray Smith began singing under orders from his sergeants: ''I was in basic training at Sampson Air Force Base in Syracuse, New York. There was a talent show and the men in my unit told the C.O. 'Smitty can sing'. The song i sang was ''Lovesick Blues''. I won first prize. That's what influenced me into music, and I have been doing it ever since. I had my first paying job as an entertainer at Nora's Desert Inn, Barstow, California at $12.50 a night, Friday and Saturday only''. In France, Ray and his wife Lillie lived off base. At night and on weekends, Ray played servicemen's clubs. For a time, he considered a career in the Air Force but left in June 1956. 

JULY 1952

Article in the rhythm and blues magazine ''Beat' reports: ''We are proud of the opportunity given to many entertainers in the Southern field, thru the media of radio station WDIA in Memphis. Some of the boys who have done well from there are Rufus Thomas, B.B. King, Nat Williams, Rosco Gordon, A.C. ''Moohah'' Williams, Jackie Brenston, the Spirit of Memphis Quartet, the Gospel Travelers and Reverend Brewster (the latter three are from the gospel field). A few of these enterprising young men are starting their own company, Tri-State Recording. The label will be called Duke. First batch of releases are out and should be good sellers in the rhythm and blues market''.

The Summer Olympics begin in Helsinki, Finland during July of 1952. A total of 69 counties participated in the games with the Soviet Union and Israel doing so for the first time. There were 149 total events with 4,955 athletes competing in them. The United States won the most medals with 76 and the Soviet Union won the second most with 71, the host nation came in eighth place on the medals table with a total of 22 medals. These games also marked the first time that equestrian competitions allowed women to compete with men in mixed events. 

JULY 1952

Sam Phillips records Rosco Gordon again, this time for Duke Records. Meanwhile, "No More  Doggin'" finally drops off the Rhythm and Blues listings after peaking at number 2 in a 15- week chart run. Rosco is on the road with The Clovers.

JULY 1, 1952 TUESDAY

CBS debuts the twice-a-week series ''Music Hall'', hosted by Patty Page.

JULY 3, 1952 THURSDAY

Dick Curless marries Pauline Green

JULY 5, 1952 SATURDAY

The clogging troupe Ralph Sloan and The Tennessee Travelers joins the Grand Ole Opry,  at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee.

Rosco Gordon's ''New Orleans Wimmen'' (RPM 358) enters the local charts in Atlanta.

JULY 7, 1952 MONDAY

Keyboard player Floyd Domino is born. He becomes a member of Asleep At The Wheel and plays with George Strait, appearing on such hits as ''Love Without End, Amen'', ''I've Come To Expect It From You'' and ''If You Ain't Lovin' (You Ain't Livin')''.

JULY 8, 1952 TUESDAY

The afternoon before marrying June Carter, Carl Smith recorded ''Our Honeymoon'' at Nashville's Castle Studio in the Tulane Hotel.

Johnny Horton holds his first recording session for Mercury Records.

JULY 9, 1952 WEDNESDAY

June Carter marries Carl Smith at his sister's house in Alcoa, Tennessee.

JULY 10, 1952 THURSDAY

Hank and Audrey Williams are divorced for the second and final time.

Tennessee Ernie Ford recorded ''Blackberry Boogie'' at the Capitol Studios on Melrose Avenue in Hollywood, California.

Studio session with Howlin' Wolf at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee.  More details unknown.

JULY 11, 1952 FRIDAY

Hank Williams recorded ''You Win Again'' a day after his divorce is finalized, along with ''I Won't Be Home No More'' at the Castle Studio in Nashville's Tulane Hotel.

JULY 12, 1952 SATURDAY

Keyboard player Randy McCormick is born in Rogersvill, Alabama. Ho co-writes Eddie Rabbitt's ''Suspicious'' and Conway Twitty's ''Crazy In Love'', and plays on singles by George Strait, Ricky Van Shelton and Kenny Chesney, among others.

''Tri-State Denies modern injunction on Rosco Gordon denying earlier published reports to the contrary, Tri-State Recording, the Memphis-based firm which produces disks under the Duke label, stated this week that Modern Records, West Coast indie, has not sought an injunction against them in an ongoing dispute involving Rosco Gordon, rhythm and blues chanter, David Mattis, head of Duke, further mentioned that the contract between Gordon and his company had been approved by the American Federation of Musicians.

According to Mattis, ''the AFM has sent a letter to Modern, explaining that Duke's contract with Rosco Gordon was approved and, as far as the Federation is concerned, the singer is under contract to Duke. Gordon's single of '''New Orleans Wimmen'' is an original on the Duke label, which was later recorded and released before the Duke version'', Mattis said.

JULY 14, 1952 MONDAY

''The Eddy Arnold Show'' debuts as a summer replacement series on CBS-TV, but ends up running on all three major networks through September 1956.

The movie ''Son Of Paleface'' debuts in theaters with Bob Hope, Roy Rogers and Jane Russell singing ''Buttons And Bows''. Bing Crosby makes a cameo appearance.

JULY 15, 1952 TUESDAY

Blue Miller, of The Gibson/Miller Band, is born in Detroit. The Academy of Country Music names the band the Top New Group or Duo in 1994, but Dave Gibson leaves later that year, imploding the group after just one hit, ''Texas Tattoo''.

Webb Pierce recorded ''I Haven't Got The Heart'' during an afternoon session at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

Woody Guthrie is released from New York's Bellevue Hospital, following a one-month stay in which he was diagnosed, incorrectly, as schizophrenic. Within hours, he is drunk and has a fight with his family.

At the age of eight, Gladys Knight receiver &2,000 as the winner of ''The Original Amateur Hour'', hosted by Ted Mack on NBC-TV. She goes on to receive a nomination from the Country Music Association in 1994.

Goldie Hill has her first recording session, for Decca Records in Nashville.

JULY 16, 1952 WEDNESDAY

A day after his release from Bellevue Hospital in New York, Woody Guthrie checks into Kings County Hospital, convinced he needs to combat an alcohol addiction. His real problem, still undiagnosed, is a neurological disease, Huntington's chorea.

JULY 17, 1952 THURSDAY

Nicolette Larson is born in Helena, Montana. Best known for the 1979 pop hit ''Lotta Love'', her brief country career yields a single duet with Steve Wariner, ''That's How You Know When Love's Right''.

Arranger and guitarist Billy Strange recorded ''Bumming Around''. The song is a country hit the following year for Jimmy Dean and for T. Texas Tyler. Strange arranged and co-wrote with Mac Davis Elvis Presley's ''A Little Less Conversation''. 

JULY 18, 1952 FRIDAY

MGM released Hank Williams' ''Jambalaya (On The Bayou)''.

Bill Monroe recorded ''In The Pines'' in an afternoon at Nashville's Castle Studio in the Tulane Hotel. The performance is ranked among the 500 greatest country singles in history in the Country Music Foundation book ''Heartaches By The Number''.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR JOE HILL LOUIS
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: FRIDAY JULY 18, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

There's no shortage of blues (or hillbilly songs, for that matter) about women who don't come home at night, but it's unusual to name the woman who doesn't come home... and then marry her one week later, as Joe Hill Louis did when he married Dorothy Mae Pearson on July 25, 1952.

01 - "DOROTHY MAE" - B.M.I. – 2:04
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - C 1035 A
Recorded: - July 18, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm standard single Checker 763-B mono
DOROTHY MAE / WHEN I AM GONE
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15524-2 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - THE BE-BOP BOY

Although Louis worked live as a one-man-band, Sam Phillips had begun to record him with other musicians. On paper, the combination of Louis, Walter Horton, Jack Kelly and Willie Nix would have been expected to come up with something a little less commonplace than this: none of the musicians is less than competent, but neither are they any more than that. Horton resolutely comps his rhythm, even through the solo chorus, and neither Kelly or Nix can be heard well enough to discern what they might be doing. That leaves Joe, who happily belts out his verses, all about the said Lady, whom he seems to be getting rid of after she's already left anyway. Who said that women are the weaker sex?

Sam Phillips must have had high hopes when he shipped off the masters to Chess Records, but it didn't sell and Chess took nothing else by Louis and very little else from Phillips.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Joe Hill Louis - Vocal and Guitar
Walter Horton - Harmonica
Jack Kelly - Piano
Willie Nix – Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


JULY 19, 1952 SATURDAY

Guitarist Allen Collins is born in Jacksonville, Florida. During junior high school, he helps form Lynyrd Skynyrd, whose ''Sweet Home Alabama'' ranks among country's 500 greatest singles in the Country Music Foundation book ''Heartaches By The Number''.

JULY 21, 1952 MONDAY

Studio session with Rosco Gordon at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

As a result Sam Phillips was forced to find other outlets. In July he recorded Rosco Gordon for a new Memphis label, Duke Records, which precipitated yet another lawsuit from the Bihari brothers. By the end of the summer, Duke, which had been started by WDIA's white program director, David James Mattis, had been taken over by Don Robey, the light-skinned owner of Peacock Records in Houston, Texas, and reputedly the city's black numbers boss, who was said to have put a gun on his desk and declared, whether by word or gesture, ''We have a deal''.

STUDIO SESSION FOR ROSCO GORDON
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR DUKE RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: MONDAY JULY 21, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 - "TOO MANY WOMEN" - B.M.I. - 2:55
Composer: - James
Publisher: - Lion Music Published
Matrix number: - 2264
Recorded: - July 21, 1952
Released: - November 29, 1952
First appearance: - Duke Records (S) 78rpm standard single Duke R-109-A mono
TOO MANY WOMEN / WISE TO YOU BABY
Reissued: 2013 One Day Music Internet iTunes MP3-54 mono
THE SUN BLUES STORY

02 - "WISE TO YOU BABY" - B.M.I. - 2:52
Composer: - James
Publisher: - Lion Music Published
Matrix number: - 2265
Recorded: - July 21, 1952
Released: - November 29, 1952
First appearance: - Duke Records (S) 78rpm standard single Duke R-109-B mono
WISE TO YOU BABY / TOO MANY WOMEN

03 - "I'M WISE TO YOU''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - July 21, 1952

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Rosco Gordon - Vocal & Piano
The Beale Streeters
Probably
Johnny Ace - Piano
Bobby Bland - Guitar
Billy Duncan - Saxophone
Earl Forrest - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


JULY 22, 1952 TUESDAY

Bass player Mike Chapman is born. He plays on nearly all of Garth Brooks' hits, plus Kathy Matttea's ''Burning Old Memories'' and Sammy Kershaw's ''Third Rate Romance'', among others .

Woody Guthrie is transferred from Kings County Hospital to Brooklyn State Hospital for two months of psychiatric examination. During his stay, he undergoes shock therapy and is eventually diagnosed with a neurological disease, Huntington's chorea.

JULY 24, 1952 THURSDAY

The western ''High Noon'' opens with starring roles for Gary Cooper, Lloyd Bridges, Grace Kelly and Lon Chaney. The soundtrack album is released simultaneously, with Tex Ritter singing the title track.

JULY 25, 1952 FRIDAY

Rodeo rider Rex Allen and sidekick Slim Pickens come to the aid of the Army in the western ''Old Oklahoma Plains'', which debuts in theaters. Woodwind player Darol Rice has a cameo role.

''Barbed Wire'' appears in movie theaters with Gene Autry portraying a cattle buyer. He's backed by Pat Buttram, Clayton Moore, Frankie Marvin and Jerry Scoggins.

JULY 26, 1952 SATURDAY

''Peacock gets Duke label includes Gordon pact: Houston. Peacock Records, the rhythm and blues indie headed here by Don Robey and Irving Marcus, has taken over the Memphis-based plattery, Duke Records. The new Duke firm is headed by Robey, Marcus and David Mattis of Tri-State Recording. Peacock will continue to issue wax under the Duke label as well as its own rhythm and blues and spiritual platters.

Duke will be operated in the same manner as Peacock, with one pressing plant in the east, one in the south and one in California...

First releases on Duke include ''My Song'' by Johnny Ace, ''Baby Baby'' and ''Rock The Bottle'' by Earl Forest, and ''New Orleans Wimmen'' and ''T-Model Boogie'' by Rosco Gordon. Latter represents one of the most valuable properties acquired in the deal, with Gordon now under exclusive contract to Duke, according to officials of that company''.

JULY 28, 1952 MONDAY

Guitarist Robert ''Jabbo'' Arrington dies at General Hospital in Nashville. He appeared on Little Dickens' ''A Sleeping At The Foot Of The Bad'' and ''Hillbilly Fever'', plus several recordings by Carl Smith.

JULY 29, 1952 TUESDAY

Webb Pierce recorded ''Back Street Affair'' during a afternoon session at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

Jim Rice is born. At age 22, he becomes the father of a future country star, John Rice.

JULY 30, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Songwriter Dennis Morgan is born in Tracy, Minnesota. Among his long line of hits, Ronnie Milsap's ''Smokey Mountain Rain'', George Strait's ''River Of Love'', Sylvia's ''Nobody'' and Barbara Mandrell's ''I Was Country When Country Wasn't Cool''.

JULY 31, 1952 THURSDAY

Guitarist Steve Gibson is born in Peoria, Illinois. The musical director of the Grand Ole Opry, he plays on hits by George Strait, Kenny Rogers, Alabama, Reba McEntire, Wynonna and Randy Travis, among others.


AUGUST 2, 1952 SATURDAY

Katie Porter, the mother of Broadway composer Cole Porter, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage. Her son wrote the 1945 country hit ''Don't Fence Me In''.

AUGUST 4, 1952 MONDAY

Capitol released Tennessee Ernie Ford's ''Blackberry Boogie''

Decca released Ernest Tubb's ''Fortunes In Memories''.

AUGUST 6, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Elvis Presley worked in the table department at Upholsteries Specialties Company, located at 210 West  Georgia Avenue in Memphis, while in high school. Elvis Presley lying and gave his birthdate as January 8, 1934, to   add one year to his age. As job references, he listed his previous jobs with Precision Tool and Loew's   State Theater. Elvis' uncles Travis and Johnny get him and cousin Gene Smith on the crew at Precision.

AUGUST 7, 1952 THURSDAY

Eddy Arnold recorded ''I'd Trade All Of My Tomorrows (For Just One Yesterday)'' and ''Older And Bolder'' at the RCA Studios in New York.

AUGUST 8, 1952 FRIDAY

Hank Snow recorded ''The Gal Who Invented Kissin'' and ''I Went To Your Wedding'' at the RCA Studio in New York City.

Drummer Anton Fig is born in Cape Town, South Africa. Best known for his work on David Letterman's late-night show, he plays on Rosanne Cash's ''Hold On''.

AUGUST 9, 1952 SATURDAY

Hank Williams misses a scheduled appearance on the Grand Ole Opry. Two days later, Opry manager Jim Denny fires Williams.

AUGUST 11, 1952 MONDAY

Roy Acuff makes the cover of Newsweek

Skeets McDonald recorded ''Don't Let The Stars Get In Your Eyes'' at the Capitol Studios on Melrose Avenue in Hollywood.

Grand Ole Opry manager Jim Denny fires Hank Williams from the Opry after the troubled singer, already on thin ice, missed an August 9 Opry appearance.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Sam Phillips sent Jim Bullet in Nashville some mellow T-Bone Walkerish sides that he had cut on  October 27, 1952 of Walter ''Tang'' Smith, the trombonist who had played on Howlin' Wolf's recent band session on October 7. When Bulleit bought the sides for $250, Sam sent him some more, including a couple of raw ''cottonpatch'' blues by Charles Thomas from this session, whom Sam touted as possessing a style he said, ''a lot like Johnnie Lee Hooker's but I actually think he does a better vocal than Hooker''. Bulleit deferred a decision on this Charles Thomas sides,  until the day  are   not  issued.

STUDIO SESSION FOR CHARLES THOMAS
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: TUESDAY AUGUST 12, 1952
STUDIO HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER – SAM C. PHILLIPS

No Details

01 - ''COLD HANDS''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - August 12, 1952

02 - ''4TH AND BROAD''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - August 12, 1952

03 - ''UNKNOWN TITLE''
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - August 12, 1952

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Charles Thomas – Vocal & Guitar

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


AUGUST 13, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Big Mama Thornton recorded one of the first versions of ''Hound Dog''.  The best-known version of "Hound Dog" is the July 1956 recording by Elvis Presley, which is ranked number  on Rollin' Stone magazine's list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time; it is also one of the best-selling singles of all-time. Presley's version, which sold about more than 10 million copies globally, was his best-selling song and "an emblem of the rock and roll revolution". It was simultaneously number 1 on the United States pop, country, and rhythm and blues charts in 1956, and it topped the pop chart for 11 weeks, a record that stood for 36 years. Presley's 1956 RCA recording was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1988, and it is listed as one of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's "500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll".

AUGUST 15, 1952 FRIDAY

Hank Williams writes ''Kaw-Liga'' near the town of Kowaliga, Alabama.

Columbia records Lefty Frizzell's ''Forever (And Always)''

AUGUST 16, 1952 SATURDAY

Having quit, the Grand Ole Opry when he moved away from Nashville, Grandpa Jones rejoins the cast.

AUGUST 17, 1952 SUNDAY

Hank Williams is arrested in Alexander City, Alabama, for drunken behavior.

AUGUST 20, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Rudy Martin, of The Gatlin Brothers, is born in Olney, Texas. Behind songwriting lead singer Larry Gatlin, the trio earns a Grammy for 1976's ''Broken Lady'', beginning a 12-year string of harmony-packed success.

Singer/songwriter John Hiatt is born in Indianapolis, Indiana. He writes such country hits as The Desert Rose Band's ''She Don't Love Nobody'', Suzy Boggus' ''Drive South'' and Rosanne Cash's ''The Way We Make A Broken Heart.

Hiatt remains one of the most respected and influential American singer-songwriters. Hiatt was working as a songwriter for Tree International, a record label in Nashville, when his song ''Sure As I'm Sittin' Here'' was covered by Three Dog Night. The song became a Top 40 , earning Hiatt a recording contract with Epic Records. Since then he has released 21 studio albums, two Compilation albums. His songs have been covered by a variety of artists in multiple genres, including Bob Dylan, The Searches, Delbert Clinton, Willy DeVille, Ry Cooder, Linda Ronstadt, Bonny Raitt, Eric Clapton, B.B. Kind, Joe Bonamassa, Willie Nelson. Joan Baez, Paula Abdul, Buddy Guy, Jimmy Buffett, Mandy Moore, Iggy Pop, Emmylou Harris, Rodney Crowell, Dave Edmunds, Nick Lowe, The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Suzy Bogguss, Jewel, Aaron Neville, Jeff Healey, Keith Urban, Joe Cocker, Chaka Khan, Pauline and many others. The Dutch singer/songwriter Ilse DeLange recorded the album ''Dear John'' with nine of his songs.


AUGUST 1952

Peacock Records of Houston buy out the Duke label. Initially, Duke's James Mattis is a  minority shareholder together with Peacock's Don Robey and Irving Marcus. Peacock  primarily wants Duke for Johnny Ace, whose, "My Song" enters the Rhythm and Blues charts.

Chess Records re-release Harmonica Frank's "Swamp Root". This time around it is  promoted as an rhythm and blues release, although Billboard notes that Pop disc jockeys  might spin it for laughs.

Unknown dates, studio session with Doctor Ross at the Memphis Recording Service in  Memphis, Tennessee.

An article in the rhythm and blues magazine reads: ''The Rosco Gordon-Glovers package was so successful on its recently concluded tour that they have arranged a new one that will start on the West Coast on September 1 ...''. 

AUGUST 1952

Memphian builder, Kemmons Wilson, opened his first Holiday Inn on Summer Avenue in  Memphis. A builder who had once been the country's top Wurlitzer jukebox distributor,  Wilson decided to built the sort of dependable family motels he'd always wished for when  the Wilsons were on vacation. Like WHBQ's Lawhead, Wilson found his inspiration in the  movies, naming his revolutionary chain of giant motels after the 1942 film starring Bing  Crosby and Fred Astaire.

The Holiday Inn had a commitment to provide comfortable, dependable accommodations, cheerful decor, and, above all, affordable prices, $4 for a single, $6 for a double, children, however many, free. Within months Wilson opened his second motel, on Third Street downtown, and had just announced his plans to open two more, covering all four corners of the city, with a blueprint for a national franchising campaign by the time the fourth Memphis Holiday Inn was built in 1953.

AUGUST 23, 1952 SATURDAY

Johnnie Ace and His Orchestra performs 10:00 til 2:00 at the Hippodrome, 500 Beale Street in Memphis, Tennessee. Admission: advance $1.00 at door $ 1.35. 

Roy Rogers and Dale Evans' daughter, Robin Rogers, dies from the mumps just one day before her second birthday.

Kitty Wells becomes the first woman to reach number 1 on the Billboard country chart with ''It Wasn't God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels''.

AUGUST 24, 1952

Vocalist/bass player John Cowan is born in Evansville, Indiana. He becomes the lead singer for progressive acoustic act New Grass Revival in 1973 and contributes to recordings by Garth Brooks, Wynonna and Travis Tritt

AUGUST 29, 1952 FRIDAY

Songwriter Don Schlitz is born in Durham, North Carolina. His hits include ''The Gambler'', ''Forever And Ever'', ''Amen'', ''On The Other Hand'', ''Strong Enough To Bend'', ''When You Say Nothing At All'' and ''I Feel Lucky'', among many others.

Don Schlitz, country and western songwriter (including "The Gambler" and "The Greatest" for Liberty and Capitol Records Nashville recording artist Kenny Rogers and the Broadway musical "The Adventures Of Tom Sawyer"), is born in Durham, North Carolina.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR B.B. KING
FOR RPM RECORDS

YMCA BUILDING, 254 SOUTH LAUDERDALE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE SEPTEMBER 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER
AND/OF JOE BIHARI

Another King single was recorded, the up-tempo side of which is featured here and contains some glorious rolling piano of Ike Turner, but still no guitar?

01 - ''BOOGIE WOOGIE WOMAN'' - B.M.I. - 2:47
Composer: - Jules Taub-B.B. King
Publisher:
Matrix number: - MM 1925
Recorded: - Unknown Date September 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 374 mono
BOOGIE WIIGIE WOMAN / STORY FROM MY HEART AND SOUL 
Reissued:   - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-1-12 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
B.B. King - Vocal & Guitar
Possibly Bill Harvey - Tenor Saxophone
Possibly George Coleman - Alto Saxophone
Possibly Floyd Jones - Trumpet
Possible Ike Turner - Piano
Possibly Richard ''Tuff'' Green - Bass
Possibly Ted Curry - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Session Published for Historical Reasons

STUDIO SESSION FOR JOHNNY ACE & EARL FOREST
FOR FLAIR RECORDS

YMCA BUILDING, 254 SOUTH LAUDERDALE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE SEPTEMBER 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - IKE TURNER
AND/OF JOE BIHARI

It is also likely that the Flair 1015 single, which featured Johnny Ace and Earl Forest with a side apiece, was cut at this B.B. King session. Ace and Forest were the core of a loose group of musicians collectively called ''The Beale Streeters'' and both recorded virtually exclusively for Duke Records, so how and why they ended up on this Flair release is a bit of a mystery.

01 - ''MIDNIGHT HOURS JOURNEY''* - B.M.I. - 3:31
Composer: - Joe Josua
Publisher: - Flair Publishing
Matrix number: - FL 133
Recorded: Unknown Date September 1952
Released: - 1953
First appearance: - Flair Records (S) 78rpm Flair 1015 mono
MIDNIGHT HOURS JOURNEY / TROUBLE AND ME
Reissued:   - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-9 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

02 - ''TROUBLE AND ME''** - B.M.I. - 2:57
Composer: - Joe Josua
Publisher: - Flair Publishing
Matrix number: - FL 134
Recorded: - Unknown Date September 1952
Released: - 1953
First appearance: - Flair Records (S) 78rpm Flair 1015 mono
TROUBLE AND ME / MIDNIGHT HOURS JOURNEY
Reissued:   - 2010 Secret Records (CD) 500/200rpm SECBX025-2-10 mono
THAT KAT SURE COULD PLAY! - THE SINGLES 1951 - 1957

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Johnny Ace - Vocal * & Piano *
Earl Forest - Vocal ** & Drums
Possibly Ike Turner - Piano
Possibly George Coleman - Alto Saxophone *
Possibly Bill Harvey - Tenor Saxophone **
Unknown - Baritone Saxophone **
Unknown - Guitar *
Onzie Horne - Vibraphone *
Possibly Richard ''Tuff'' Green - Bass

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


SEPTEMBER 1952

Rosco Gordon is voted 8th most likely artist to come up with rhythm and blues hits by   Jukebox operators (ironically, it will be eight years before his next national rhythm and   blues hit). The Dominoes were number 1.

Sam Phillips records Walter Horton for Chess Records. The title "Little Walter's Boogie" is   deliberately misleading, as Checker have a huge hit on their hands with "Juke" by Little   Walter Jacobs. Horton's record is scheduled, but never shipped.

Sam Phillips records Tiny Kennedy for Trumpet Records.

Legendary film maker Charlie Chaplin is denied re-entry into the United States during September of 1952. Chaplin and his family had been traveling to London for the premiere of his movie “Limelight” when they were told they would not be allowed back into the country. Chaplin, along with many others in Hollywood, had faced harsh scrutiny from the House Un-American Activities Committee and Senator Joseph McCarthy during the height of the Cold War due to Chaplin’s perceived leftist political beliefs. Chaplin vowed to never return to the United States, but eventually visited again in 1972.

SEPTEMBER 3, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Tennessee Ernie Ford and his wife of ten years, Betty Jean, have their second son, Brion Leonard Fabian Ford, in Monterey Park, California.

After multiple attempts to understand his unorthodox behavior, Woody Guthrie is finally diagnosed at Brooklyn State Hospital with Huntington's chorea, a rare genetic disease that wreaks havoc on the nervous system.

SEPTEMBER 4, 1952 THURSDAY

The rhythm and blues group Gladys Knights and The Pips is formed in Atlanta, George. Noted for such hits as ''Midnight Train To Me'' and ''You're The Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me'', Knight earns a Country Music Association nomination in 1994.

SEPTEMBER 6, 1952 SATURDAY

Rosco Gordon's next single ''What You Got On Your Mind'' b/w ''Two Kinds Of Women'' (RPM 365) released.

Buddy Miller is born in Fairborn, Ohio. Married to Julie Miller, he rises as a noted singer and guitarist during the 1990s, working alongside Emmylou Harris and contributing to the Americana movement.

Jambalaya (On The Bayou)'' lifts Hank Williams to number 1 on the Billboard country chart.

SEPTEMBER 8, 1952 MONDAY

Hank Williams sells a Williamson County farm, one year after its original purchase.

Capitol Records released Skeets McDonald's ''Don't Let The Stars Get In Your Eyes''.

SEPTEMBER 11, 1952 THURSDAY

Having left New Orleans and the Swingtime label the year before, Ray Charles signs a recording contract with Atlantic Records, where he becomes a major star. Charles goes on to bridge the gap between pop and country with ''Modern Sounds In Country And Western Music''.

The daily CBS variety program ''The Steve Allen Show'' is telecast for the final time. Allen wrote the Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely country hit ''Let's Go To Church (Next Sunday Morning)''.

SEPTEMBER 12, 1952 FRIDAY

MGM released a double-sided Hank Williams hit, ''Settin' The Woods On Fire'' and ''You Win Again''.

Columbia released the new single of Carl Smith, ''Our Honeymoon''

SEPTEMBER 13, 1952 SATURDAY

Don Fagenson is born in Detroit. Under the name Don Was, he becomes a significant pop record producer, and also produces tracks for Travis Tritt and Garth Brooks, plus the album ''Rhythm Country And Blues''.

Webb Pierce makes his first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry, where he performs ''Back Street Affair''.

SEPTEMBER 15, 1952 MONDAY

Decca released Webb Pierce's ''Back Street Affair''.

Studio session for Walter Horton and Rosco Gordon at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR WALTER HORTON
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: MONDAY SEPTEMBER 15, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

On this time, Little Walter (Jacobs) cracked the rhythm and blues charts with '''Juke'' and was firmly entrenched at number 1. It would, of course, have been absurd to have two Little Walters in the same field of music, never mind on the same label, and it was clear which horse the Chess brothers intended to back. Around the same time, October 1952, Phillips send dubs of Raymond Hill and Willie Nix to Chess, and both were refused. The relationship that had started so promisingly with ''Rocket 88'' eighteen months earlier was ending. The Chess brothers had plans to get Howlin' Wolf to Chicago, and were happy to see the back of Phillips' other artists. Horton didn't get another shot at leading a Chess session until 1964, but he was in Chess's Chicago studio as early as January 9, 1953, first with Gus Jenkins and then as Little Walter's replacement with Muddy Waters.

01(1) - "LITTLE WALTER'S BOOGIE" - B.M.I. - 2:34
Composer: - Walter Horton
Publisher: - Burton Limited - Tristan Music
Matrix number: - 1041 - Take 1
Is significantly different from the other takes.
Recorded: - September 15, 1952
Released: - Chess 1529 was cancelled before release.
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm Chess 1529-A mono
LITTLE WALTER'S BOOGIE / WEST WINDS ARE BLOWING
Reissued: - 1992 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15524-9 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - THE BE-BOP BOY

01(2) - "LITTLE WALTER'S BOOGIE" - B.M.I. - 2:29
Composer: - Walter Horton
Publisher: - Burton Limited - Tristan Music
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 15, 1952
Released: - 1992
First appearance: - Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15524-12 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - THE BE-BOP BOY

01(3) - "LITTLE WALTER'S BOOGIE" - B.M.I. - 3:06
Composer: - Walter Horton
Publisher: - Burton Limited - Tristan Music
Matrix number: - None - Take 3 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 15, 1952
Released: - 1996
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-16 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

An alternate take of the track originally earmarked for the other side of Chess 1529 (i.e. "West Winds Are Blowing") - and perhaps the title of this side gives a clue as to why Chess pulled the plug on this release, as they were having huge success with Little Walter Jacobs at the time. Mind you, they could easily have retitled this powerful instrumental (what would have been wrong with "Big Walter's Boogie"?) - but it seems that this coincided with their decision not to take any further product from Sam Phillips anyway. Instead they began to concentrate more on in-house productions, and Horton didn't get another chance with Chess Records until 1964.

02(1) - "WEST WINDS ARE BLOWING" - B.M.I. - 3:04
Composer: - Walter Horton
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 15, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm SUNBOX 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - 1992 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15524-8 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - THE BE-BOP BOY

02(2) - "WEST WINDS ARE BLOWING" - B.M.I. - 3:06
Composer: - Walter Horton
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 15, 1952
Released: - Chess 1529 was cancelled before release.
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm Chess 1529-B mono
WEST WINDS ARE BLOWING / LITTLE WALTER'S BOOGIE
Reissued:  - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-14 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

Why Chess shelved this and its projected flip is baffling, as musically it is extremely powerful, the combination of harp and lead guitar from Joe Hill Louis during the break being particularly effective. The instruments blend together perfectly, and the musicians play with an empathy which is notoriously difficult to capture in a studio setting. 

Chess scheduled a presently unidentified take of each of the above for issue on Chess 1529, but it was never released.

03 - "IN THE MOOD" - 1 - B.M.I. - 3:00
Composer: - Garland
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 15, 1952
Released: - 1996
First appearance: -  Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-15 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

Walter Horton and his friends were in the process of working up "We All Gotta Go Sometime", which began as a version of "She Left Me A Mule To Ride", which Sam Phillips in turn had named after the opening verse of "Grandmother Got, Grandfather Told". In fact, its Horton's version of John Lee "Sonny Boy" Williamson's "Shotgun Blues", which he also recorded as "Sonny Boy Jump". Still with us? As good as the first take is, someone must have suggested the musicians loosen up by playing "In The Mood". Everybody starts a bit tentatively, but Walter soon gets into his stride, riffing confidently until it was time to take a solo. During the next few choruses he works on ideas which would resurface some five months later, when he and Jimmy DeBerry recorded their version of Ivory Joe Hunter's "I Almost Lost My Mind" and someone gave it the misleading title of "Easy".

04 - "WE ALL GOTTA GO SOMETIME" - B.M.I. - 2:55
Composer: - Walter Horton
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 15, 1952
Released: - 1996
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-17 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

Having had a couple of goes at "Grandmother Got, Grandfather Told", the next two takes - while retaining some of the same verses, including the previous title verse - show some variation in the melody line and a radical change in the lyrics. These now are lifted practically piecemeal from Big Bill Broonzy's "I Feel So Good", with  the chorus changed to "We all gotta go sometime". While the evidence is there on tape, one can only speculate as to who suggested the change and why Horton's version remained unissued but Joe Hill Louis' own recording of the song made op one side of SUN 178.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Walter Horton - Vocal (except - 1) and Harmonica
Jack Kelly - Piano
Joe Hill Louis - Guitar
Willie Nix - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR ROSCO GORDON
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR RPM RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: PROBABLY SEPTEMBER 15, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 – ''DREAM BABY (DREAM ON BABY)''' – B.M.I. - 2:59
Composer: - Rosco Gordon
Publisher: - Modern Music
Matrix number: - MM 1899
Recorded: - Probably September 15, 1952
Released: - November 1, 1952
First appearance: RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 369-A mono
DREAM BABY / TRYING
Reissued: - 1998 Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 694-15 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE BEST OF THE RPM YEARS 

02 – ''TRYING'' – B.M.I. - 3:31
Composer: - B. Vaughn
Publisher: - Modern Music
Matrix number: - MM 1898 - Alternate Take of RPM 369
Recorded: - Probably September 15, 1952
Released: - November 1, 1952
First appearance: RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 369-B mono
TRYING / DREAM BABY
Reissued: - 1998 Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 694-16 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE BEST OF THE RPM YEARS 

03 – ''LUCILE (LOOKING FOR MY BABY)'' – B.M.I. - 2:44
Composer: - Rosco Gordon-Jules Taub
Publisher: - Modern Music
Matrix number: - MM 1900
Recorded: - Probably September 15, 1952
Released: - November 15, 1952
First appearance: RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 373-A mono
LUCILE (LOOKING FOR MY BABY) / BLUES FOR MY BABY
Reissued: - 1998 Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 694-17 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE BEST OF THE RPM YEARS 

04 – ''BLUES FOR MY BABY'' – B.M.I. - 3:00
Composer: - Jules Traub
Publisher: - Modern Music
Matrix number: - MM 1901
Recorded: - Probably September 15, 1952
Released: - November 15, 1952
First appearance: RPM Records (S) 78rpm RPM 373-B mono
BLUES FOR MY BABY / LUCILE (LOOKING FOR MY BABY)
Reissued: - 1998 Ace Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDCHD 694-18 mono
ROSCO GORDON - THE BEST OF THE RPM YEARS 

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Rosco Gordon - Vocal & Piano
Probably The Beale Streeters:
Johnny Ace - Piano
Bobby Bland - Guitar
Billy Duncan - Saxophone
Earl Forrest - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


SEPTEMBER 16, 1952 TUESDAY

Bobby Randall is born in Midland, Michigan. He becomes guitarist for Sawyer Brown, performing on such hits as ''Step That Step'' and ''This Missin' You Heart Of Mine''. Randall leaves the band in February 1991.

Ray Price remakes ''Don't Let The Stars Get In Your Eyes'' during a morning session at Nashville's Castle Studio.

SEPTEMBER 17, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Steve Sanders is born in Richland, Georgia. In 1987, he replaces William Lee Golden in The Oak Ridge Boys, taking the soulful lead on such singles as ''Gonna Take A Lot Of River'' and ''Beyond Those Years'' prior to Golden's return in 1995.

On his 29th, and final birthday, Hank Williams visits the Alamo, then plays San Antonio's The Barn, owned singer Charlie Walker. Future Texas Tornado Doug Sahm, age 11, sits on Williams' lap and plays ''Steel Guitar Rag''.

Sonny James recorded his first hit, ''That's Me Without You''.

SEPTEMBER 19, 1952 FRIDAY

Porter Wagoner holds his first RCA recording session at KWTO Radio in Springfield, Missouri, beginning with a cover of Hank Williams' ''Settin' The Woods On Fire''.

SEPTEMBER 20, 1952 SATURDAY

Hank Williams introduces ''Louisiana Hayride'' producer Horage Logan to Billie Jean Jones, the former girlfriend of Faron Young. Williams marries her four weeks later.

SEPTEMBER 21, 1952 SUNDAY

Kenneth Trebbe is born in Topeka, Kansas. Under the name Kenny Starr, he has a 1975 country hit with ''The Blind Man In The Bleachers''. The song is simultaneously a pop hit for David Geddes.

CBS viewers watch Roy Rogers, Dale Evans and ''Over The Rainbow'' songwriter Harold Arlen take bows from the audience on ''Toast Of The Town'' hosted live from New York by Ed Sullivan.

SEPTEMBER 22, 1952 MONDAY

Woody Guthrie is released from Brooklyn State Hospital in New York. During the previous four months, he was treated at three different hospitals for alcoholism but later diagnosed with a neurological ailments, Huntington's chorea.

The Louvin Brothers recorded ''Let Us Travel, Travel On'' in their first session for Capitol Records. The song is reprised by Marty Stuart and Del McCoury in the award-winning tribute album ''Livin', Lovin', Losin'': Songs Of The Louvin Brothers''.

SEPTEMBER 23, 1952 TUESDAY

Hank Williams recorded ''Take These Chains From My Heart'', ''Kaw-Liga'' and ''Your Cheatin' Heart'' during what proves to be his final recording session, at the Castle Studio in Nashville's Tulane Hotel.

SEPTEMBER 24, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Hank Williams signs a three-year contract to return to The Louisiana Hayride for $200-a-week for Saturday night performances.

The Carlisles recorded ''No Help Wanted'' in Nashville.

SEPTEMBER 25, 1952 THURSDAY

The CBS series ''Music Hall'', hosted by Patti Page, airs for the last time after less than three months on the air.

Studio session with Tiny Kennedy at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee. While Lillian McMurry may have concentrated her early promotional efforts on Sonny Boy Williamson's  and Willie Love's records, it was after all because the initial tallies showed them to be the best-selling. And while it was true that she auditioned all comers at The Record Mart, she also frequently stepped out with her husband Willard or her brother Milton to the Alamo Theatre, just a few doors down in the 300 block of North Farish, in Jackson, Mississippi, where their neighbor and Alamo Lehman would invite them to enjoy bands and revues he booted. There, sitting in the back with Arthur and Willard, she first saw Tiny Kennedy sing with Tiny Bradshaw's Orchestra in October of 1951.

''Tiny was so big and fat, when he sang his fat just went up and down rockin' with him'', she remembers. ''We put him under contract and recorded him''. Painfully aware of the limitations of the cumbersome sonic process at Scott's, which required a new blank disc for every take, sometimes running to 120 takes per title, Lillian was already searching for a better alternative and decided to try the taping facilities at WHBQ in Memphis, Tennessee. She sent Kennedy and the band of Jackson's musicians including Elmore James there on October 22, 1951, but the session turned out poorly and she scrapped it and determined to try again. She planned to record Tiny during the historic Cedars of Lebanon session in Jackson that December. ''I sent Tiny a plane ticket'' she recalled, ''and had Mose Allison's band come up from Baton Rouge. Tiny didn't show up and spent the money''. The young Allison, then a student at Louisiana State University, had stopped by The Record Mart now and then to advertise his talents, and had gained Lillian's respect. She would have to pay Mose and his band for travel expenses and wait nearly a year before finally getting some good takes on blues belter Kennedy.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

Jesse Tiny Kennedy had already recorded for Capitol in 1949 with the great pianist Jay McShann. An all-out entertainer, he spent his career touring, doing blues, popular jazz numbers and comedy routines with slick bands like Bradshaw's, which was booked by the prestigious William Morris Agency in New York. Bradshaw's Orchestra recorded many sides for the King label in Cincinnati. In fact, Kennedy listed his home address as Cincinnati during the mid-fifties, although his original contract named 1006 King Street, Chattanooga as home.

Kennedy never actually recorded with Bradshaw, and seems to have been an elusive quarry for recordings in general. It remained for Sam Phillips to finally capture Tiny Kennedy for Trumpet in ''Finest Sonocoustic Sound'' at 706 Union Avenue, Memphis, with a mighty band of local musicians, several of whom were regulars at Phillips' blues sessions period. His Memphis Recording Service offered up-to-the-minute taping technology in a newly designed studio, along with a variety of services for hire, which paid the bills while he struggled to start his own Sun label. Lillian McMurry booked the session for September 25, 1952, somehow managed to convince Tiny show up, and let Sam provide the house band and do the engineering, as well as run dubs and acetate masters for eventual pressings. The results were memorable.

Kennedy's ability to ''rock the house'' with his gutsy vocals a perfect complement in the playing of Sun regulars Richard Sanders, Calvin Newborn, and Houston Stokes. This nucleus had achieved a level of communion that had them riding the cutting edge of rhythm and blues into the dawn of rock and roll with a fluid, ebullient sound that does indeed rock, roll, swing, drive, and alternately simmer and burst into flame throughout the session.

STUDIO SESSION FOR JESSE ''TINY'' KENNEDY
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR TRUMPET RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
TRUMPET SESSION: THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 25, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

Tiny Kennedy was anything but diminutive, either in stature or vocal range. "Big and fat" was how Trumpet Records boss Lillian McMurry vividly described him, and she should know: Trumpet recorded the shouter in 1951 and again in 1952.

The vocalist born as Jesse Kennedy, Jr., on December 20, 1925 in Chattanooga, Tennessee had recorded with the great Kansas City pianist Jay McShann for Capitol in 1949 prior to joining Tiny Bradshaw's jumping band as one of its featured front men. After a session with Elmore James in 1951 didn't result in anything releasable, McMurry sent Kennedy up to Sam Phillips's fledgling Memphis Recording Service on the famous 706 Union Avenue, Memphis, in September of 1952.


Sam Phillips did some mastering and copying for other labels, but very little custom recording. He made an exception for Lillian McMurry at Trumpet Records in Jackson, Mississippi. McMurry had signed Tiny Kennedy but couldn't get the results she wanted at the WHBQ studio in Memphis.  After that, he'd failed to show up for a session in Jackson, so she must have booked time at Phillips' Memphis Recording Service with some trepidation. She'd signed Kennedy after seeing him at Jackson's Alamo Theater when he fronted Tiny Bradshaw's orchestra. Kennedy was a mountain of a man with a voice to match, and he was from Chattanooga, as this song attests.


Jesse ''Tiny'' Kennedy

Sam Phillips placed him with the cream of musicians on the session, which produced the fine "Strange Kind Of Feelin'," "Early In The Mornin', Baby" (with overdubbed crowing by "Elmer, the Disc Jockey Rooster"), and "Blues Disease," included guitarist Calvin Newborn and saxophonist Richard Sanders. After the session, McMurry lit upon the idea of dubbing a rooster onto the intro. In nearby Hattiesburg, Chuck Thompson was the early morning man on WFOR, and he had a pet rooster, Elmer, who crowed on cue and was sufficiently well known for Minnie Pearl's ''Pickin' And Singin' News'' to do a little feature on him. Phillips added Elmer to the tape, and McMurry crudely collaged him to Kennedy's promo photo.

01(1) - ''EARLY IN THE MORNING, BABY'' - B.M.I. - 2:29
Composer: - Jesse Kennedy
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC 130
Recorded: - September 25, 1952
Released: - December 1952
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 187-A mono
EARLY IN THE MORNING, BABY / STRANGE KIND OF FEELIN'
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-3-26 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

01(2) - ''EARLY IN THE MORNING, BABY'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Jesse Kennedy
Publisher: - Golbe Music
Matrix number: - None - Alternate Take - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 25, 1952
Released: - 1990
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (CD) 500/200rpm AA701-3 mono
THE ALLIGATOR TRUMPET SERIES - STRANGE KIND OF FEELIN'

On ''Strange Kind Of Feelin''', the rhythm section of Wilbur Steinberg, Calvin Newborn, Ford Nelson, and Houston Stokes propels this jumping blues. Add three saxophonists and an obese vocalist, and 706 Union must have been very full that day, so full that Phillips might have been the saxes or Kennedy out in the lobby. Lillian McMurry told researcher Marc Ryan that she grew tired of trying to nail down Tiny for sessions, and let him have his release. Three years later up in New York, Kennedy recorded ''Strange Kinda Feelin'' once again, this time for RCA's Groove imprint. For neither label was ''Strange Kinda Feeling'' a hit.

02(1) - ''STRANGE KIND OF FEELIN''' - B.M.I. - 2:30
Composer: - Jesse Kennedy
Publisher: - Robbins Music
Matrix number: - DRC 131
Recorded: - September 25, 1952
Released: - December 1952
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 187-B mono
STRANGE KIND OF FEELIN' / EARLY IN THE MORNING, BABY
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-3-27 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

The alternate take of ''Strange Kind Of Feelin''' heard here, previously unreleased, was at first chosen for issue on Trumpet 187 by the McMurry's, who then changed their minds in favor of the other take at the last minute.

02(2) - ''STRANGE KIND OF FEELIN''' - B.M.I. - 2:26
Composer: - Jesse Kennedy
Publisher: - Music Diam
Matrix number: - None - Alternate Take - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 25, 1952
Released: - 1990
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (CD) 500/200rpm AA-701-1 mono
THE ALLIGATOR TRUMPET SERIES - STRANGE KIND OF FEELIN'
Reissued: - 1990 Trumpet (CD) 500/200rpm Trumpet AA-701 mono
STRANGE KIND OF FEELIN'

Sam Phillips' multitracks the backing vocals for an unusual effect at the intro of Kennedy's second Trumpet single, ''Blues Disease''. On some level, the song is fairly mundane, but the rhythm section, accented by a very busy Calvin Newborn on guitar, is so tight and slick, it redeems the record.

03 - "BLUES DISEASE" - B.M.I - 2:29
Composer: - Tiny Kennedy
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC-132
Recorded: - September 25, 1952
Released: - April 1953
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 188-A mono
BLUES DISEASE / DON'T LAY THIS JOB ON ME
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-3-28 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

Thieving clergymen had been a staple of black vaudeville from the get-go, and Kennedy draws on that long tradition with a narration inexplicably titled ''Don't Lay This Job On Me''. Specifically, Kennedy seems to be drawing on vaudevillian Bert Williams' ''Elder Eatmore'' narrations. The Money to build a new church has been purloined, and the threat of damnation hangs over everyone. Ford Nelson carries the accompaniment in an oddly inappropriate cocktail blues style. If this was an anomalous entry in the music recorded at 706 Union, it was a good one. It all comes down to Kennedy, and he pulls it off.

04 -  "DON'T LAY THIS JOB ON ME" - B.M.I - 3:06
Composer: - Tiny Kennedy
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC-133
Recorded: - September 25, 1952
Released: - April 1953
First appearance: - RPM Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 188-B mono
DON'T LAY THIS JOB ON ME / BLUES DISEASE
Reissued: - March 8, 2013 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 17310-3-29 mono
THE SUN BLUES BOX 1950 - 1958

On ''Don't Lay This Job On Me'' finds the group noodling along in an effete jazz style with pianistic by Al Nelson that suggest Erroll garner, while Tiny carries on with his mock sermon, a vaudeville tradition that dated back at least fifty years to the pioneering recordings of black ragtime comedians like Bert Williams, Shelton Brooks, and Ham Tree Harrington.


05 - ''HONEYMOON WALTZ'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Jesse Kennedy
Publisher: - Music Diam
Matrix number: - DRC 157 - Trumpet Unissued
Recorded: - September 25, 1952

06 - ''YOU CAN'T HAVE YOUR CAKE AND EAT'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Jesse Kennedy
Publisher: - Music Diam
Matrix number: - DRC 158 - Trumpet Unissued
Recorded: - September 25, 1952

07 - ''HEART FOR SALE'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Jesse Kennedy
Publisher: - Music Diam
Matrix number: - DRC 159 - Trumpet Unissued
Recorded: - September 25, 1952

08 - ''HAVE YOU HEARD ABOUT THE FARMER'S DAUGHTER'' - B.M.I. - 2:51
Composer: - Jesse Kennedy
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 25, 1952
Released: - 1990
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (CD) 500/200rpm AA-701-2 mono
THE ALLIGATOR TRUMPET SERIES - STRANGE KIND OF FEELIN'
Reissued: - July 2, 2013 Blue Paradise Records Internet iTunes MP3-8 mono
COMPILATION - BLUES ICON

The biting, bumping and grinding guitar solo by Calvin Newborn, the brother of the more famous Phineas Jr., in ''The Farmer's Daughter''does as much as Tiny's evocative lyrics to conjure up the image of the bucolic beauty.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Jesse Tiny Kennedy - Vocal
Calvin Newborn - Guitar
Alfordson ''Ford'' Nelson - Piano
Richard Sanders - Saxophone
Bill Fort - Saxophone
Robert Hamp - Saxophone
Wilburn Steinberg - Bass
Houston Stokes - Drums
Elmer, the disc jockey Rooster - Crowing (DRC 130)

A final Trumpet session for Kennedy, arranged by Lillian at the Nola Studios in New York City in June of 1953, failed to produce anything that she considered original enough to issue. Ultimately despairing in his ability to come through with fresh material, and unable to work closely with him due to the constant touring that kept him roaming up and down the East Coast most of the time, Lillian released Tiny from his contract in 1955 so he could sign with the New York-based RCA's  Groove subsidiary. For years afterward, Kennedy would pass through the south once a year on tour with the Harlem Revue, and would call Lillian and Willard whenever he sang at the State Fair in Jackson, Mississippi. Sometime during the 1960s, he stopped calling, and to this day, his fate is unknown. ''We never did get a sensible explanation about the time he didn't show up here, for this session'' remembered Lillian. ''Tiny was like a child in a lot of ways, you know. He couldn't seem to understand some things, but he dang sure could sing the blues''. 

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


LILLIAN SHEDD MCMURRY - was an American record producer, influential in the development of blues  music. Lillian Shedd was born on December 30, 1921 in Purvis, Mississippi, and married furniture-store  owner Willard McMurry in 1945, settling in Jackson, Mississippi. In 1949, she was helping her husband  clear out a shop he had bought when she came upon a pile of old shellac 78rpm phonograph discs, including  Wynonie Harris' recording of "All She Wants to Do Is Rock". Curious, McMurry played it on the store's  record player and became so inspired that, as well as selling the stock she had discovered, she also decided to  record more music like it.


Vitrice (daughter), Williard (husband)  and Lillian Shedd McMurry, 1980 ^

By her own account, until that point she, as a white woman, had been completely  unaware of the music being made on her doorstep by her African-American neighbours.

She formed Trumpet Records in Jackson in 1950. The first releases were of gospel music, but she soon  auditioned and recorded both slide guitarist Elmore James, on his original recording of "Dust My Broom",  and "Sonny Boy Williamson" (Aleck "Rice" Miller). Initially, McMurry apparently thought that  "Williamson" was the original musician of that name. Many of the sides he first recorded for Trumpet, such  as "Eyesight To The Blind" and "Nine Below Zero", later became blues standards.

Rising debts caused Trumpet to fold in 1955, and McMurry went back to working in her husband's shop. In  1998, she was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame, one of the few record producers to be granted that  honour.

Lillian McMurry pioneering work was recognized in 1998 when she was inducted into the Blues Hall of  Fame; sadly, McMurry died of a massive heart attack on March 18 of the following year. She was 77 years  old.

On November 17, 2007, Lillian Shedd McMurry and Willard McMurry were honored with a historical  marker on their former recording studio in Jackson, Mississippi. Her daughter, Vitrice, her son-in-law, and  her granddaughter attended along with Dr. Woody Sistrunk. The McMurry family was awarded a plaque to  go along with the historical marker

CHUCK THOMPSON & ELMER – Was America's most unusual WFOR disc jockey team. Chuck  Thompson and his partner, Elmer, (a rooster), who perform for WFOR when Chuck's neighbor dared him to  take a bantam rooster on his early morning show. Since they have performed over 500 shows together,  Chuck translates Elmer's crowing, and Elmer, translations Thompson served WMGY and WJJJ,  Montgomery, Alabama, after being graduated from Alabama, and hit WELO, Tupelo, Mississippi, en route  here. Elmer earns his feed from the feed folks, Chuck has to buy his.


SEPTEMBER 27, 1952 SATURDAY

Virginia Hensley debuts as a singer with Bill Peer and His Melody Boys at the Brunswick Moose Hall in  Winchester, Virginia. He becomes her manager and gives Patsy Cline her new first name.

Sue Thompson makes her debut on the Grand Ole Opry.

SEPTEMBER 28, 1952 SUNDAY

Dulcimer player David Schnaufer is born in Hearne, Texas. He appears on Kathy Mattea's 1988 hit ''Life As  We Knew It'' plus Alison Kraus ''You Will Be My Ain True Love'' from the movie ''Cold Mountain''.

SEPTEMBER 30, 1952 MONDAY

Gene Autry is an undercover agent in the Old West with the on-screen debut of ''Wagon Team'', co-starring  Pat Buttram. Autry re-visits his signature song, ''Back In The Saddle Again''.

Jean Shepard has her first recording session for Capitol Records at the label's recording studio on Melrose  Avenue in Hollywood.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR SHERMAN JOHNSON & HIS CLOUDS OF JOY
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR TRUMPET RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
TRUMPET SESSION: TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 30, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

During the very brief period when Sam Phillips was doing custom work for Lillian McMurry's Trumpet Records, he was handed Sherman Johnson, an undistinguished shouter who took his band's name from Andy Kirk's ''Clouds Of Joy'' and his style from Wynomie Harris. As was the case with Tiny Kennedy, McMurry tried to record him elsewhere before paying Phillips to handle the session.

01(1) - ''PRETTY BABY BLUES'' - B.M.I.
Composer: - Sherman Johnson
Publisher: - Music Diam
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 30, 1952
Released: - 1985
First appearance: - Krazy Kat Records (LP) 33rpm Krazy Kat KK 7427 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - UNISSUED TITLES FROM THE 1950s

01(2) - ''PRETTY BABY BLUES'' - B.M.I. - 2:58
Composer: - Sherman Johnson
Publisher: - Music Diam
Matrix number: - DRC 134
Recorded: - September 30, 1952
Released: - December 1952
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 189-A mono
PRETTY BABY BLUES / SUGAR MAMA
Reissued: - May 1994 Alligator Records (CD) 500/200rpm Alligator ALCD 2800 mono
SHOUT, BROTHER, SHOUT - 1950S R&B FROM THE LEGENDARY TRUMPET RECORDS LABEL


No more distinguished on his other Trumpet release, Sherman Johnson coupled a Korean War novelty song with the paint-by-numbers ''Pretty Baby Blues''. Newborn Sr's band swung professionally, and Richard Sanders rocked out on baritone sax, but they can't compensate for the ordinariness of Johnson's voice and song. Even with a strong local following as an rhythm and blues jock in Meridian, Johnson gave Lillian McMurry no incentive to schedule another session; if anything, he gave her incentive to sue him. In 1853, he pitched ''Saving My Love For You'' to Johnny Ace. Problems was that in October 1951, McMurry had recorded Johnson singing that song and she'd copyrighted it.

Sherman Johnson ^

In November 1953, Ace's producer, Don Robey, wrote to McMurry to inform her that he had acquired all rights to the song, and that the earlier copyright was invalid. McMurry chose not to fight Robey or sue Johnson.

02 - ''SUGAR MAMA'' - B.M.I. - 3:12
Composer: - Sherman Johnson
Publisher: - Music Diam
Matrix number: - DRC 135
Recorded: - September 30, 1952
Released: - December 1952
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 189-A mono
SUGAR MAMA / PRETTY BABY BLUES
Reissued: - May 1994 Alligator Records (CD) 500/200rpm Alligator ALCD 2800 mono
SHOUT, BROTHER, SHOUT - 1950S R&B FROM THE LEGENDARY TRUMPET RECORDS LABEL

 Was ''Hot Fish'' a double entendre blues? Almost certainly. It was based quite closely on a saucy old vaudeville number best known as ''Get 'Em From The Peanut Man'' and sung by Lil Johnson and Georgia White back in 1936. As Sherman Johnson was a disc jockey on WTOK in Meridian, Mississippi, McMurry might have thought she could move sufficient copies in south Mississippi to pay for the session. She might have been wrong. Johnson was clearly discouraged when he wrote to McMurry soon after the record was released, but she admonished him, saying, ''You are about the nicest guy and we do appreciate your attitude, but I feel like spanking you because you seem to have given up''.

03 - ''HOT FISH'' - B.M.I. - 2:24
Composer: - Sherman Johnson
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC 136
Recorded: - September 30, 1952
Released: - April 1953
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 190-A mono
HOT FISH / LOST IN KOREA
Reissued: - May 1994 Alligator Records (CD) 500/200rpm Alligator ALCD 2800 mono
SHOUT, BROTHER, SHOUT - 1950S R&B FROM THE LEGENDARY TRUMPET RECORDS LABEL

04 - ''LOST IN KOREA'' - B.M.I. - 3:19
Composer: - Sherman Johnson
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC 137
Recorded: - September 30, 1952
Released: - April 1953
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 190-B mono
LOST IN KOREA / HOT FISH
Reissued: - May 1994 Alligator Records (CD) 500/200rpm Alligator ALCD 2800 mono
SHOUT, BROTHER, SHOUT - 1950S R&B FROM THE LEGENDARY TRUMPET RECORDS LABEL

05 - ''BLUES JUMPED A RABBIT'' - B.M.I. - 23:59
Composer: - Sherman Johnson
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - September 30, 1952
Released: - 1985
First appearance: - Krazy Kat Records (LP) 33rpm Krazy Kat KK 7427 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - UNISSUED TITLES FROM THE 1950s
Reissued: - March 30, 2012 Vintage Masters (MP3) Internet Sample mono
VARIOUS ARTISTS - THE MOST UNDERRATED BLUES PLAYERS EVER

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Sherman ''Blues'' Johnson - Vocal
Calvin Newborn - Guitar
Phineas Newborn, Jr. - Piano
Richard Sanders - Saxophone
Phineas Newborn, Sr. - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR BILLY ''TAG'' WILLIAMS
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR TRUMPET RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
TRUMPET SESSION: UNKNOWN DATE OCTOBER 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

01 - "ISLAND OF HEARTACHES" - B.M.I.
Composer: - L. Farr-H. Blair
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC-140
Recorded: - Unknown Date October 1952
Released: - December 1952
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 192-A mono
ISLAND OF HEARTACHES / BY AND BY

02 - "BY AND BY" - B.M.I. - 2:39
Composer: - L. Farr-H. Blair
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC-141
Recorded: - Unknown Date October 1952
Released: - December 1952
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 192-B mono
BY AND BY / ISLAND OF HEARTACHES
Reissued: - January 6, 2010 Goldenlane Records (MP3) Internet Sample mono
VARIOUS ARTISTS - MISSISSIPPI HILLBILLY

03 - "SWEETHEART I WOULDN'T CHANCE A THING" - B.M.I. - 2:29
Composer: - L. Farr
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC-142
Recorded: - Unknown Date October 1952
Released: - April 1953
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 193-A mono
SWEETHEART I WOULDN'T CHANCE A THING / ONE-SIDED LOVE
Reissued: - January 6, 2010 Goldenlane Records (MP3) Internet Sample mono
VARIOUS ARTISTS - MISSISSIPPI HILLBILLY

04 - "ONE-SIDE LOVE" - B.M.I. - 2:34
Composer: - L. Farr
Publisher: - Globe Music
Matrix number: - DRC-143
Recorded: - Unknown Date October 1952
Released: - April 1953
First appearance: - Trumpet Records (S) 78rpm standard single Trumpet 193-B mono
ONE-SIDED LOVE / SWEETHEART I WOULDN'T CHANCE A THING
Reissued: - January 6, 2010 Goldenlane Records (MP3) Internet Sample mono
VARIOUS ARTISTS - MISSISSIPPI HILLBILLY

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Billy ''Tag'' Williams - Vocal
More Details Unknown

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR WILLIE NIX
AT MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: OCTOBER 2, 8, 9, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

Skinny as a rake and blessed with a loftiness that would do a high school basketball player proud, Willie Nix was one of the first musicians to be hired when The Memphis Recording Service opened for business in 1950. In the pre-Sun days, Sam Phillips hived-out Nix's recordings to RPM and Checker and then with the tag of "The Memphis Blues Boy" he came good for one in-house single with this personalised checklist of rolls and buns. Later sides appeared on Chance in Chicago.

01 - "SEEMS LIKE A MILLION YEARS" - B.M.I. - 2:39
Composer: - Willie Nix-Sam C. Phillips
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - U 59 - Master
Recorded: - October 8, 1952
Released: - January 30, 1953
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78rpm standard single SUN 179 mono
SEEMS LIKE A MILLION YEARS / BAKER SHO BOOGIE
Reissued:  - 1994 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15801-1-8 mono
THE SUN SINGLES COLLECTION - VOLUME 1

''Seems Like A Million Years'', a  sad theme is explored here, and receives appropriately serious treatment from the cascading piano work of Albert Williams to Joe Willie Wilkins' taught guitar- playing. Nix's vocal is measured, and his drumming simply follows the rhythmic line.

02(1) - "BAKER SHOP BOOGIE" - B.M.I. - 2:39
Composer: - Willie Nix-Sam C. Phillips
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - U 60 - Master
Recorded: - October 2, 1952
Released: - January 30, 1953
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78rpm standard single SUN 179 mono
BAKER SHOP BOOGIE / SEEMS LIKE A MILLION YEARS
Reissued:  - 1994 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15801-1-7 mono
THE SUN SINGLES COLLECTION - VOLUME 1


This stomping boogie surely earns Nix the title of Jelly Roll King as he lauds the Lady's backing technique, and even her oven! Mucho sexual unnuendo indeed, and the tongue-in-cheek vocal is boosted by James Cotton's meaty harp solo. As limited as Nix was as a vocalist and as insufferable as he was personally, ''Baker Shop Boogie'' rocks out. This wasn't the first baker-sex analog, and it's not as well known as Lonnie Johnson's ''Here A Jelly Roll baker'' or even Blind Lemon Jefferson's ''Baker Shop Blues'', but it's irresistible nonetheless.

02(2) - "BAKER SHOP BOOGIE" - B.M.I. - 2:27
Composer: - Willie Nix-Sam C. Phillips
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None - Alternate Take 1 -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - October 9, 1952
Released: - 1976
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30114-A-4 mono
THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 7 – SUN BLUES
Reissued: - June 18, 2012 JSP Records (MP3) Internet Sample mono
VARIOUS ARTISTS - JUKE JOINTS 3 - VOLUME 2

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Willie Nix - Vocal and Drums
Joe Willie Wilkins - Guitar
Albert "Joiner" Williams - Piano
James "Jimmy" Cotton - Harmonica

Like Joe Hill Louis, Willie Nix was a local musician who worked sessions for Sam Phillips as well as seeing releases on Sun and Modern. A drummer and sometime guitarist, Nix had a radio show in West Memphis, Arkansas with Joe Willie Wilkins who plays guitar on this session. Albert Williams piano and Jimmy Cotton, harmonica complete the combo on this fine amalgam of cottonfield and city influences.

Sexual metaphor is no stranger to the blues. The joys of sex, indeed of anatomical detail, have been rhapsodized in terms of a host of metaphors, ranging from fast cars to musical instruments. Here, Nix's woman is a baker whose oven and sweet jelly roll(s) are a source of such joy to him that he was immortalized her charms in a boogie. The March 28, 1953 issue of Billboard' failed to appreciate his devotion, claiming "The material is ordinary, but Nix sings it out".

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


OCTOBER 1952

Joe Bihari arrives in Memphis to see Ike Turner, and to arrange further sessions for Modern Records.

Sam Phillips pitches another Willie Nix acetate to Chess Records, which is refused  (he later uses it in the re-launch of Sun Records). Chess also turn down a Raymond Hill  single, as do Trumpet Records, who currently have a massive hit in their hands with Elmore  James' "Dusty My Broom".

Joe Bihari (left), blues musician B.B. King, disc jockey Hunter Hancock and an unidentified man, 1954 >

Sam Phillips records Walter "Tang" Smith for Jim Buleit's Nashville-based J-B label.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR RAYMOND HILL
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: MONDAY OCTOBER 6, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

Raymond Hill quit Jackie Brenston's Delta Cats to launch his own group. In October 1952, he returned to Sun with yet another ''Rocket 88'' alumnus, guitarist Willie Kizart.

01 - "LONG GONE RAYMOND" - 1 - B.M.I. - 2:38
Composer: - Raymond Hill
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - October 6, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm SUNBOX 105 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1956
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-18 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958


Ike Turner's Kings of Rhythm (clockwise from upper left)   Jackie Brenston, Raymond Hill, Eddie Jones, Fred Sample,   Billy Gayles, Eugene Washington, Ike Turner, Jesse Knight.

By all accounts Raymond Hill began to record solo for Sam Phillips because he felt he wasn't getting his financial due from previous efforts with Ike Turner and Jackie Brenston. Here he honks his way tunefully through a straight ahead outling, ably supported by pianist Evan Bradshaw, and mercifully confirming that not all   sax-players of the era were obsessed with replicating hippo farts. 


Although this track was never released, Sam Phillips was sufficiently impressed with Hill's sax style to continue recording him over the next couple of years. In 1954 Raymond Hill finally saw a Sun release, "Bourbon Street Jump"/"The Snuggle" (SUN 204).


On this 1952 session, Hill and Kizart were joined by yet another of Ike's Kings of Rhythm, bassist John Edward Nash. It might have been Phillips who supplied two local Memphis musicians, pianist Bradshaw and drummer Houston Stokes. Bradshaw played the steady roll behind Hill. If Hill had something on his mind, when he concocted this tune, it was probably Jimmy Forrest's ''Night Train''.

02 - "MY BABY LEFT ME*" - B.M.I. - 2:25
Composer: - Raymond Hill
Publisher: - Cop Cont - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - October 6, 1952
Released: - 1976 
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30126-A-1 mono
THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 11 - MEMPHIS BLUES SOUNDS
Reissued:  - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-19 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

It is, of course, a well-worn cliché, but as a vocalist Raymond Hill makes a pretty good sax player. Here, alongside several of his confreres from the "Rocket 88" session, Raymond reworks Elmore James' riff. Willie Kizart's guitar is outstanding and the backing is rock solid, but there is no getting away from the shortcomings of Raymond's vocal - which is doubtless why it was not released at the time.

03(1) - "SOMEBODY'S BEEN CARRYIN' YOUR ROLLIN ON*" - 1 - B.M.I. - 2:57
Composer: - Raymond Hill
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 6, 1952
Released: - 1976
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30103-B-3 mono
THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 3 - DELTA RHYTHM KINGS
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-20 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958


Raymond Hill >

Two very distinct versions of ''Somebody's Been Carryin' Your Rollin' On'' were recorded. This (take 1) is the unadorned track, but at some point Phillips added echo and a vocal group to another take, making a polished master that went some way toward disguising Raymond's weak vocal.

The other version (take 2), audibly dubbed from acetate, appeared on an early 1970s Redita Records collection, Memphis Blues at Sunshine''.


Chess Records was sufficiently interested in the overdubbed version and another song that has disappeared from the vault, ''Hold Me Baby'' to assign master numbers, but the release was cancelled in the disagreement that set in between Chess and Phillips. Earlier, Sam Phillips had sent a dub of this song to Lillian McMurry at Trumpet, who's refused it.

03(2) - "SOMEBODY'S BEEN CARRYN' YOUR ROLLIN ON*" - 2 - B.M.I.
Composer: - Raymond Hill
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - F 1039 - Take 2 - Not Originally Issued
Unknown Vocal Group
Recorded: - October 6, 1952
Released: - 1973
First appearance: - Redita Records (S) 78rpm Redita 105 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES AT SUNSHINE

This (Take 1) slow blues takes on added depth of meaning if you suppose that the singer is the 'somebody': "Have you ever loved a woman/and she's always doing you wrong/well, I'm gonna tell you if you don't know...". Now it becomes one of those 'best friend' melodramas that so frequently square the eternal triangle. Hill's voice may be lacking in nuance but part of his limitation stems from his attempts to sing in the then-fashionable-laid-back style of West Coasters like Charles Brown and Amos Milburn. He gets the job done but lacks the extra commitment that Jackie Brenston could supply, seemingly with little effort.

04 - "SITTIN' ON TOP OF THE WORLD" - B.M.I. - 2:25
Composer: - Raymond Hill
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 6, 1952
Released: - 1986
First appearance: - 1986 Krazy Kat Records (LP) 33rpm KK 7427 mono
MEMPHIS BLUES - UNISSUED TITLES FROM THE 1950
Reissued:  1992 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CD SUN 36-12 mono
THE SUN BLUES ARCHIVES - WAY AFTER MIDNIGHT - VOLUME 4

05 - "HOLD ME BABY" - B.M.I.
Composer: - Raymond Hill
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 6, 1952
Released: - 1973
First appearance: - Redita Records (S) 78rpm Redita 105 mono
HOLD ME BABY / SOMEDODY'S BEEN CARRYIN' YOUR ROLLIN ON

06 - "YOU'VE CHANGED" - B.M.I. - 2:20
Composer: - Raymond Hill
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 6, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30126-A-2 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK - VOLUME 11 - MEMPHIS BLUES SOUNDS

07 - "I'M BACK PRETTY BABY*" - B.M.I. - 2:39
Composer: - Raymond Hill
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 6, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30126-A-3 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK - VOLUME 11 - MEMPHIS BLUES SOUNDS
Reissued: - 1996 Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-3-21 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958

Like almost all of the tracks from this session, this relies upon Willie Kizart's bedrock boogie patterns, this time played in union with the bass. Evan Bradshaw's piano also gets to peep through the cracks at times, after supplying an opening solo. Hill's tenor solo is relaxed and rasping, making this perhaps the most successful and rounded performance from the session. Even so, this was his one and only outing as a budding vocalist.

Sam Phillips assigned a Chess master number F 1039 to ''Somebody's Been Carrying Your Rollin' On'' but Chess refused the title. Phillips subsequently pitched it to the Diamond Record Co. (Trumpet) but they also refused it.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Raymond Hill - Vocal (except - 1) and Tenor Saxophone
Evans Bradshaw - Piano
Willie Kizart - Guitar
John Ed Nash - Bass
Houston Stokes - Drums

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©


OCTOBER 1952

Sam Phillips did some recordings for Trumpet Records' Lillian McMurry, the lady who had given the Bihari brothers such a hard time when they tried to steal her artists. And Sam sold a couple of hard blues sides that he had recorded on Joe Hill Louis earlier in the year of 1951, to 4-Star proprietor Bill McCall, who had put out the very first records ever to come out of the Memphis Recording Service. But clearly he no longer had enough of a ready market to sustain his recording activities. There was a brief flicker of hope when Leonard Chess announced the formation of a new sister label, Checker, in the spring, but than just a couple of months later Checker had an entirely unexpected instrumental hit by Muddy Waters' virtuosic harmonica player, Little Walter. ''Juke'', which topped the rhythm and blues charts for five weeks in the fall, not only smashed all previous Chess sales records, it pretty much put paid to any hopes Sam might have had of promoting his own harmonica virtuoso, Walter Horton, as brilliant in his way as his younger namesake, in whom both Leonard Chess and the Bihari brothers had shown some interest in the past.

What hurt most about this final break with Chess Records was losing Howlin' Wolf once and for all. Sam Phillips had one last session with Wolf on October 7, 1952, from Sam's perspective it was the least satisfying session yet, with Chess insisting on a fuller horn section and Sam complying by putting together an off-kilter trombone-saxophone combination, probably not the commercial direction that the label had in mind. From Sam's point of view Leonard Chess, like the Biharis, was more interested in ''excitement'' than in ''feel''. And while to the casual observer, or even to the passionate Wolf fanatic, the difference may have seemed slight, Sam clearly felt pressured (''I don't think they wanted to take the time to say, 'Hey man we're proud of this damn music''), and, in any case, there were to be no more sessions. For the next year and a half Leonard Chess did his best to get the Wolf to quit Memphis, and Wolf, who could be as obstinately principled as the next person, in fact, sometimes considerably more so, staunchly resisted.

There were no more Wolf singles until January 1953, when two sides were culled from the last session, and then, as if to say to Wolf, ''If you don't move to Chicago, you're through, 'nothing for the last eleven months of the year. Wolf got so fed up that he appears to have recorded some sides on his own, probably at the radio station, and then gone to Les Bihari, the oldest of the Bihari brothers, why by 1953 had moved to Memphis and, with his brothers' active participation, started a studio and a label, Meteor, of his own. According to this Bihari, neither the most stable personality nor the most reliable of sources, ''Howlin' Wolf came to me, and he says he's supposed to have a record released. I called Leonard and I told him I had Howlin' Wolf in the office, and if he wasn't going to record him and put it out, I was''. After being assured that Chess had no intention of letting Wolf go, Bihari evidently sent the tapes to the label, and just two or three months later, finally satisfied that the time was right, Wolf set out for Chicago, where he would remain until his death in 1976, an unrivaled exponent of the raw, wrenched-from-real-life feel that for Wolf, and for Sam Phillips, too, was at the heart of the blues.


© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR HOWLIN' WOLF
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: TUESDAY OCTOBER 7, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS
AND/OR MARION KEISKER

MOST OF THE REPERTOIRE ON THIS SESSION WAS DUBBED FROM
ACETATE OR DISC SOURCE
MANY OF THE ORIGINAL MASTER TAPES HAVE BEEN LOST

Howlin's Wolf last known appearance in Sam Phillips' studio. Phillips' log book noted that Wolf was to return and cut some more titles to fulfill his obligation, but there is no indication that he ever did. The tape box was marked "Wolf With Big Band" and the session featured an often ragged horn section.

01(1) - "OH RED"*/** - B.M.I. - 2:43
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-1 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

This uptempo cut, was derived from a pre-War song by The Harlem Hamfats but Wolf may have recorded it in deference to local pianist and fellow Chess artist, Billy "Red" Love (Also known as Drop Top Red) who might be playing piano on the session.

01(2) - "OH RED"*/** - B.M.I. - 2:38
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - 1989
First appearance: - Rounder Records (LP) 33rpm SS 28 mono
CADILLAC DADDY
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-14 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

01(3) - "OH RED" */** - B.M.I. - 2:35
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - 1037 - Take 3 - Master
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - Approx November 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm standard single Chess 1528-A mono
OH RED / MY LAST AFFAIR
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-10 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

02(1) - "MY LAST AFFAIR" - B.M.I. - 3:02
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - 1989
First appearance: - Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-2 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

02(2) - "MY LAST AFFAIR" - B.M.I. - 2:56
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - 1038 - Take 2 - Master
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - Approx November 1952
First appearance: - Chess Records (S) 78rpm standard single Chess 1528-B mono
MY LAST AFFAIR / OH RED
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-11 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

03(1) "COME BACK HOME"** - B.M.I. - 2:33
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - 1989
First appearance: - Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-3 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

03(2) - "COME BACK HOME" - B.M.I. - 2:31
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - 1990
First appearance: - Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-12 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

''Come Back Home'' (take 3) is a standout. There is evidence that, this time around, Wolf and his sidemen had worked out an arrangement and agreed the tempo and material up front. The lovely countryish guitar figure that kicks off this track weaves its way under and around Wolf's vocal and provides continuity, not to mention a considerable hook. In fact, it is the single two bar guitar figure that one recalls even after the memory of Wolf's vocal has faded.

03(3) - "COME BACK HOME" - B.M.I. - 2:08
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Take 3 -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - September 1977
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30134 mono
THE LEGENDARY SUN PERFORMERS – HOWLIN' WOLF
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15500-15 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 2

04 - "C.V. WINE BLUES"** - B.M.I. - 3:05
Composer: - Chester Burnett
Publisher: - Delta Music Incorporated
Matrix number: - None -  Not Original Issued
Recorded: - October 7, 1952
Released: - 1976
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30102-A-4 mono
SUN: THE ROOTS OF ROCK – VOLUME 2 – SAM'S BLUES
Reissued: - 1989 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15460-9 mono
MEMPHIS DAYS - THE DEFINITIVE EDITION - VOLUME 1

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Howlin' Wolf - Vocal*, Vocal and Harmonica
Willie Johnson - Guitar
Unknown - Bass
Willie Steele - Drums
William Johnson - Piano
Walter "Tang" Smith - Trombone**
Charles Taylor - Tenor Sax**
Billy Love - Piano

"Leonard Chess kept worryin' me to come to Chicago", Wolf recalled to David Booth. "They talked me the notion to give up my business and come. I turned my farming business over to my brother-in-law, my grandfather's farm that he left me. I moved to Chicago in 1952 or 1953. I had a four-thousand-dollar car and $3,900 in my pocket. I'm the onliest one drove out of the South like a gentlemen".

The first two sessions that Howlin' Wolf held in Chicago have sometimes been mistaken as Memphis sessions. They appear as such in Blues Records 1943-1970 (Leadbetter/Slaven). Chess obviously tried to re-create the Memphis sound but the results were considered unsuccessful. Few of the titles were assigned master numbers and only one single (Chess 1557) resulted. There w