CONTAINS
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1953 SESSIONS 10
October 1, 1953 to October 31, 1953

Studio Session for Doctor Ross, October 3, 1953 / Sun Records
Studio Session for The Prisonaires, October 17, 1953 / Sun Records

For Biographies of Artists see: > The Sun Biographies <
Sun recordings can be heard on the playlists from 706 Union Avenue Sessions on 
> YouTube <

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

OCTOBER 1953

Sun 187, ''Feelin' Good'' enters the rhythm and blues charts at number 6 on October 10, climbs to number 5 and remains in the top ten during the month. ''Ebony'' magazine does a story on Junior Parker.

Jud Phillips is approached by Lillian and Wilard McMurry with a view to forming a working relationship between Sun and Trumpet Records of Jackson, Mississippi.

Article in the rhythm and blues magazine ''Beat'' read: ''Duke Records has just released Rosco Gordon's ''Ain't No Use'' and Bobby Bland's ''Army Blues'' plus two spirituals.

OCTOBER 1, 1953 THURSDAY

Kitty Wells and Red Foley recorded ''One By One'' in an afternoon session at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

On October 3, 1953 Doctor Ross and Reuben Martin attended 706 Union Avenue to make the sides that would appear as Ross's first disc on Sun Records, ''Come Back Baby'' and ''Chicago Breakdown''. two days later Ross signed a one-year recording contract with Sam Phillips' still fairly new Sun Records.

On ''Come Back Baby'' Ross finally found the groove Sam Phillips didn't quite find worthy of release on ''Texas Hop'' or ''1953 Jump''. This one did catch his ear. It was not a song to sit still through. Its enduring appeal has a little to do with the singer's entreaties to his girl to come home and the recycled jokey lines about his baby having no hair, but mostly this is about his warm delivery and back country dance rhythm that charms the hell out of all his listeners.

It was a fine track but Sam found an even better one in ''Chicago Breakdown'', the lick that had been threatening to fall into place for nearly a year. Ross was promoting the ''Chicago Breakdown'' as the next dance craze and it was an untamed, percussive joy. Phillips issued it just before Christmas 1953 and it proved a big hit that winter in Chicago and points South.

Billboard's rhythm and blues review section hailed ''Come Back Baby'' as ''a happy rumba blues sung by Ross with spirit and life while the combo goes to town behind him''. They thought ''Chicago Breakdown'' was a good juke side for Chicago and elsewhere. As Sun historian Hank Davis has said, ''The sheer amount of Ross material in the Sun vaults attests to the time and resources Phillips invested in recording him. There was much to like: the infectious rhythms, the primitive, unaffected emotionality. In short, the directness of the music, and the honesty. These are the hallmarks that Phillips sought most consistently''.

STUDIO SESSION FOR DOCTOR ROSS
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1953

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: SATURDAY OCTOBER 3, 1953
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

01 - "COME BACK BABY" - B.M.I. - 2:50
Composer: - Isaiah Ross
Publisher: - Memphis Music
Matrix number: - U 90 Master
Recorded: - October 3, 1953
Released: - December 24, 1953
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78/45rpm standard single > Sun 193-A < mono
COME BACK BABY / CHICAGO BREAKDOWN
Reissued: - 1994 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15801-2-7 mono
THE SUN SINGLES COLLECTION - VOLUME 1

The music of Doctor Ross is instantly recognizable - and true to form, this track is totally engaging. But it certainly ain't music to sit still through. How this side manages to retain its charm more than forty years after its release is anyone's guess: surely it was nothing whatsoever to do with the entirely forgettable lyric, nor the one-chord musical backing - whatever, somehow the good Doctor with his warm delivery and back country dance rhythm manages to charm the hell out of all us patients. A damn fine track, and no mistake.

02(1) - "CHICAGO BREAKDONW" - B.M.I. - 2:56
Composer: - Isaiah Ross
Publisher: - Memphis Music
Matrix number: - None - Take 1 - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - October 3, 1953
Released: - 1996
First appearance: - Charly Records (CD) 500/200rpm CDSUNBOX 7-6-19 mono
SUN RECORDS - THE BLUES YEARS 1950 - 1958
Reissued: - 2013 JSP Records (CD) 500/200rpm JSP4239-2-23 mono
DOCTOR ROSS - THE MEMPHIS CUTS 1953 - 1956

02(2) - "CHICAGO BREAKDOWN (DOCTOR ROSS BREAKDOWN)" - B.M.I. - 2:51
Composer: - Isaiah Ross
Publisher: - Memphis Music
Matrix number: - None - Take 2 - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - October 3, 1953
Released: - November 29, 2004
First appearance: - Arhoolie Records (CD) 500/200rpm CD 371 mono
DR. ROSS – BOOGIE DISEASE
Reissued: - 2013 JSP Records (CD) 500/200rpm JSP4239-1-23 mono
DOCTOR ROSS - THE MEMPHIS CUTS 1953 - 1956

There are three takes of "Chicago Breakdown", of which the third was issued on Sun 193. On this and the second take, the singer refers to it as "Doctor Ross' Chicago Breakdown", but drops his name from the issued version. This first take is slower than the following two and the verse structure is different: here his assertion, "You known, I was born and raised right down in Tunica, Mississippi", is almost an afterthought, whereas it becomes the second verse of version two. As he sings here, he prefers the Chicago Breakdown to the 'old Hambone'.

Up in Detroit some ten years later, Doctor Ross recycled ''Chicago Breakdown'' almost note-for-note and word-for-word as ''New York Breakdown''. He even re-used the wonderful colloquialism ''all y'll''.

02(3) - "CHICAGO BREAKDOWN" - B.M.I. - 2:53
Composer: - Isaiah Ross
Publisher: - Memphis Music
Matrix number: - U 91 Master Take 3
Recorded: - October 3, 1953
Released: - December 24, 1953
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78/45rpm standard single > Sun 193-B < mono
CHICAGO BREAKDOWN / COME BACK BABY
Reissued: - 1994 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15801-2-8 mono
THE SUN SINGLES COLLECTION - VOLUME 1

More than anything it is dance music. Its venue is the back country juke joint rather than the Savoy Ballroom, but it is dance music none the less.

Note: Doctor Ross recorded other versions of these songs at this session.

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Charles Isaiah Doctor Ross - Vocal, Guitar and Harmonica
Reuben Martin - Washboard

 For Biography of Doctor Ross see: > The Sun Biographies <
Doctor Ross's Sun recordings can be heard on his playlist from 706 Union Avenue Sessions on > YouTube <

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

OCTOBER 5, 1953 MONDAY

Earl Warren is appointed as the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Warren had previously been a three-term governor of the state of California and in 1948 he had been the republican candidate for vice president. Earl Warren was involved in several of the Supreme Court’s most important decisions on subjects like civil rights, most notably the decision that made segregation in public schools unconstitutional. He was also the head of the committee that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy. Warren remained Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court until he retired in 1969.

OCTOBER 7, 1953 WEDNESDAY

Drummer Tico Torres is born in New Jersey. He earns acclaim as a member of the rock band Bon Jovi, which nets a country hit in 2006 with ''Who Says You Can't Go Home'', featuring Sugarland's Jennifer Nettles.

OCTOBER 8, 1953 THURSDAY

Ricky Lee Phelps is born in Paragould, Arkansas. He sings lead for the Kentucky Head Hunters, twice named Vocal Group of the Year by the Country Music Association, before leaving the band in 1992 to form Brother Phelps.

Anthony Kenney is born in Glasgow, Kentucky. He takes over the bass player for The Kentucky Head Hunters when Doug Phelps and Ricky Lee Phelps leave to form their own duo in 1992.

Already married to his second wife, Jerry Lee Lewis divorces his first wife, Dorothy, in Monroe, Louisiana.

Pop singer Cathy Carson is born. She makes up one-third of Hot, whose 1977 hit ''Angel In Your Arms'' is remake as a country single in 1985 by Barbara Mandrell.

OCTOBER 11, 1953 SUNDAY

Paulette Carlson is born in Northfield, Minnesota. She becomes the sassy lead vocals for Highway 101, essential on such hits as ''The Bed You Made For Me'', ''Somewhere Tonight'' and ''Cry, Cry, Cry''.

OCTOBER 12, 1953 MONDAY

Harmonica player Terry McMillan is born in Lexington, North Carolina. Working with the likes of Elvis Presley, Ray Charles and Dolly Parton, he gains his biggest recognition for his parts on Garth Brooks' ''Ain't Goin' Down (Till The Sun Comes Up)''.

Decca released Ernest Tubb's ''Divorce Granted''.

Rosco Gordon's new rhythm and blues single ''Ain't No Use'' b/w ''Rosco's Mamboo'' (Duke 114) released.

OCTOBER 15, 1953 THURSDAY

Jimmy Boyd is hit with a $30,000 lawsuit in Los Angeles. The suit claims the ''I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus'' singer and two classmates assaulted a 13-year-old girl in Griffith Park September 24.

OCTOBER 17, 1953 SATURDAY

Carl Butler makes his Grand Ole Opry debut, at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee.

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

STUDIO SESSION FOR THE PRISONAIRES
AT THE MEMPHIS RECORDING SERVICE FOR SUN RECORDS 1953

SUN RECORDING STUDIO
706 UNION AVENUE, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
SUN SESSION: SATURDAY OCTOBER 17, 1953
SESSION HOURS: UNKNOWN
PRODUCER AND RECORDING ENGINEER - SAM C. PHILLIPS

On this date, the Prisonaires recorded "I Know" and re-cut "No More Tears". Sam Phillips decided to capitalise upon the group's novelty appeal by releasing the hockey "Prisoner's Prayer" (composed by a white Tennessee Bureau of Investigations employee, James Proctor) and "I Know", on November 1, 1953. Surprisingly, Sam Phillips released "I Know" without holding the publishing; it was originally recorded by the Jubalaires for Decca in 1945 - and was later revived by Johnny Moore and the Drifters in April 1957.

01 - "I KNOW" - A.S.C.A.P. - 3:41
Composer: - Jennings-Brook
Publisher: - Memphis Music
Matrix number: - U 86 - Master
Recorded: - October 17, 1953
Released: - November 1, 1953
First appearance: - Sun Records (S) 78/45rpm standard single > Sun 191-B < mono
I KNOW / A PRISON'S PRAYER
Reissued: - 1994 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15801-2-4 mono
THE SUN SINGLES COLLECTION - VOLUME 1

Revives a 1946 hit by the Jubalaires that may have needed reviving like a fish needs a bicycle. Johnny Bragg gives a credible reading in a style that was almost self parodying when the Inkspots' Bill Kenny worked it a decade earlier with its soaring falsetto, controlled vibrato.

02 - "NO MORE TEARS" - B.M.I. - 2:46
Composer: - Johnny Bragg
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - October 17, 1953
Released: - 1979
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30176 mono
FIVE BEATS BEHIND BARS
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15523-12 mono
THE PRISONAIRES - JUST WALKIN' IN THE RAIN

03 - "IF I WERE KING" - B.M.I. - 1:34
Composer: - Unknown
Publisher: - Copyright Control
Matrix number: - None - Not Originally Issued
Recorded: - October 17, 1953
Released: - 1979
First appearance: - Charly Records (LP) 33rpm CR 30176 mono
FIVE BEATS BEHIND BARS
Reissued: - 1990 Bear Family Records (CD) 500/200rpm BCD 15523-13 mono
THE PRISONAIRES - JUST WALKIN' IN THE RAIN

Name (Or. No. Of Instruments)
Johnny Bragg - Lead Tenor Vocal
John Drue - 2nd Tenor Vocal
William Stewart - Baritone Vocal and Guitar
Marcell Sanders - Bass Vocal
Ed Thurman - Tenor Vocal

 For Biography of The Prisonaires see: > The Sun Biographies <
The Prisonaires' Sun recordings can be heard on his playlist from 706 Union Avenue Sessions on > YouTube <

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©

OCTOBER 18, 1953 SUNDAY

While stationed in Germany with the Air Force, Johnny cash makes his first trip to Paris, where he takes in the Eiffel Tower and views the Mona Lisa at the Louvre.

OCTOBER 20, 1953 TUESDAY

Rocker Tom Petty is born in Gainesville, Florida. He writes ''Thing About You'', by Southern Pacific, ''Never Be You'' by Rosanne Cash, ''You Got It'' by Roy Orbison. He also appears on Hank Williams Jr.'s ''Mind Your Own Business''.

Roy Acuff closes a one-month USO tour of the Pacific, where he performed for soldiers in Korea and Japan, among other locations. Moon Mullican also took part as a member of Acuff's Smokey Mountain Boys.

Songwriter Fred Ahlert dies in New York City. His song ''I Don't Know Why (I Just Do)'' has already been a hit for Kate Smith, Tommy Dorsey and The Andrews Sisters, among others, and is destined to score in country for Marty Robbins in 1977.

OCTOBER 21, 1953 WEDNESDAY

Guitarist Charlotte Caffey is born in Santa Monica, California. A member of the 1980s all-girl pop\rock band The Go-Go's, she teams with bandmate Jane Wiedlin and Keith Urban to write Urban's hit ''But For The Grace Of God''.

OCTOBER 23, 1953 FRIDAY

Eddy Arnold recorded ''I Really Don't Want To Know'' at Nashville's Thomas Productions.

OCTOBER 24, 1953 SATURDAY

Drummer Billy Thomas is born in Fort Myers, Florida. As a member of McBride and The Ride, he contributes to four Top 10 hits in the early 1990s, including ''Sacred Ground'', ''Going Out Of My Mind'' and ''Love On The Loose, Heart On The Mend''.

OCTOBER 25, 1953 SUNDAY

Patti Page performs ''The Tennessee Waltz'' on the CBS variety show ''Toast Of The Town'', destined to become ''The Ed Sullivan Show''.

OCTOBER 28, 1953 WEDNESDAY

Songwriter Tommy Brasfield is born in Jasper, Alabama. He writes Barbara Mandrell's ''Angel In Your Arms'', Ronnie Milsap's ''(There's) No Gettin' Over Me''.

OCTOBER 30, 1953 FRIDAY

Carl Smith recorded ''Dog-Gone It, Baby, I'm In Love'' during the afternoon at the Castle Studio in Nashville.

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For Biographies of Artists see: > The Sun Biographies <
Sun recordings can be heard on the playlists from 706 Union Avenue Sessions on 
> YouTube <

© - 706 UNION AVENUE SESSIONS - ©