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1952 SESSIONS (7)
July 1, 1952 to July 31, 1952

Studio Session for Howlin' Wolf, July 10, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Joe Hill Louis, July 18, 1952 / Chess Records
Studio Session for Rosco Gordon, July 21, 1952 / Duke Records 

For Biographies of Artists see: > The Sun Biographies <
Playlists of the Artists can be found on 706 Union Avenue Sessions of > YouTube <
 
 

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JULY 1952

After his final job by the International Shoe Company, future Sun recording artist Ray Smith entered the Air Force. By this point he had already met his wife-to-be, Lillie. ''I joined the Air Force in July 1952, he told his fan club president Tommie Wix. ''One day at work a friend of mine came to me at lunchtime and said, 'Let's go swimming'. We did, and this brought about my resignation or otherwise be fired'. That led the lead to my enlistment. I was transferred to George Air Force Base, Victorville, California. After nineteen months in Metz, France I was returned to the USA, New York City, where I was discharged with honors and medals for service beyond the call of duty''.

Ray Smith began singing under orders from his sergeants: ''I was in basic training at Sampson Air Force Base in Syracuse, New York. There was a talent show and the men in my unit told the C.O. 'Smitty can sing'. The song i sang was ''Lovesick Blues''. I won first prize. That's what influenced me into music, and I have been doing it ever since. I had my first paying job as an entertainer at Nora's Desert Inn, Barstow, California at $12.50 a night, Friday and Saturday only''. In France, Ray and his wife Lillie lived off base. At night and on weekends, Ray played servicemen's clubs. For a time, he considered a career in the Air Force but left in June 1956.

JULY 1952

Article in the rhythm and blues magazine ''Beat' reports: ''We are proud of the opportunity given to many entertainers in the Southern field, thru the media of radio station WDIA in Memphis. Some of the boys who have done well from there are Rufus Thomas, B.B. King, Nat Williams, Rosco Gordon, A.C. ''Moohah'' Williams, Jackie Brenston, the Spirit of Memphis Quartet, the Gospel Travelers and Reverend Brewster (the latter three are from the gospel field). A few of these enterprising young men are starting their own company, Tri-State Recording. The label will be called Duke. First batch of releases are out and should be good sellers in the rhythm and blues market''.

The Summer Olympics begin in Helsinki, Finland during July of 1952. A total of 69 counties participated in the games with the Soviet Union and Israel doing so for the first time. There were 149 total events with 4,955 athletes competing in them. The United States won the most medals with 76 and the Soviet Union won the second most with 71, the host nation came in eighth place on the medals table with a total of 22 medals. These games also marked the first time that equestrian competitions allowed women to compete with men in mixed events.

JULY 1952

Sam Phillips records Rosco Gordon again, this time for Duke Records. Meanwhile, "No More Doggin'" finally drops off the Rhythm and Blues listings after peaking at number 2 in a 15- week chart run. Rosco is on the road with The Clovers.

JULY 1, 1952 TUESDAY

CBS debuts the twice-a-week series ''Music Hall'', hosted by Patty Page.

JULY 3, 1952 THURSDAY

Dick Curless marries Pauline Green

JULY 5, 1952 SATURDAY

The clogging troupe Ralph Sloan and The Tennessee Travelers joins the Grand Ole Opry, at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee.

Rosco Gordon's ''New Orleans Wimmen'' (RPM 358) enters the local charts in Atlanta.

JULY 7, 1952 MONDAY

Keyboard player Floyd Domino is born. He becomes a member of Asleep At The Wheel and plays with George Strait, appearing on such hits as ''Love Without End, Amen'', ''I've Come To Expect It From You'' and ''If You Ain't Lovin' (You Ain't Livin')''.

JULY 8, 1952 TUESDAY

The afternoon before marrying June Carter, Carl Smith recorded ''Our Honeymoon'' at Nashville's Castle Studio in the Tulane Hotel.

Johnny Horton holds his first recording session for Mercury Records.

JULY 9, 1952 WEDNESDAY

June Carter marries Carl Smith at his sister's house in Alcoa, Tennessee.

JULY 10, 1952 THURSDAY

Hank and Audrey Williams are divorced for the second and final time.

Tennessee Ernie Ford recorded ''Blackberry Boogie'' at the Capitol Studios on Melrose Avenue in Hollywood, California.

Studio session with Howlin' Wolf at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee. More details unknown.

JULY 11, 1952 FRIDAY

Hank Williams recorded ''You Win Again'' a day after his divorce is finalized, along with ''I Won't Be Home No More'' at the Castle Studio in Nashville's Tulane Hotel.

JULY 12, 1952 SATURDAY

Keyboard player Randy McCormick is born in Rogersvill, Alabama. Ho co-writes Eddie Rabbitt's ''Suspicious'' and Conway Twitty's ''Crazy In Love'', and plays on singles by George Strait, Ricky Van Shelton and Kenny Chesney, among others.

''Tri-State Denies modern injunction on Rosco Gordon denying earlier published reports to the contrary, Tri-State Recording, the Memphis-based firm which produces disks under the Duke label, stated this week that Modern Records, West Coast indie, has not sought an injunction against them in an ongoing dispute involving Rosco Gordon, rhythm and blues chanter, David Mattis, head of Duke, further mentioned that the contract between Gordon and his company had been approved by the American Federation of Musicians.

According to Mattis, ''the AFM has sent a letter to Modern, explaining that Duke's contract with Rosco Gordon was approved and, as far as the Federation is concerned, the singer is under contract to Duke. Gordon's single of '''New Orleans Wimmen'' is an original on the Duke label, which was later recorded and released before the Duke version'', Mattis said.

JULY 14, 1952 MONDAY

''The Eddy Arnold Show'' debuts as a summer replacement series on CBS-TV, but ends up running on all three major networks through September 1956.

The movie ''Son Of Paleface'' debuts in theaters with Bob Hope, Roy Rogers and Jane Russell singing ''Buttons And Bows''. Bing Crosby makes a cameo appearance.

JULY 15, 1952 TUESDAY

Blue Miller, of The Gibson/Miller Band, is born in Detroit. The Academy of Country Music names the band the Top New Group or Duo in 1994, but Dave Gibson leaves later that year, imploding the group after just one hit, ''Texas Tattoo''.

Webb Pierce recorded ''I Haven't Got The Heart'' during an afternoon session at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

Woody Guthrie is released from New York's Bellevue Hospital, following a one-month stay in which he was diagnosed, incorrectly, as schizophrenic. Within hours, he is drunk and has a fight with his family.

At the age of eight, Gladys Knight receiver &2,000 as the winner of ''The Original Amateur Hour'', hosted by Ted Mack on NBC-TV. She goes on to receive a nomination from the Country Music Association in 1994.

Goldie Hill has her first recording session, for Decca Records in Nashville.

JULY 16, 1952 WEDNESDAY

A day after his release from Bellevue Hospital in New York, Woody Guthrie checks into Kings County Hospital, convinced he needs to combat an alcohol addiction. His real problem, still undiagnosed, is a neurological disease, Huntington's chorea.

JULY 17, 1952 THURSDAY

Nicolette Larson is born in Helena, Montana. Best known for the 1979 pop hit ''Lotta Love'', her brief country career yields a single duet with Steve Wariner, ''That's How You Know When Love's Right''.

Arranger and guitarist Billy Strange recorded ''Bumming Around''. The song is a country hit the following year for Jimmy Dean and for T. Texas Tyler. Strange arranged and co-wrote with Mac Davis Elvis Presley's ''A Little Less Conversation''.

JULY 18, 1952 FRIDAY

MGM released Hank Williams' ''Jambalaya (On The Bayou)''.

Bill Monroe recorded ''In The Pines'' in an afternoon at Nashville's Castle Studio in the Tulane Hotel. The performance is ranked among the 500 greatest country singles in history in the Country Music Foundation book ''Heartaches By The Number''.

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR JOE HILL LOUIS
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR CHESS RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: FRIDAY JULY 18, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

There's no shortage of blues (or hillbilly songs, for that matter) about women who don't come home at night, but it's unusual to name the woman who doesn't come home... and then marry her one week later, as Joe Hill Louis did when he married Dorothy Mae Pearson on July 25, 1952.

> DOROTHY MAY <
Composer: - Joe Hill Louis
Publisher: - B.M.I. - Burton Limited
Matrix number: - C 1035 A - Master (2:04)
Recorded: - July 18, 1952
Released: - 1952
First appearance: - Checker Records (S) 78rpm standard singleChecker 763-B mono
DOROTHY MAE / WHEN I AM GONE
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15524-2 mono
JOE HILL LOUIS - THE BE-BOP BOY

Although Louis worked live as a one-man-band, Sam Phillips had begun to record him with other musicians. On paper, the combination of Louis, Walter Horton, Jack Kelly and Willie Nix would have been expected to come up with something a little less commonplace than this: none of the musicians is less than competent, but neither are they any more than that. Horton resolutely comps his rhythm, even through the solo chorus, and neither Kelly or Nix can be heard well enough to discern what they might be doing. That leaves Joe, who happily belts out his verses, all about the said Lady, whom he seems to be getting rid of after she's already left anyway. Who said that women are the weaker sex?

Sam Phillips must have had high hopes when he shipped off the masters to Chess Records, but it didn't sell and Chess took nothing else by Louis and very little else from Phillips.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Joe Hill Louis - Vocal and Guitar
Walter Horton - Harmonica
Jack Kelly - Piano
Willie Nix – Drums

For Biographies of Joe Hill Louis see: > The Sun Biographies <
Joe Hill Louis' Checker/Sun recordings can be heard on the playlists from 706 Union Avenue Sessions on > YouTube <

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

JULY 19, 1952 SATURDAY

Guitarist Allen Collins is born in Jacksonville, Florida. During junior high school, he helps form Lynyrd Skynyrd, whose ''Sweet Home Alabama'' ranks among country's 500 greatest singles in the Country Music Foundation book ''Heartaches By The Number''.

JULY 21, 1952 MONDAY

Studio session with Rosco Gordon at the Memphis Recording Service in Memphis, Tennessee.

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

As a result Sam Phillips was forced to find other outlets. In July he recorded Rosco Gordon for a new Memphis label, Duke Records, which precipitated yet another lawsuit from the Bihari brothers. By the end of the summer, Duke, which had been started by WDIA's white program director, David James Mattis, had been taken over by Don Robey, the light-skinned owner of Peacock Records in Houston, Texas, and reputedly the city's black numbers boss, who was said to have put a gun on his desk and declared, whether by word or gesture, ''We have a deal''.

STUDIO SESSION FOR ROSCO GORDON
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR DUKE RECORDS 1952

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
STUDIO SESSION: MONDAY JULY 21, 1952
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

> TOO MANY WOMAN <
Composer: - James
Publisher: - B.M.I. - Lion Music Published
Matrix number: - 2264 - Master (2:55)
Recorded: - July 21, 1952
Released: - November 29, 1952
First appearance: - Duke Records (S) 78rpm standard single Duke R-109-A mono
TOO MANY WOMEN / WISE TO YOU BABY
Reissued: 2013 One Day Music Internet iTunes MP3-54 mono
THE SUN BLUES STORY

WISE TO YOU BABY
Composer: - James
Publisher: - B.M.I. - Lion Music Published
Matrix number: - 2265 - Master (2:52)
Recorded: - July 21, 1952
Released: - November 29, 1952
First appearance: - Duke Records (S) 78rpm standard single Duke R-109-B mono
WISE TO YOU BABY / TOO MANY WOMEN

I'M WISE TO YOU
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Sun Unissued
Recorded: - July 21, 1952

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Rosco Gordon - Vocal & Piano
The Beale Streeters
Probably
Johnny Ace - Piano
Bobby Bland - Guitar
Billy Duncan - Saxophone
Earl Forrest - Drums


Rosco Gordon's Duke/Sun recordings can be heard on his playlist from 706 Union Avenue Sessions on > YouTube <

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

JULY 22, 1952 TUESDAY

Bass player Mike Chapman is born. He plays on nearly all of Garth Brooks' hits, plus Kathy Matttea's ''Burning Old Memories'' and Sammy Kershaw's ''Third Rate Romance'', among others .

Woody Guthrie is transferred from Kings County Hospital to Brooklyn State Hospital for two months of psychiatric examination. During his stay, he undergoes shock therapy and is eventually diagnosed with a neurological disease, Huntington's chorea.

JULY 24, 1952 THURSDAY

The western ''High Noon'' opens with starring roles for Gary Cooper, Lloyd Bridges, Grace Kelly and Lon Chaney. The soundtrack album is released simultaneously, with Tex Ritter singing the title track.

JULY 25, 1952 FRIDAY

Rodeo rider Rex Allen and sidekick Slim Pickens come to the aid of the Army in the western ''Old Oklahoma Plains'', which debuts in theaters. Woodwind player Darol Rice has a cameo role.

''Barbed Wire'' appears in movie theaters with Gene Autry portraying a cattle buyer. He's backed by Pat Buttram, Clayton Moore, Frankie Marvin and Jerry Scoggins.

JULY 26, 1952 SATURDAY

''Peacock gets Duke label includes Gordon pact: Houston. Peacock Records, the rhythm and blues indie headed here by Don Robey and Irving Marcus, has taken over the Memphis-based plattery, Duke Records. The new Duke firm is headed by Robey, Marcus and David Mattis of Tri-State Recording. Peacock will continue to issue wax under the Duke label as well as its own rhythm and blues and spiritual platters.

Duke will be operated in the same manner as Peacock, with one pressing plant in the east, one in the south and one in California...

First releases on Duke include ''My Song'' by Johnny Ace, ''Baby Baby'' and ''Rock The Bottle'' by Earl Forest, and ''New Orleans Wimmen'' and ''T-Model Boogie'' by Rosco Gordon. Latter represents one of the most valuable properties acquired in the deal, with Gordon now under exclusive contract to Duke, according to officials of that company''.

JULY 28, 1952 MONDAY

Guitarist Robert ''Jabbo'' Arrington dies at General Hospital in Nashville. He appeared on Little Dickens' ''A Sleeping At The Foot Of The Bad'' and ''Hillbilly Fever'', plus several recordings by Carl Smith.

JULY 29, 1952 TUESDAY

Webb Pierce recorded ''Back Street Affair'' during a afternoon session at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

Jim Rice is born. At age 22, he becomes the father of a future country star, John Rice.

JULY 30, 1952 WEDNESDAY

Songwriter Dennis Morgan is born in Tracy, Minnesota. Among his long line of hits, Ronnie Milsap's ''Smokey Mountain Rain'', George Strait's ''River Of Love'', Sylvia's ''Nobody'' and Barbara Mandrell's ''I Was Country When Country Wasn't Cool''.

JULY 31, 1952 THURSDAY

Guitarist Steve Gibson is born in Peoria, Illinois. The musical director of the Grand Ole Opry, he plays on hits by George Strait, Kenny Rogers, Alabama, Reba McEntire, Wynonna and Randy Travis, among others.

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