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1955 SESSIONS (9)
September 1 , 1955 to September 30, 1955

Unknown Sessions 

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SEPTEMBER 1955

Sun 227/Flip 227 ''Just Love Me Baby'' b/w ''Weeping Blues'' by Rosco Gordon are released.

Photo (above) from left: Scotty Moore, Jack Cardwell, Roy Parker, Jimmy Swan, Ernie Chaffin, Mrs. Jimmie Rogers, Al Terry, Jim Reeves, Jeff Bidderson, Lawton Williams, Luke McDaniel, Joe Clay, Elvis Presley. In front: Ann Raye with Red Smith

SEPTEMBER 1, 1955 THURSDAY

Luke McDaniel started in 1954 working regular guest shots on the Louisiana Hayride in Shreveport, Louisiana and it was on this date that he met Elvis Presley. Luke was photographed in New Orleans with a Hayride touring show. In a group shot, McDaniel stood beside Elvis Presley with Joe Clay popping up behind him. Ernie Chaffin, Jim Reeves, Jimmy Swan, and Jimmie Rodgers' widow, Carry, were there, too.

Carl Perkins is transferred from Flip to the Sun label with the release of SUN 224 "Gone, Gone, Gone".

Red Hadley, having failed to secure a Sun release, has "Brother That's All" issued on Meteor 5017. Billboard mistakenly reviews it in their rhythm and blues section.

SEPTEMBER 2, 1955 FRIDAY

Dobro player Josh Graves recorded with Flatt and Scruggs for the first time.

Elvis Presley wrecks a Cadillac on the way from New Orleans to a show in Texarkana. Presley's able to play the date, along with Johnny Cash.

SEPTEMBER 3, 1955 SATURDAY

Jim Reeves moves to the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville after first starring on The Louisiana Hayride in Shreveport, Louisiana.

SEPTEMBER 5, 1955 MONDAY

Tennessee Ernie Ford sings ''Sixteen Tons'' on his daytime variety show. Fan mail pours in, and Ford recorded it two weeks later.

''The Pee Wee King Show'', broadcast from WEWS-TV in Cleveland, concludes a four-month run in ABC's prime-time lineup.

SEPTEMBER 6, 1955 TUESDAY

After Johnny Cash tells him a story about a former Air Force buddy with distinctive footwear, Carl Perkins writes ''Blue Suede Shoes'' backstage before a show in Bono, Arkansas. Perkins plays it live for the first time that night. Cash told Carl a story about a black serviceman named C.V. White, a cool operator with whom he had served in Germany. He and his buddies were all standing in the chow line one night when somebody stepped on C.V.'s toes. ''Hey, man'', said C.V. drily, who like everyone else was wearing regulation black Air Force-issue shoes, ''I don't care what you do with my fraulein, just don't step on my blue suede shoes''. Just a few nights later, after getting home late from a hometown gig, the song came to Carl. His wife and two little kids were asleep, so Carl sat out on the steps of the public housing project where he lived and sang the lyrics softly to himself, attaching a nursery rhyme introduction he remembered from playing hide and seek as a kid (''One for the money, two for the show...'') and then writing it all out on a brown paper bag that he had to first empty of potatoes.

SEPTEMBER 10, 1955 SATURDAY

Justin Tubb joins the Grand Ole Opry, at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee.

Jim Reeves makes his final appearance on The Louisiana Hayride in Shreveport.
''Gunsmoke'' make his debuts is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman MacDonnell and writer John Meston. The stories take place in and around Dodge City, Kansas, during the settlement of the American West. The central character is lawman Marshal Matt Dillon, played by William Conrad on radio and James Arness on television. When aired in the UK, the television series was initially titled Gun Law, later reverting to Gunsmoke.

The radio series ran from 1952 to 1961. John Dunning wrote that among radio drama enthusiasts, "Gunsmoke is routinely placed among the best shows of any kind and any time''. The TV series ran from September 10, 1955, to March 31, 1975, on CBS, with 635 total episodes. It was the second Western television series written for adults, premiering on September 10, 1955, four days after ''The Life And Legend of Watt Earp. The first 12 seasons aired Saturdays at 10 pm, seasons 13 through 16 aired Mondays at 7:30 pm, and the last four seasons aired Mondays at 8 pm. During its second season in 1956, the program joined the list of the top ten television programs broadcast in the United States. It quickly moved to number one and stayed there until 1961. It remained among the top 20 programs until 1964.

SEPTEMBER 11, 1955 SUNDAY

Elvis Presley performs the first of two shows on a Hank Snow package tour with Cowboy Copas and The Louvin Brothers at the City Auditorium in Norfolk, Virginia. In the audience, Gene Vincent.

SEPTEMBER 12, 1955 MONDAY

Don Gibson recorded his first hit, ''Sweet Dreams'' in an evening session in Nashville.

Decca released a double-sided Webb Pierce hit, ''Love, Love, Love'' backed with ''If You Were Me''.

SEPTEMBER 13, 1955 TUESDAY

Rhythm and blues singer Little Richard recorded ''Tutti Frutti'' in the J&M Studio in New Orleans. The song will be referenced in the lyrics of The Statler Brothers' 1972 country single ''Do You Remember These''.

SEPTEMBER 14, 1955 WEDNESDAY

Sax player Steve Berlin is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He joins the East Los Angeles band Los Lobos in the early-1980s, producing ''Will The Wolf Survive'', hailed among country's 500 greatest singles in a Country Music Foundation book.

MID-SEPTEMBER 1955

''Mystery Train'' hit the national charts, the week after ''Baby Let's Play House'' had its highest combined showing number 7, ''Most Played by Jockeys'', number 15, ''Best Sellers in Stores''. But even as the earlier single continued to hold its respectable position as a store best seller, ''Mystery Train'' forged ahead of it by one place in the first week, while ''I Forgot To Remember To Forget'' was number 10 on the radio airplay list. From that point on, the new single continued to rise precipitously, while ''Baby Let's Play House'' effectively dropped off the charts.

SEPTEMBER 15, 1955 THURSDAY

Grandpa Jones and Ramona have a son, Mark.

Roy Hall recorded the original version of ''Whole Lot Of Shakin' Going On''. It becomes a hit for Jerry Lee Lewis in 1957.

"The Signifying Monkey" b/w ''Listen To Me Baby'' (Sun 228/Flip 228) by Smokey Joe Baugh is released at about this time.

SEPTEMBER 16, 1955 FRIDAY

Bill Monroe holds a recording session in Nashville using three fiddlers, Vassar Clements, Bobby Hicks and Gordon Terry. It marks the first of 31 sessions in which he employs his mistress, Bessie Lee Mauldin, on bass.

SEPTEMBER 20, 1955 TUESDAY

Tennessee Ernie Ford recorded the Merle Travis-written ''Sixteen Tons'' at the Capitol Recording Studio on Melrose Avenue in Hollywood.

''The Phil Silvers Show'', originally titled ''You'll Never Get Rich'', is a sitcom which ran on CBS from September 20, 1955 – September 11, 1959. A pilot called "Audition Show" was made in 1955, but never broadcast. 143 other episodes were broadcast - all half-an-hour long except for a 1959 one-hour live special. The series starred Phil Silvers as Master Sergeant Ernest G. Bilko of the United States Army.
The series was created and largely written by Nat Hiken, and won three consecutive Emmy Awards for Best Comedy Series. The show is sometimes titled''Sergeant Bilko'' or simply ''Bilko'' in reruns, and is very often referred to by these names, both on-screen and by viewers. The show's success transformed Silvers from a journeyman comedian into a star, and writer-producer Hiken from a highly regarded behind-the-scenes comedy writer into a publicly recognized creator.

SEPTEMBER 21, 1955 WEDNESDAY

Carl Smith recorded ''I Feel Like Cryin''' and ''You're Free To Go'' in a late-night session at Nashville's Bradley Studio.

SEPTEMBER 22, 1955 THURSDAY

Jenny Peer is granted a divorce from bandleader Bill Peer, whom she alleges had an adulterous affair with his protege, Patsy Cline. Cline refuses to marry him, and leaves his band less than 10 days later.

SEPTEMBER 23, 1955 FRIDAY

Drummer Mel Taylor has a son, Melvin ''Leon'' Taylor, in Johnson City, Tennessee. After a move to California, Dad plays on a pair of Buck Owen hits and becomes a member of The Ventures. Son will replace him in The Ventures after his death.

SEPTEMBER 24, 1955 SATURDAY

Lynne Connie Voorlas is born in Oak Park, Illinois. As Lane Brody, she shares a number 1 hit with Johnny Lee in 1984 after recording ''The Yellow Rose Of Texas''. She also sing the Oscar-nomination ''Over You'' in the Robert Duvall movie ''Tender Mercies''.

Wanda Jackson joins host Red Foley on the ABC-TV series ''Ozark Jubilee''.

SEPTEMBER 26, 1955 MONDAY

Carlene Carter is born in Nashville. The daughter of Carl Smith and June carter, she develops an edgy brand of country that flirts with rockabilly, debuting in 1977. She attains her biggest commercial success in the early 1990s.

''Those Whiting Girls'', a summer replacement series for ''I Love Lucy'' that features pop-and-country singer Margaret Whiting, ends its three-months run on CBS-TV.

SEPTEMBER 28, 1955 WEDNESDAY

George Jones convinces Louisiana Hayride producer Horage Logan to let him open a Hayride road show in Conroe, Texas. Jones sings ''Why Baby Why'', opening for Elvis Presley, David Houston, Johnny Horton and The Browns.

SEPTEMBER 29, 1955 THURSDAY

Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys recorded ''My Shoes Keep Walking Back To You'' in Nashville. The song becomes a hit for Ray Price two years later.

SEPTEMBER 30, 1955 FRIDAY

''The Adventures Of Champion'' debuts on CBS-TV. Gene Autry's company produced the series, starring his Wonder Horse.

James Dean died in a car crash when his Porsche Spyder crashed. Dean, twenty-four, had completed only three movies during his career, including "East Of Eden" and "Giant". But it was his portrayal of a rebellious teenager in "Rebel Without A Cause" - released four days after his death - that made Dean an icon for the growing youth culture. Dean is referenced in the Bellamy Brothers' ''Rebels Without A Clue'', The Statler Brothers' ''Do You Remember These'' and Keith Urban's ''John Cougar, John Deere, John 3:16''.

By the time future Sun recording star, Roy Hall turned up for his Decca session in September 1955, both he and Paul Cohen had figured Roy could do something leaning towards the new rock and roll end of the marked. Roy Hall made four sessions in all for Decca, and summarised his Decca period like this, ''yeah man, I was hot in those days. I recorded four million sellers for Decca, ''See You Later Alligator'', ''Whole Lotta Shakin''', ''All By Myself'', and ''Blue Suede Shoes''. He omitted to mention that these songs were million sellers for someone else. When pressed, he clarified the hype a little, ''Well, yes, Ok, but see, that was part of the plan. Cover records were a big thing in the early days of rock and roll. And then, ''Whole Lotta Shakin'''was my song, after all. Jerry Lee learned that song from me in my club. When I cut it, he wasn't even recording. That song was a sleeper. It was made up of parts I put together with another feller, and he sung it as blues and I sung it as myself in the club. It was recorded all kinds of ways before Jerry Lee Lewis got to it''. He later told Nick Tosches: ''Me and a coloured guy name of Dave Williams put it together. We was down in Pahokee, Florida, out at Lake Okeechobee. We was drunk, writing songs. We was out there fishing and milking snakes. Drinking wine. This guy had a bell out there and he'd ring us to get us to come in for dinner. And I call over there to the other part of the island, I say 'What's going on'? Colored guy said, 'We got twenty one drums, see, they's all drunk. We got an old bass horn, and they even keeping time on a ding dong. 'See, that's the big bell they'd ring to get us to come in''. When they returned from the swamps, Williams apparently started pitching their song to black singers in New York while Hall started playing it in the honky tonks of Nashville. The song was first copyrighted by Marlyn-Copar Music, Decca producer Paul Cohen's company, in New York early in 1955 under the title ''Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On'' and credited to Dave Williams and Sunny David. Roy Hall was Sonny David: ''When me and Curlee Williams copyrighted the song I used a pen name, Sunny David. I had me a lot of pen names, I was trying to get away from the income tax. They finally caught my ass, too''. The first to record ''Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On'' was blues shouter Big Maybelle who recorded the song in New York in March 1955 with a band led by Quincy Jones. It was issued on the Okeh label that summer, credited only D.C. Williams as the writer. Presumably Williams, who was based in New York, facilitated the recording. In October 1955 David Williams copyrighted the song through Village Music Company under the name of ''A Whole Lot 'O Ruckus''. The final version was never copyrighted until August 1957 after Jerry Lee Lewis hit with it on Sun. Currently it's registered in Williams' name only.

By the time ''Ruckus'' was copyrighted, Roy Hall's own version of the song had been cut on September 15, 1955, and it appeared as the B-side of Decca 29679 within just a few days. On October 8, 1955, it was reviewed in Billboard: ''Webb Pierce's pianist takes a stab in the vocal field and shows a highly distinctive, flavorsome voice, showcased in two rock and roll type entries''. Like Maybelle's record, Hall opens with the ''Twenty one drums... beating on a ding dong'' before venturing into the more familiar ''come on over baby... whole lotta shakin'... chicken in the barn... bull by the horns'' lines so familiar to the world from Lewis's later version.

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