Jerry Lee Lewis (The Hawk)
''IN THE MOOD''
Composer: - Andy Rauaf-Joe Garland
Publisher: - A.S.C.A.P. - Louis Music - Shapiro Bernstein Music
Matrix number: - P 383 - Master (2:20)
Recorded: - January 21-25, 1960
Sam Phillips Recording Studio
639 Madison Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee
Released: - August 1960
First appearance: - Phillips International (S) 45rpm standard
single PI 3559-B mono
IN THE MOOD / I GET THE BLUES WHEN IN RAINS
Reissued: - 1998 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15806 DI-2-20 mono digital
THE SUN SINGLES COLLECTION - VOLUME 6
Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Jerry Lee Lewis - Piano
Roland Janes - Guitar
W.S. ''T-Willie'' Stevenson - Bass
Jimmy M. Van Eaton - Drums
"In the Mood" is a big band era number 1 hit recorded by American bandleader Glenn Miller. Joe Garland and Andy Razaf arranged
"In The Mood" in 1937-1939 using a previously existing main theme composed by Glenn Miller before the start of the 1930s. Miller's "In The Mood" did not top the charts until 1940 and one year later was featured in the movie Sun Valley Serenade.
"In The Mood" opens with a now-famous sax section theme based on repeated arpeggios that are rhythmically displaced; trumpets and trombones add accent riffs. The arrangement has two solo sections; a "tenor fight" solo, in the most
famous recording, between Tex Beneke and Al Klink, and a 16-bar trumpet solo. The arrangement is also famous for its ending: a coda that climbs triumphantly, then sounds a simple sustained unison tonic pitch with a rim shot.
"In The Mood" was arranged by Joe Garland and Andy Razaf based on a pre-existing melody. The main theme, featuring repeated arpeggios rhythmically displaced, previously appeared under the title of "Tar Paper Stomp" credited to jazz
trumpeter/bandleader Wingy Manone. Manone recorded "Tar Paper Stomp" which did not become popular until the middle of 1930, just months before Horace Henderson used the same tune in "Hot and Anxious", recorded by his brother's band, The Fletcher
Henderson Orchestra, on 1931 March 19.
Under copyright rules of the day, a tune that had not been written down and registered with the copyright office could be appropriated by any musician with
a good ear. A story says that after "In the Mood" became a hit, Manone was paid by Miller and his record company not to contest the copyright.
The original recording of Joe Garland's version was
made by Edgar Hayes and his Orchestra in 1938, with Garland participating. In this recording there was a baritone sax duet rather than a tenor sax battle. Popular thought is that the melody had already become popular with Harlem bands (e.g. at the
Savoy Ballroom) before being written down by Joe Garland. Before offering it to Glenn Miller, Garland sold the tune to Artie Shaw, who could not record it because the original arrangement was too long. The Hayes recording also bears signs of
being a shortened arrangement. The tune was finally sold to Glenn Miller, who played around with its arrangement for a while. Although the arrangers of most of the Miller tunes are known, things are a bit uncertain for "In The Mood". It is often
thought that Eddie Durham (who contributed other arrangements on the recording date of "In The Mood", August 1, 1939 as well), John Chalmers McGregor (Miller's pianist) and Miller himself contributed most to the final version.
Glenn Miller's "In the Mood", though undisputably a hit, represents an anomaly for chart purists. "In the Mood" was released in the period immediately prior to the inception of retail sales charts in Billboard magazine. While it
led the Record Buying Guide (jukebox list) for 13 weeks and stayed on the Billboard charts for 30 weeks, it never made the top 15 on the sheet music charts, which were considered by many to be the true measure of popular song success. The popular
Your Hit Parade program ranked the song no higher than ninth place, for one week only (1940).
The Glenn Miller 1939 recording on RCA Bluebird, B-10416-A, was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1983. The recording by Glenn
Miller is one of the most recognized and most popular instrumentals of the 20th century. The song even appeared in The Beatles "All You Need is Love" number 1 single in 1967 and in the Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers rendition in 1989, "Swing The
Mood", a worldwide hit. The Glenn Miller RCA Bluebird recording was released as V-Disc 123B in February 1944 and a new version was released as V-Disc 842B in May 1948 by Glenn Miller and the Overseas Band by the U.S. War Department. 1939 sheet
music cover, "Introduced by Glenn Miller", Shapiro, Bernstein, and Co., New York.
Notable artists who have recorded big-band versions of "In The Mood" include the Joe Loss Orchestra, Xavier Cugat, Tommy Dorsey, Duke
Ellington, Benny Goodman, Artie Shaw, Lubo D'Orio, the Brian Setzer Orchestra, The Shadows and John Williams with the Boston Pops Orchestra.
Non-big-band renditions were recorded by the Andrews
Sisters, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chet Atkins, Bill Haley & His Comets, Bad Manners, the Puppini Sisters. In addition, in 1959 Ernie Fields and his Orchestra peaked at number 4 on the pop chart and number 7 on the Rhythm & Blues charts. The song
charted at number 16 in 1953 in a version by Johnny Maddox. Jonathan King scored a UK Top 50 hit with his version of the song in 1976. Bette Midler recorded the song in 1973 (on the album Bette Midler). The avant-garde synthpop act Art of Noise
occasionally performed a rendition of the song on their live shows, in their trademark sampled style. The rock band Chicago added their version in 1995. An unusual version of the song was released on Maynard Ferguson's 'Lost Tapes Volume 2' album.
The first 30 seconds are the traditional version, but the band then re-starts with the trumpets taking the lead.
A novelty version of the song was recorded by country/novelty artist Ray Stevens
in 1977. Stevens' version consisted of him performing the song in chicken clucks, bar-for-bar. The performance was credited to the "Henhouse Five Plus Two". The single was a Top-40 hit in both America and the UK.
In 1951 a Ferranti Mark 1 computer at the University of Manchester played "In the Mood", one of the first songs to be played by a computer, and the oldest known recording of digitally generated music. Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers
recorded a version of the song as part of a medley entitled "Swing the Mood" which went number 1 in the United Kingdom for 5 weeks. The record reached number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States where it also went gold. It was the 2nd
best-selling single of 1989 in the United Kingdom.
Bluesman John Lee Hooker has said that "In The Mood" was the inspiration for "I'm In The Mood" which became a number 1 hit on the Rhythm & Blues Singles chart. (MH) (HD) (CE)